How old is the continent of Australia

Australia

Parliamentary democracy (under constitutional monarchy)
independent since 1901

Region:

Australia and New Zealand

Surface:

7,741,220 km²

Local name:

Australia

Capital:

Canberra


geography

Australia is a country on the Australian continent and the Tasman Island. The land has a total area of ​​7,741,220 km² and a total coastline of 25,760 km. This land mass is roughly 21.7 times the size of Germany. In terms of area, Australia is the largest country on the Australian continent and the sixth largest country in the world. With 3.3 inhabitants per km² it is also the most sparsely populated country on the Australian continent. It is divided into numerous geographical zones on its exceptionally large area. On average it is at an altitude of 330 m above sea level.

The country includes 8,222 mostly uninhabited islands. Australia does not have any directly bordering countries. The distance between Berlin and the capital Canberra is approximately 16,090 km.

The currency in Australia is the Australian dollar (AUD).
1 dollar is divided into 100 cents.
Status: May 18, 2021

1 euro = 1.56 dollars
1 dollar = 0.64 euros

The climate in Australia

For a country with a north-south extension of over 3600 km it is not possible to describe the climate in general. Australia has a predominantly subtropical climate. This means that there is hardly any rainfall, especially in the summer months, and the usual evaporation causes severe drought. The average maximum daily temperatures are between 18 and 30 degrees, depending on the season. In some parts of the country, the values ​​can reach up to 36 degrees during the day. In the colder months, depending on the region, the temperature drops down to 7 ° C in the monthly mean.

Average day and night temperatures


languages

National language:

English



Religions

directiondistribution
Buddhists2,5%
Uniate Church5,0%
Presbyterian2,8%
Baptists1,6%
Lutheran1,2%
Pentecostal Christians1,1%
Copts3,8%
Catholics (Roman)25,1%
Catholics (Greek)0,2%
Anglican17,1%
other Christs2,9%
other Protestants1,3%
Hinduists1,3%
Muslims2,2%
Jews0,5%
non-denominational22,3%
Sikhs0,5%
other8,6%

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economy


With an HDI (Human Development Index) of 0.944, Australia is one of the most highly developed economies according to the UN definition. The IMF also shares this classification. Taking into account purchasing power parity, it is one of the 20 richest countries in the world.

Land use

0% urban areas:36,746 km²
48% agriculture:3,687,143 km²
16% forests:1,257,174 km²
0% water surface:49,200 km²
36% other areas:2,760,157 km²

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traffic

Road network:873,573 km
Rail network:33,343 km
Waterways:2,000 km
Commercial ports:579
›Airports:418

The main cities





Political indicators

(Based on the World Bank's "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project)


Political stability:

Rule of law:

Effectiveness:

Regulatory quality:

Freedom of speech:

Death penalty:abolished in 1985



Existing trade agreements



Memberships



Dependent outside areas

Heard and McDonald Islands
Coconut islands
Norfolk Island
Christmas Island