Are black Americans racist towards white Americans
United States: Racism is omnipresent
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For more than a week, thousands of people have taken to the streets in the United States every day to demonstrate against racism. It's not just about the violent death of the black George Floyd, who suffocated after a white police officer kneeled on his neck for minutes. The anger at the system is a fundamental one because racial injustice in the United States not only manifests itself in the form of police violence against black people, but in many areas of everyday life. Data show how much black people are still economically disadvantaged and discriminated against.
Lower incomes and wealth
For example, the median household income of the US black population in 2018, as measured by the median, was $ 41,361 according to the census. It was the lowest of all population groups - the statistics differentiate between blacks, Asians, Hispanics, people with Spanish-speaking roots, and whites. The decisive factor is how the respondents define themselves, but the categories are not entirely clear. For example Hispanics also be registered as whites.
The median income of whites - Hispanics factored out - at $ 70,642, it was significantly higher than that of blacks. The census does not make a distinction here according to level of education or occupation. But statistics show that blacks in the United States are also more likely to have poorer degrees than whites. This is also likely to have structural reasons.
Further data confirm the income differences. Labor market statistics show that white employees aged 16 and over receive a median weekly wage of $ 979, while black employees only earn $ 775. And according to data from the census bureau, more than a fifth of the black population recently lived below the poverty line. There were significantly fewer among the whites.
The differences in wealth are even clearer. According to a 2016 survey by the US Federal Reserve, white families have a median wealth of $ 171,000, while black families only have a tenth of that, namely $ 17,600. If you compare average wealth instead of the median, that hardly changes: Black families then own only 15 percent as much as whites. In a study at the University of Bonn, researchers at the University of Bonn have not succeeded in reducing the income and wealth differences between black and white households in the past seven decades.
Higher unemployment, more homeless
Black people in the US are also more likely to become unemployed. In 2019, the unemployment rate among them was consistently about twice as high as that among whites - and the Corona crisis is exacerbating social inequality in the country. In the past few months, the number of unemployed in the United States has risen rapidly. Within ten weeks, the authorities registered more than 40 million new unemployed, and there is probably an unreported number of people who do not report.
Black women are hardest hit by unemployment. In a survey on behalf of the Washington Post16 percent of the black participants said they had lost their jobs in the wake of the pandemic. It was only eleven percent of the white respondents.
Even before the pandemic began, the government published the homelessness figures for the past year. According to this, 40 percent of the approximately 568,000 people without a permanent residence in the USA were black - although the proportion of the black population is only around 13 percent overall. On an average night in 2019, 55.2 out of 10,000 black Americans were homeless, but only 11.5 out of 10,000 whites, according to the non-profit organization National Alliance to End Homelessness. It's not just about adults for a long time: 55 percent of families with children who lived in shelters for the homeless in 2019 were black, but only 33.7 percent were white.
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