Why is Sharia law considered good
Law and religion"Sharia is not a code of law"
Some time ago a group of radical Muslims walked through the streets at night in a major German city wearing vests with the words "Sharia Police" on them. This group of extremists checked whether Muslims on the move behaved according to their Salafist morals. If they were of the opinion that one or the other would not do this, they intervened. There were heated debates and physical fights. These extremists claimed the right to bring order among Muslims in a German city in the name of Sharia law. The Islamic scholar and lawyer Mathias Rohe from the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg considers the actions of these extremists to be completely inappropriate presumption.
In 2014 the self-proclaimed "Sharia Police" caused a stir in Wuppertal (picture alliance / dpa / Oliver Berg)
"We have to keep a very close eye on them and we have to put them in their place with all the means at our disposal under the rule of law. Above all, we have to be careful that the extremist ideology does not seep into the minds of the younger Muslim generations - and that The best way to do it is that we simply apply our law fairly, as normal, and do convincing why it is good that our legal system is the way it is. "
Religious laws, norms and rules of interpretation
The extremist "Sharia police" received applause from certain Muslim circles, while others condemned their nocturnal operations. The dispute over what Sharia meant in terms of content flared up again. Again and again the position of the extremists was taken over, the Sharia demands very strict punishments from whipping to the death penalty.
"There are very few extremists who say that German law has to be replaced by any more or less legal provisions, including criminal law, corporal punishment. These extremists exist. In the political or even in the violent, Salafist spectrum, for example."
Hardly anyone in Germany has dealt with Sharia as intensively as the lawyer and Islamic scholar Mathias Rohe. He gave the definition that the Sharia describes "the entirety of all religious and legal norms, mechanisms for finding norms and interpretative rules of Islam". Or in other words:
"The Sharia is not a code of law, on the contrary, it is a very complex system that basically contains the entire normative theory of Islam. That means: religious norms as much as legal norms and not only the norms as such, but also all the methods, how to find and interpret these norms in the first place. "
Sharia is therefore just an Islamic technical term for an open system of both religious and legal norms, which must be defined more precisely in each individual case. There can be no question of a clearly fixed catalog of laws because there are regionally different Sharia traditions.
"Islamic law is only a small part of the Sharia as a whole of Islamic norms. For some, it plays a role in family matters. That is, marital status, family life, maybe also divorce and inheritance matters. Some of these are even more Islamic as a core area Identity viewed. Not by many others who simply say, "We live here in a constitutional state. The foundations of this constitutional state are very fair, very balanced, and from that point of view it is Islamic enough for us, perhaps more Islamic than other countries in the Middle East, "and which are very satisfied with the legal situation here."
"Lead a decent life"
Serap Guler also shares the opinion of this second group among Muslims in Germany. She sees herself as a devout Muslim and is State Secretary for Integration in North Rhine-Westphalia:
"Yes, well, in my everyday life I have to honestly say that the Sharia has no meaning at all. But the Basic Law does."
It is inadmissible for Muslims to impose their own rules on people of different faiths. Muslims in Germany should adhere to this.
"Especially since I believe that, according to Islamic teaching, a Muslim is also given to adhere to the rules of the country where he lives. So in that respect there shouldn't be any fundamental conflicts."
The CDU politician Serap Güler (Deutschlandradio / Ellen Wilke)
She emphasizes that she is not a theologian, but that she has found her own way to live Islam, detached from how Sharia should be understood:
"It may be a contradiction for many, but I don't know if I define myself as a devout Muslim or if I call myself that, yes, the daily prayer five times, fasting, the five pillars of Islam actually have to be adhered to in my everyday life. And when I don't do it, that I'm no longer a believer. I see it differently. "
The CDU politician Serap Güler is prototypical from the perspective of Islamic scholar and lawyer Mathias Rohe. The majority of Muslims in Germany do not share the idea that Sharia should be equated with harsh laws and punishments:
"For many people who are interested in the term, Sharia means 'leading a decent life'. So many Muslims understand their belief here ethically, morally - and precisely not as a legal system."
Extremist propaganda placed in search engines
In Germany in particular, attempts are being made to reinterpret religious and legal norms:
"Away from the wording. Towards the meaning. And this is exactly the debate we need. And we are in the process of establishing it. Also at universities, for example in the form of an Islamic theology that can take care of such questions."
Mathias Rohe admits, however, that Islamic theology has not yet reached the masses. As before, young people could become victims of extremists - also in matters of Sharia law.
"At the moment, it seems to me that the greatest authority in the world is" Sheikh Google ". People simply google and look at what is available on the Internet. And that is partly terrible, what extremist propaganda is very clever, partly also , is launched. "
That is why the lawyer and Islamic scholar calls on German Muslims to contribute to the education.
"We urgently need alternative worlds where the many moderate Muslim voices can articulate themselves, even better perhaps - can reach people too. In a language appropriate for young people."
There are definitely alternatives to the extremists on the Internet, but the number is still manageable.
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