How can allergies be cured

therapy

The most important behavioral rule for patients is to avoid the allergen as consistently as possible (avoidance), i.e. the substance to which the person affected is allergic. Read about this in the "Tips on behavior" chapter to find out what allergy sufferers should consider in their everyday lives in order to get their allergies under control as well as possible.

However, some of the rules of conduct described restrict the lifestyle of an allergy sufferer somewhat, other measures (such as installing pollen filters in cars or air conditioning) are quite expensive. Here, of course, the respective benefit must be weighed against the effort to be made. You should therefore speak to your doctor about possible measures that make sense for you personally.

  • Medication
  • Hyposensitization Hyposensitization
    Treatment of allergies in which the body is injected with increasing doses of the allergen in order to reduce or completely eliminate allergy sensitivity; extends over several years.
    One also speaks of specific immunotherapy with allergens (SIT), allergen immunotherapy, allergy vaccination or desensitization.
  • Complementary medicine

Medication

Nowadays, special drugs can reliably alleviate the symptoms of most allergies. Above all, anti-histamines and anti-histamines are used
These drugs suppress the excessive, allergic reaction of the body to the causative allergen and thus the release of large amounts of histamine (including mediators), which can lead to the typical symptoms of the various forms of allergy or to anaphylactic shock. So it is drugs that are given for allergic diseases, allergic reactions and itching.
Preparations with the active ingredients cetirizine, dimetindene or loratadine are available without a prescription. They are usually taken once a day and take effect in less than an hour. There are also prescription drugs such as levocetirizine and desloratadine.
Antihistamines are also used in small amounts as sedatives. Depending on the substance class, they can cause tiredness, impaired motor skills, judgment and reactions, as well as "hang-over". With chronic use, habituation takes place.

.
, CortisoneCortisone
This is a hormone that the body produces itself in the adrenal gland. It is mainly formed in stressful situations, but it also regulates the immune system and can reduce excessive inflammatory reactions. Cortisone causes the bronchial mucous membrane to swell, reduces the production of mucus, inhibits the allergic reaction and reduces the hypersensitivity (hyperreactivity) of the bronchi. While cortisone tablets can have serious side effects depending on the length of time they are taken and the dose, the inhalation of modern cortisone sprays is also unproblematic in long-term use, even if the opposite is repeatedly claimed in the media.
and in individual cases adrenaline.

Anti-histamines suppress the excessive, allergic reaction of the body to the causative allergen allergen
These are substances that are classified as "foreign" by the body's immune system and are therefore attacked, which leads to an excessive defense reaction (= allergy with over-sensitivity of the body to the respective allergen).
A distinction is made between animal, plant and chemical allergens, with almost any environmental substance can trigger an allergy. A potential allergen is a substance that, due to its biochemical nature, can cause an allergic reaction more frequently than other substances.
 
 
 
and thus the release of large amounts of histamine (including mediators, mediators
The term comes from the Latin (mediator = mediator). Mediators are biomolecules that are released in response to certain stimuli and then initiate a certain biochemical reaction by acting on surrounding cells. They could also be called mediators of a cell reaction.
), which lead to the typical symptoms of the various forms of allergy.

Cortisone, an endogenous hormone produced by the adrenal cortex, primarily has an anti-inflammatory effect. It is used for severe chronic inflammation and is also indispensable in the treatment of anaphylactic shock.

adrenaline is an important emergency medication and is used for anaphylactic shock. It is injected into a patient's vein and constricts the vessels that have been dilated by histamine, so that blood pressure can be normalized.

The active ingredients mentioned can only combat the symptoms, but not the cause of the disease. After stopping, the symptoms return, the disease is not cured. On the other hand, long-term use of drugs is always associated with the problem of undesirable side effects. The drugs currently available have been improved as much as possible in this regard.

Desensitization

One way of treating the cause of allergies, especially type I, is desensitization. One also speaks of specific immunotherapy with allergens (SIT), allergen immunotherapy, allergy vaccination or desensitization. It is ideal for people with allergies to pollen, mites, certain molds, animals, insecticide or flour (baker's disease, flour dust allergy).

