How do dentists brush teeth

10 tips for brushing teeth effectively & the best brushing technique WITHOUT cleaning defects

Cleaning is not always the same: knowing how!

2x3 plus extra fluoride day

The formula of 2x3 minutes of brushing your teeth is easy to remember. Make a day an extra fluoride day too. Before going to bed, fluoridate your teeth with Elmex Gel to additionally harden the tooth surface and inhibit the bacterial metabolism.

What is the best brushing technique for healthy & beautiful teeth?

First of all, according to a ten-country study (2014) by University College London, there is no such thing as "the best toothbrushing technique" and there are no significant, solely promising differences in the various recommended toothbrushing techniques such as the Fones technique, KAI system, bass Technique, technique to determine Stilleman. However, there is agreement among dentists, dentist organizations and professional associations that, in addition to TUN, some key points in terms of method should be observed so that good cleaning results are achieved and possible undesirable consequences avoided. Because cleaning damage can be just as dangerous for the teeth as inadequate dental care.

It is also important to understand that contrary to popular belief, brushing your teeth is not intended to remove food residues, but rather to remove plaque. This plaque is the ideal breeding ground for bacteria of all kinds, which inevitably leads to tooth decay, periodontitis (periodontitis) and gingivitis.

The following tips apply to both brushing your teeth with a manual toothbrush and an electric toothbrush. The only difference is that if you brush by hand, you have to "shake" the tooth and gums yourself with the manual toothbrush. It should also be noted that in addition to these universal tips, everyone has an individual risk with regard to tooth decay or periodontitis and that eating habits and living conditions are also decisive factors. The best way to learn and develop your personal toothbrushing strategy is in a therapy-oriented dental prophylaxis program.

10 tips for the correct brushing technique for teeth

what you should pay attention to when brushing your teeth or dental care

  • 1.Circular movements ...

    ... brushing up and down to the side or "cross-scrubbing" is out! When scrubbing, the bristles of the brush don't get into the spaces between the teeth properly.

  • 2. 45 ° C angle ...

    ...Shake! Wipe out! - Place the toothbrush at a 45 ° angle on the teeth, make a shaking movement (automatic with an electric toothbrush) on the spot and then swivel the bristle head towards the chewing surface.

  • 3. Correct frequency

    ... 2 times a day. This is not only about removing plaque, but also about regular fluoride intake.

  • 4. From the gums to the teeth (= correct direction)

    ... or also called from red to white - because plaque mainly settles on the chewing surfaces and at the transition between tooth and gums (on the outside and inside of the teeth).

  • 5. 2 minutes (minimum duration)

    ... every tooth should be brushed sufficiently. 2 minutes is the lower limit for adults so that all tooth surfaces can be processed.

  • 6. Individual problem areas ...

    ... pay attention to irregular tooth positions and brush with particular care.

  • 7. Little pressure

    "2-finger technique" - The brush should best be held with two fingers or like a pencil and not with your fist, in order to avoid pressing the toothbrush too hard. The bristles of the toothbrush should not be bent over. Too force-intensive cleaning promotes the regression of the gums and the exposure of root surfaces. New plaque is soft in the first 48 hours. It can also be removed without pressure.

  • 8. Get used to the order ...

    ... then no tooth will be forgotten. Eg IKA systematics - (1) "inner surfaces" in the upper jaw from left back to right and then lower jaw (2) "chewing surface", upper jaw left and right and then lower jaw (3) "outer surfaces" in the upper jaw from left rear to right and then lower jaw

  • 9. Right time

    ... ideally before breakfast and before going to bed. CAUTION after consuming particularly acidic food or drinks (fruit juices, citrus fruits, yogurt, salad with sour dressing) - you should wait at least 60 minutes between eating and brushing your teeth, otherwise the superficial layer of tooth substance can be damaged.

  • 10. Concentration

    ... for many, brushing their teeth is more a duty than a pleasure. Thoughts easily wander about everyday problems, professional challenges or the last movie you just watched. As the concentration deviates, mistakes can creep in when brushing your teeth. Some teeth are simply "forgotten", some problem areas are only dealt with superficially, etc. Remember your system again and again and name your problem areas out loud, and your concentration is where it should be. Your teeth will thank you!

3 most common mistakes when brushing teeth

Too much pressure

But how gentle should the pressure be when brushing your teeth?
With the 2-finger technique, you are already very well on your way. If you want to feel what the optimal pressure feels like, take a kitchen scale to hand. Put the brush on and press so that the scale shows a maximum of 250 grams. This is the optimal pressure so that you do not damage the gums and tooth surfaces.

