A question is always a question

Word order in English questions - brief overview

1. The decision questions with be (am, are, is)

A question to be answered with Yes or No answer is called a decision question.

In decision-making questions with the verb to be are - as in German - subject and verb (verb) interchanged.

 GermanEnglish
Sentence:You are from Germany.Youare from Germany.
Question:Are you from Germany?Are you from Germany?

2. Questions with question words with be (am, are, is)

Question wordverbsubjectrestanswer
Whereareyou from?Iam from Stuttgart.
I'm from Stuttgart.
Whatisyour name? My name is Peter.
HowarePat and Sue? They are fine.
They're fine.

3. Decision-making questions and short answers and have

auxiliary verbsubjectverbrestYes / NosubjectAuxiliary verb (+ n't)
Haveyougota cat?Yes,I.have.
Haveyougota new car?No,wehaven't.
Hasyour brothergota bike?Yes,heyhas.
doyouhavea cat? Yes,I.do.
doyouhavea new car? No,wedon't.
Doesyour brother havea bike? Yes,heydoes.

4. Questions with question words and have

Question word auxiliary verbsubjectverbrestanswer
Wherehaveyougotyour ruler?I'vegot it in my pencil case.
Wheredoyouhaveyour ruler?I have it in my pencil case.

5. Questions without question words im Simple present

Auxiliary verbsubjectverbrestYes / NosubjectAuxiliary verb (+ n't)
doyoureadbooks?Yes,
No,
I.
I.
do.
don't.
DoesPeterplayfootball?Yes,heydoes.

6. Questions with question words in the Simple present

Question wordauxiliary verbsubjectverbrestanswer
Whatdoyouplayon your computer?Iplay games on my computer.
Whendoesyour mothergoto work?Shegoes to work at 6 o'clock.

7. Questions without question words im Simple past

auxiliary verbsubjectverbrestYes / NosubjectAuxiliary verb (+ n't)
DidMaxplayfootball?Yes,
No,
hey
hey
did.
didn't.

BUT:

to besubjectrestYes / NosubjectAuxiliary verb (+ n't)
Wereyouin Leipzig last week?Yes,
No,
I.
I.
What.
wasn't.

8. Questions with question words in the Simple past

Question wordauxiliary verbsubjectverbrestanswer
Whatdidyouplayyesterday evening?Iplayed computer games.

BUT:

Question wordto besubjectrestanswer
Wherewereyouyesterday?I was at the cinema.

9. Subject question

Question wordverbrestsubjectverbrest
Whorunsto the shop?Peterrunsto the shop.

10. Object question

Question wordauxiliary verbsubjectverbrestanswer
WhodidMandyphonelast Monday?Mandyphoned her uncle.

DANGER!

Subject questionObject question
Whophoned john?Whodid john phone?
who did John call?Whom did John call?