How many articles does a newspaper contain?

Types of text in the newspaper

If you open a newspaper, you can recognize different types of text.

In a newspaper you will find among other things. ...

  • news
  • Reports
  • Reports
  • Letters to the editor
  • Interviews

The text types are divided into ...

  • a) informative (Message, report)
  • and in b) expressing opinion Texts (report, letters to the editor, interview, commentary).

Each type of text has certain characteristics. Click on and you will learn the characteristics of the most important types of text.

The message

Messages consist of one column. They are also called report.
inform you current about what's going on in the world right now.
In order for the reader to quickly know the most important information, the message is very easy built up.
Through the so-called W questions everything will be answered.

  • Who? was involved
  • What? has happened
  • When? did it happen
  • Where? did it happen
  • How? did it happen
  • Why? did it happen

A message is expected to ...

  • true is
  • factual is
  • No opinion of the author contains (objectively),
  • the source (own report or news agency, e.g. dpa, rtr, sid)

The tense of a message is Present.

Do you know what a news ticker is?
You can read the latest news around the clock on the Internet. The newspaper editors also find out more about this.

The report

Another text form of the newspaper is the report.
The report is a long form of the message. A photo makes the text clearer. The report also answers all W-questions, but provides information even more precise and detailed About the event: about the background, people involved and consequences.
The report says that preterite used. If something is mentioned that was before the event, the past perfect is used (example: He used the internet after taking a computer class.).

A report consists of ...

  • Roof line
  • headline
  • Subline
  • Opening credits

Many reports are in the so-called "Lead" style written. "Lead" means opening credits. The most important information is given at the beginning.
Then there is important additional information and interesting details.
Additional details follow at the end.

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The report

The report is a living report. The reporter stays with the action and those involved have their say.
The essence of the report is based on facts and figures, but the author also gives very personal and subjective experiences and impressions again.
The headline should grab the reader's attention right from the start, the lead briefly informs about the content.

In order for the reader to continue reading, the report uses further tricks:

  • a scenic introduction (Start by describing a situation, snapshot)

  • one or two main characters

  • use of Quotes (e.g. from interviews)
  • Background information are interspersed
  • Suspense arc
  • Red thread
  • designed ending
  • pictorial language (descriptive adjectives, comparisons, linguistic images)
  • Tense: Present

The interview

A conversation in the form of a question and answer between a journalist and his interlocutor is called an interview.
Fact-oriented messages and commentary expressions of opinion from the interlocutors mix.

For a good interview, the editor has to prepare well:


  • Make an appointment by phone
  • Check recording device
  • Think about and write down questions

During the interview (Implementation) should he ...

  • Taking notes.
  • do not ask leading questions (questions that already provide an answer).

After the interview (Follow-up) he has to ...

  • type what is said into the computer,
  • Send the text to the interviewee with the request for his consent.

The letter to the editor

Letters to the editor are a way of reacting immediately to the news of the day. Each letter to the editor is printed with the name of the author.
Readers express themselves in writing on a specific topic in letters to the editor. Often they comment on topics that have been reported in the newspaper. The editors reserve the right to shorten letters to the editor.

There is no standard way of writing letters to the editor.
Mostly they contain ...

  • Introduction:
    Here you create a reference to the newspaper article.

  • Bulk:
    You formulate your opinion and explain it in detail.

  • Enough:
    Here you can write a suggestion or a requirement.

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The comment

A comment mostly relates to a message or a report.
The comment gives the Editor's opinion or the message again.
Most newspapers make a clear distinction between news and comment (e.g. by the headline).

Usually there is a special comment on the front page of a newspaper, the so-called. editorial. In contrast to the usual comment, it reflects the opinion of the newspaper on an important question.