How does Indonesia compare to the Philippines

Status and prospects of security sector reforms in Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines in comparison

Current state and prospects relating to reforms in the security sector in Southeast Asia: comparison of Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines
[Research paper]

Corporate editor
Science and Politics Foundation -SWP- German Institute for International Politics and Security

Abstract

'Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines have recently gone through processes of democratization. However, these can by no means be considered consolidated and irreversible. The military coup in Thailand in 2006 showed, in an exemplary way, that a reform of the security sector was ... more

'Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines have recently gone through processes of democratization. However, these can by no means be considered consolidated and irreversible. The military coup in Thailand in 2006 showed in an exemplary manner that reform of the security sector must be an essential part of any democratization. At the same time, the three states are increasingly confronted with problems such as transnational terrorism or piracy, which their security systems have so far been unable to adequately counter. Issues related to security sector reform (SSR) in Southeast Asia are therefore not only closely linked to regional stability, but also to the interests of Germany and the EU in terms of security policy. Although an SSR based on coherent reform concepts has not yet been carried out in any of the three countries, there have been and still are various efforts to push ahead with corresponding reforms. The military in particular has come under pressure to withdraw from politics, to professionalise itself, to renew its structure and to place it under the control of democratically elected governments. The reforms vary from country to country and have achieved varying degrees of success. It should be noted, however, that parts of the security forces in all three countries are still evading democratic control - often tolerated by the political class. The fact that new executives came to power in these countries in 2009/10 or will come to power should therefore be used by the German and European side to launch reform initiatives in the area of ​​SSR. ' (Author's presentation) ... less

Thesaurus keywords
Federal Republic of Germany; Reform model; political elite; Defense policy; international security; Europe; Readiness for reform; internal security; Asia; political stability; EU; Military policy; political force; South East Asia; Security policy; Philippines; Indonesia; political control; Thailand; Developing country; Democratization; Military dictatorship; terrorism

classification
Peace and conflict research, security policy

method
application-oriented; descriptive study

Language document
German

Year of publication
2009

Place of publication
Berlin

Page reference
29 pp.

Series of publications
SWP study, p. 23

status
Release version; appraised

License
Deposit License - No Redistribution, No Processing