The aim of this method is to reduce the hypersensitivity (hyperreactivityHyperreactivity
This is understood to mean an increased willingness to react or oversensitivity, for example of the bronchi to external influences such as cold, changes in air pressure or humidity as well as chemical irritants (including mustard oil, essential oils, camphor, cigarette smoke).
) to degrade against the allergen. For this purpose, the allergen is gradually administered to the patient at regular intervals in initially subliminal and then increasing doses. This controlled supply ultimately leads to an increased tolerance towards the supplied allergen. That is, the organism is desensitized - its sensitizationSensitization
This is understood to mean an increased willingness to defend against certain antigens (allergens), which is triggered upon first contact with a foreign substance and leads to the formation of antibodies against its antigens (primary immune response). In the next contact with the allergen, an increased defense reaction can take place with the formation of large quantities of suitable antibodies against the substance antigens (secondary immune response). A small amount of the allergen is sufficient for this. A sensitization can be determined by the doctor by means of an allergy test (detection of antibodies). But it also happens that people have become sensitized without showing any allergic symptoms.
against the allergenic substance is reversed. The reason for this is that in the course of the treatment the body no longer learns the Ig E antibody antibodies that trigger the allergy
Antibodies are also called immunoglobulins (Ig) and are proteins (glycoproteins) that the human body forms after contact with a foreign substance (antigen). These antibodies can then specifically bind to the antigens (in the so-called antigen-antibody reaction). The resulting immune complexes are then rendered harmless. Increased Ig levels generally indicate an increased immune defense, as often occurs in acute or chronic infectious diseases (allergic and parasitic diseases). The immunoglobulins are divided into four different classes (Ig A, Ig E, Ig G and Ig M). Depending on which type is more prevalent, this allows conclusions to be drawn about the disease in question.
but antibodies (immunoglobulins, immunoglobulins
These are antibodies in the form of proteins (glycoproteins) that the human body forms after contact with a foreign substance (antigen). These antibodies can then specifically bind to the antigens (in the so-called antigen-antibody reaction) and the immune complexes thus created can be rendered harmless.
Increased Ig levels indicate an increased immune defense, as often occurs in acute or chronic infectious diseases (allergic and parasitic diseases). The immunoglobulins are divided into four different classes (Ig A, Ig E, Ig G and Ig M). Depending on which type is more prevalent, this allows conclusions to be drawn about the disease in question.
) of another class (Ig G). These neutralize the allergen before the formation of Ig E antibodies with histamine release and the associated effects on the organism can occur. The treatment lasts at least 12-24 months, a maximum of three years. It shows the greatest success in children and adolescents as well as in the first few years after an allergy occurs.

As an alternative to the repeated injections during allergy vaccination (desensitization), there is the option for some allergens to take the allergen preparations as drops (sublingual immunotherapy, SLIT), which is particularly suitable for children or very sensitive patients. This method is also successful in many cases in terms of its effect and duration of action.

After completion of the immunotherapy, the medication used to treat the symptoms can in most cases be reduced or, in the best case, discontinued. In many cases, specific immunotherapy can also prevent the allergy from spreading to other allergens or a so-called change of floor, for example from the upper respiratory tract or the skin to the lower respiratory tract (bronchi).

Complementary medicine

For some allergic reactions, such as hay fever, acupuncture can also be used
The term acupuncture comes from the Latin (acus = needle; pungere = pierce) and describes a method of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in which thin needles are used to pierce precisely defined points on the body surface. The aim is to cure diseases, alleviate pain or increase well-being. We often use the treatment for pain and addiction patients. So far the mode of action of acupuncture cannot be explained with scientific principles. The World Health Organization (WHO) has published an indication list with around 100 symptoms that are suitable for acupuncture treatment.
and homeopathyhomeopathy
The term comes from the Greek (homoios = similar, similar; pathos = suffering) and describes a naturopathic therapy method. The principle is: heal like with like. A disease is to be cured with a remedy that, when used in a healthy person, causes similar symptoms. Homeopathic medicines are diluted so much that little or nothing can be detected chemically from the original substance. So far there is no model that can explain homeopathy using scientific principles.
for use. These treatment methods cannot be explained with scientific knowledge, but are also sometimes used by conventional medical practitioners.