How was Punjab divided

Partition of India: with freedom came killing

"Run Milkha, run," shouted the father before the attackers stabbed him with knives. Olympic athlete Milkha Singh was around 15 when his father was murdered in front of his eyes. His home village of Kot Addu, near Multan in what is now Pakistan, was so remote that not even a newspaper found its way there. The residents only received news when someone drove to the next town.

In August 1947, the small village was surprised that the Indian subcontinent was now divided into two states: When a murderous Muslim mob staged a massacre in the village, Singh's father valiantly defended his family until he was killed. His wife, brother, and two sisters also died. Milkha managed to escape. He joined tens of thousands of Sikhs and Hindus who made their way to India by train. The athlete, who competed as a 400-meter runner for India at the Olympic Games in Melbourne in 1956, Rome in 1960 and Tokyo in 1964, lost his family and home with the division.

At midnight on August 15, 1947, British India ceased to exist and two independent nations were born: India and Pakistan. Almost to the day two years after the end of the Second World War in the Pacific, the British victorious power sacked the core of its empire, of necessity. Oscillating for decades between political concessions and unconditional insistence on colonial rule, Britain had no choice after the Japanese attack in 1941.

In order to win the Indian national movement to fight together against Germany and Italy, London and Washington signed the Atlantic Charter, which laid down the right of peoples to self-determination when establishing a state. 2.5 million Indians were mobilized in the fight against Japan and its allies. After their victory