Excessive pressure can recede the gums and expose root surfaces. The teeth that have been cleaned but affected are mostly sensitive to cold, warmth, sweet and sour food and when brushing their teeth.

When it comes to pressure and tooth protection, electric ultrasonic toothbrushes with built-in sensors are the best choice for teeth cleaning. Thanks to the ultrasonic technology, the brush head only needs to be placed lightly on the tooth. Parts of the bacteria from chewing surfaces or inner surfaces are removed by the vibrations even without direct contact.

Wrong time

When should I NOT brush my teeth?

Immediately after eating. If you wait at least an hour after eating, you are on the safe side, too. Because the following must be observed

Due to the acidic effect of the (sugary!) Food, the tooth surface is demineralized and weakened. Brushing your teeth removes a fine layer of the weakened tooth surface. After decades, the tooth is cleaned but also brushed away.

Therefore, 40 to 60 minutes should elapse between eating and cleaning your teeth. In the meantime, your saliva will jump in. The minerals in your saliva make the tooth surface hard and resilient again. Then you can calmly tackle the plaque again.

Sloppy or not at all in the evening

Why is dental care important in the evening?
Brushing your teeth is usually done just before going to bed. The concentration is low or the botch-up tactic or method is used to get to bed quickly. But the removal of leftover food is extremely important in the evening.

Otherwise you give the bacteria in plaque a whole night to multiply and torpedo your oral health. It is also easier to sleep with clean teeth.

Other mistakes when brushing your teeth

What other traps or mistakes should I watch out for when brushing my teeth?

In addition to the three most common and mostly tooth-damaging mistakes, there are a number of other pitfalls that you should avoid when brushing your teeth.

Neglect the inside and the transitions between the tooth and the gums
Often only the outside and the chewing surfaces of the teeth are cleaned properly. You can't see the insides enough, so they don't catch the eye. The transitions between tooth and gum require a lot of attention and feeling, especially because of their sensitivity and "smallness".

Brushing your teeth too often
Instead of brushing their teeth twice a day, some brush their teeth 3 times and more often. The motifs for this are very individual, such as avoiding discoloration after enjoying coffee. But brushing your teeth too often damages your teeth more than you realize. Tooth enamel and gums need time to regenerate and repair themselves.

Wrong movements
Cross-scrubbing or horizontal movements along the transition between the teeth and the gums are outdated knowledge and only inadequately clean the teeth. Circular movements or short movements from the gums to the teeth are better.

Weak points
Every bit has its own challenges and weak points. In daily routine activities such as brushing your teeth, "shortcuts" or inattentiveness creep in, especially with regard to individual weak points such as twisted wisdom teeth. The weak points then quickly become breeding grounds or feeding places for harmful bacteria.

Sporadic cleaning of the interdental spaces and the tongue
The daily cleaning of teeth with the toothbrush is already anchored in the consciousness or general knowledge, although not everyone always acts accordingly. It looks much worse when it comes to cleaning the interdental spaces and the tongue. These two areas are also part of the daily routine in the context of home oral hygiene.

Important information: You will receive the best training for your individual tooth brushing technique as part of a therapy-oriented dental prophylaxis program. The dentist and the prophylaxis experts recognize your individual challenges and support you in unlearning the mistakes.


How do I best clean my interdental spaces and with what?



What should be considered when choosing a toothpaste? What is the role of fluoride?



Which toothbrush is right for me? Should I clean by hand or electrically?


The best known tooth brushing techniques / methods

The combination according to the individual situation makes the difference

The focus is on efficient cleaning and avoiding damage to teeth and gums.

The combination or modification depends on the dentition, fine motor skills (increasing in children, decreasing in older people), possible dental disease or recent dental treatment.

The most popular toothbrushing techniques / methods include:

Fones technique
This technique is also known as the rotation method. Tooth for tooth, the brush head is moved from the gums to the tooth in circular movements. First the outer surfaces, then the inner surfaces and finally the chewing surfaces are cleaned.

Bass technique
This technique is also known as the shaking method. The brush head is placed at an angle of about 45 degrees to the gums, with part of the bristle field touching the gums and the tooth surface. This also depends on the size of the brush field and the teeth. Then the plaque is removed from the tooth and, as far as possible, from the spaces between the teeth with small back and forth movements of the bristles. When cleaning the chewing surfaces, the bristles are placed vertically.

Stillman technique
This technique is similar to the bass technique in that the bristles are also placed at an angle of about 45 degrees to the gums. The movement with the bristles begins predominantly at the gums and the bristle field is rolled off towards the tooth.

KAI system
KAI stands for "chewing surface", "outside" and "inside" and at the same time denotes the order in which the teeth should be cleaned. Another form is the IKA system. This starts with the inside.

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