What is cloud computing 24

The history and future of cloud computing

The history and development of cloud computing goes back to the 1950s and 1960s.

In the 1950s, companies began developing large data centers, but it was too expensive to provide a computer for every user. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, a process called timeshare was therefore developed to make more efficient use of expensive processor time.

Time-sharing allowed users to access numerous instances of mainframe computers at the same time, thereby maximizing computing power and minimizing downtime. This idea represents the first use of shared computing resources, the foundation of modern cloud computing.

The origins of the provision of computing resources via a global network go back largely to the year 1969 - when the American computer scientist J. C. R. Licklider co-founded the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network, the so-called forerunner of the Internet. Licklider's goal was to connect computers around the world in such a way that users can access programs and information from anywhere.

In the 1970s, cloud computing took on a more tangible form with the introduction of the first virtual machines that enabled users to operate more than one computer system within a single physical facility. The functionality of these virtual machines led to the concept of virtualization, which had a major impact on the advancement of cloud computing.

In the 1970s and 1980s, Microsoft, Apple and IBM developed technologies that improved the cloud environment and advanced the use of the cloud server and server hosting. Then, in 1999, Salesforce was the first to offer business applications from a website.

In 2006, Amazon introduced Amazon Web Services (AWS), which offer services such as computing and storage in the cloud. As a result, the other big tech companies, including Microsoft and Google, launched their own cloud offerings to compete with AWS.

It is likely that organizations will move mission-critical workloads to public clouds in the next few years. One of the reasons for this shift is that executives who want to make sure their businesses are competitive in the new world of digital transformation are calling for the public cloud.

Business leaders are also looking to the public cloud to leverage its elasticity, modernize internal computing systems, and strengthen critical business units and their DevOps teams.

In addition, cloud providers like IBM and VMware are focusing on meeting the needs of enterprise IT by partially removing the barriers to public cloud adoption that have deterred IT decision-makers from fully authorizing the public cloud beforehand use.

In general, when considering adopting the cloud, many organizations have primarily focused on new cloud-native applications. They weren't ready to move their most mission-critical applications to the public cloud. However, these companies are now beginning to realize that the cloud is ready for the business if they choose the right cloud platforms, i.e. those that have met the needs of the business in the past.

Another reason for this is that security on the cloud platforms is getting better and better and that prejudices can slowly be dispelled.

Copyright cover photo: Image by Pete Linforth from Pixabay