What is the difference between FIR and complaint

Main difference: FIR is a first information report. It only applies to identifiable (criminal) offenses. On the other hand, police complaints can be recognizable or undetectable criminal offenses.

FIR and police complaints are two different terms with different meanings. Although they are related to complaints, they have different offenses and complaints when FIR and police complaints are appropriately registered.

FIR is a first information report, a complainant who is aware of the crime, provides an FIR as an eyewitness and as a hearsay report. There is information to the police officer. FIR is a very serious registration to do. It shouldn't be gossip and that should be a trail, and after being fully investigated, the source takes responsibility. An irresponsible rumor should not lead to the registration of an FIR. It is mandatory to provide the complainant or the informant with a copy of the first information report (recorded by the police) free of charge.

A detectable case is a case where a police officer can be arrested without a warrant in accordance with the First Schedule of Cr.PC (1973) or any other applicable law. Undetectable offenses mean that a police officer has no authority to arrest without detention.

Legally, a case cannot be registered because there are always doubts about its authenticity and if it does not meet the requirements of Section 154 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, which does not count as "an oral explanation clearly and in writing reduced", this is considered to be case law, false or false statement .

On the contrary, one police complaint can be an identifiable or undetectable criminal complaint. A complaint is understood to be any verbal or written allegation made to a magistrate with the aim of being accused under the Code of Criminal Procedure (1973) that a known or unknown person has committed a criminal offense. It could be a robbery, an accident, a murder, etc. Therefore, it is entirely possible that a police report will also be converted into an FIR if the investigation proves serious.

Who can complain? Anyone can complain. If you have,

  1. Inappropriate behavior by a police officer or a police officer.
  2. Witnesses to an incident - for example, you were present when an incident occurred.

A person can complain at any time. The complaint is unlimited. It is best to do this as soon as possible after the incident. The Indian Criminal Code states that the competent authority cannot register the incident if more than 12 months have passed between the incident and the date of the complaint. There should be a valid reason not to file a complaint. However, it does not guarantee that the complaint will be investigated.

One must therefore complain very clearly about the two terms FIR and policy, for what reason and on what basis they can both be used.