What do diabetics eat for breakfast

Type 2 diabetes: the perfect breakfast

After a meal, especially one that contains carbohydrates, blood sugar levels rise even in healthy people. Those who suffer from diabetes often achieve alarming peak values. A protein-rich breakfast helps prevent this: it causes blood sugar levels to rise less than a meal with a chocolate croissant. What is more surprising, however, is that the effect also extends to the values ​​after lunch: regardless of what is then consumed, the blood sugar values ​​are lower.

The body doesn't always react in the same way

"People often assume that the body always reacts the same way to carbohydrates, but that's not the case," says study director Jill Kanaley of the University of Missouri-Columbia. “For example, we have known for a long time that people who skip breakfast have particularly high blood sugar levels after lunch.” By contrast, those who start having breakfast in the morning have lower levels after lunch.

The nutritionist and her team have investigated how the composition of breakfast affects the blood sugar curve over the course of the day. In addition, they served twelve type 2 diabetics for seven days either a protein-rich breakfast (35 percent protein / 45 percent carbohydrates) or a more carbohydrate-based meal (15 percent protein / 65 percent carbohydrates). On the seventh day, they determined the subjects' blood sugar and insulin values ​​as well as the levels of various nutritional hormones. After breakfast and after a high-carbohydrate lunch.

Soothing sugar curve

A protein-rich breakfast caused the blood sugar curve to rise significantly less sharply after lunch. The reason for this was apparently a higher insulin release. “The body succeeded better in regulating the blood sugar level,” explains the researcher.

The first meal of the day is crucial, it adjusts the metabolism for the rest of the day, says the researcher. For the effect it is not necessary to consume excessive amounts of protein. 25 to 30 grams for breakfast are sufficient - that is within the scope of common dietary recommendations.

Protein breakfast for everyone?

Earlier studies had already indicated that a protein-rich diet generally stabilizes the sugar metabolism. They showed that people on a high protein diet were at lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The scrambled eggs for breakfast could therefore also be the better choice for non-diabetics. (cf)

Source: A High-Protein Breakfast Induces Greater Insulin and Glucose-Dependent Insulinotropic Peptide Responses to a Subsequent Lunch Meal in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes, J. Nutr. March 1, 2015 vol. 145 no.3 452-458

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