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Local Governance for Sustainable Solid Waste Management: A Case Study of Chandigarh (Union Territory), India

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2020 | OriginalPaper | Book chapter

Abstract

Waste management is an intrinsic component of public health and sanitation and as per the Constitution of India falls within the administrative and legislative jurisdiction of the states. In 1993, the 74th constitutional amendment transferred the responsibility for collection, treatment and disposal of municipal waste from state governments to urban local bodies (ULBs). Urban local bodies suffer from lack of infrastructure, manpower, technology and funds to undertake the task of solid waste service delivery. Therefore, the need arose for shifting of focus from government to local governance — performing at the cutting-edge level involving agencies and concerned stakeholders, i.e. private sector and civil society organizations to provide efficient and time-bound service delivery. Moreover, nations across the globe have realized that existing solid waste management practices do not satisfy the objectives of sustainable development. Consequently, they are shifting from unplanned waste methods to sustainable solid waste practices. Sustainable solid waste management is a systematic approach which inserts various dimensions into the matrix, such as policy and planning (political, legal, institutional arrangements, sociocultural and environmental aspects) while acknowledging the active participation of stakeholders (general public, non-governmental organizations, the informal recycling sector including the ragpickers, woman as head of household, public-private sector). Adequate operations management at all stages, financial management along with the management of operational hurdles are essential ingredients for the sustainability of waste services. Thus, this research paper has assessed the local governance of municipal waste management in Chandigarh (India). In this context, legal and administrative framework, adequacy of various processes comprising value chain of waste management and the role of concerned stakeholders in waste management have been studied. The paper is based on both primary and secondary sources. Recommendations have been made to strengthen local governance for sustainable solid waste management.

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literature
Go back to reference Gupta, N., & Gupta, R. (2015). Solid waste management and sustainable cities in India: A case of Chandigarh. Environment & Urbanization, International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), 27 (2), 573-588. Gupta, N., & Gupta, R. (2015). Solid waste management and sustainable cities in India: A case of Chandigarh. Environment & Urbanization, International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), 27 (2), 573-588.
Go back to reference Morrissey, A. J., & Browne, J. (2004). Waste management models and their application to sustainable waste management. Waste Management, 24 (3), 297-308. Morrissey, A. J., & Browne, J. (2004). Waste management models and their application to sustainable waste management. Waste Management, 24 (3), 297-308.
About this chapter
title
Local Governance for Sustainable Solid Waste Management: A Case Study of Chandigarh (Union Territory), India
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-7071-7_8
Authors:
Ramanjit Kaur Johal
Amanjot Kaur
publishing company
Springer Singapore