Who was the worst Roman emperor

Top 10 worst Roman emperors

The Roman Empire was huge at its height and its influence can be felt to this day in our military, state and social forms. Ruled by emperors for some time, the empire had periods of greatness and periods of decline. This list shows ten of the emperors who made their mark on history because of how terrible they are.

10

Domitian

The Apocalypse of St. John is believed to have been written during the reign of Domitian at the end of the first century. Domitian was a staunch advocate of the Roman gods and goddesses, whose worship had fallen out of practice by the time he came to power.

Eusebius of Caesarea writes 300 years later that the first large-scale Christian and Jewish persecution began during the reign of Domitian. There is no non-Christian history of such activities, but Domitian is known to be tyrannical of all religions except Roman.

Like so many other emperors, Domitian dealt with the dissent of his close advisers and friends through death. He executed too many prominent politicians and wealthy citizens, and the camel's straw was the murder of his secretary Epaproditus.

A man named Stephen and several others planned to kill him, with Stephen pretending to have been wounded for several days so that he could hide a dagger under his bandages. He approached Domitian in his bedroom and stabbed him in the groin, whereupon the emperor was harassed by several men, one of whom was a fearsome gladiator who all stabbed him to death.

9 Septimius Severus

There is no doubt that Christians and Jews were severely persecuted during Severus' reign. He believed in a draconian interpretation of Roman law that could not tolerate any religion other than Roman. He did not choose a specific religious culture, but simply persecuted all foreign ones.

Christians and Jews were the most common, and up to 1,000 to 3,000 were executed after being given the opportunity to curse Jesus or Yahweh or were beheaded or crucified. He had absolutely no respect for caring for anyone but his army as it was they who could stand up and set him down. He succeeded in stabilizing the empire through draconian fear, but that stability did not last long when his son, No. 4, took the throne.

8

Maximinus Thrax

He was, by all accounts, a huge man, a good two meters tall, maybe seven meters or more. He has been accused of causing the third century crisis, largely due to the murder of several dozen of his closest friends, advisers, and benefactors. He did not trust anyone and intended to love people through conquest and expansion.

His first campaign was against the Alemanni in Germania. They were absolutely no threat to Rome at the time, but Maximinus invaded and captured them, despite the dire cost of his army. People didn't love him for that, but hated him. However, it went directly to Sarmatia and Dacia, today's Ukraine and Romania. These people had done nothing against Rome.

Meanwhile, a revolt began in North Africa in which two men, Gordianus Sempronianus and his son, were appointed as petitioners for the Roman throne. The Roman Senate backed them, and in response, Maximinus marched his army into Rome, but his troops had fought for so long that they were exhausted and sick. They could not enter the closed city gates and many were deserted. His Praetorian Guard finally had enough and stabbed Maximinus in the back, then his son and his advisors, beheaded them and laid their heads against the city walls to let them in.

7 Diocletian

Diocletian reigned at the end of the crisis of the third century, and although he greatly stabilized and improved the military and economy of the empire, he will forever be remembered as the worst persecutor of Christians in history.

In 303 he issued several edicts in which he took all the rights of Christians until they converted to the Roman religion. Of course, the Christians refused, and from 303 to 311 at least 3,000 martyrs were killed. Those who refused were simply imprisoned at first, but it wasn't long before they were executed by both crucifixion and beheading. Christian churches were searched and burned down, looted and even Christian senators were deprived of their jobs, imprisoned and executed throughout the empire.

When the persecution didn't seem to work, when Christians simply hid and spread their religion, Diocletian pleaded for their torturous and entertaining executions at the Circus Maximus and Colosseum Lions, much to the delight of Roman citizens who worshiped Roman gods.

The murders didn't really stop until Constantine's rise to absolute power in 324.

6

Tiberius

Tiberius was emperor from 14 to 37 years after August and did not care about work. All he wanted was luxury and left the Senate to make all the decisions. The Senate loathed him and informed the critics of the Roman population until he no longer trusted his safety in Rome and set off for the island of Capri. He erected statues of his captain of the guard, Lucius Sejanus, all over the city and gave him all the duties of government. Tiberius more or less withdrew to Capri for the rest of his long life, returning to Rome only a few times.

While living on Capri, he had a huge villa built, Villa Jovis, the villa of Jove (Jupiter), in which he indulged his pedophilia. He swam naked with and raped toddlers, toddlers and boys; otherwise he had not physically harmed them in any way, but sex with young children was one of his favorite pastimes even in the late 1970s.

5 Nero

Using the emperor's office to satisfy his desire for an opulent lifestyle, Nero cared absolutely nothing about the well-being of the people. He never rightly trusted his mother Agrippina and tried to kill her by sinking her ship. That didn't work, and he just executed her. He executed everyone who was close to him and whom he did not trust, always under mysterious circumstances, because he feared the Praetorian Guard.

He managed to rule in this way for 15 years, killing anyone who contradicted. He was charged with high treason, 62, and the accusers were simply executed, several dozen. He liked to go to bars and gates without dressing up.

The Great Fire of Rome in 64 gave rise to the legend that Nero played while Rome was on fire. That is not true. He was in Antium (Anzio) and returned to Rome to try to put out the fire. He even paid for it out of pocket.

He helped the survivors tremendously, keeping them in the palace until the houses were rebuilt, fed them, etc. But the fire largely destroyed the city center, and Nero had much of that destruction rebuilt as Domus Aurea. This was his gift to himself, a gigantic palace-like garden complex of 100 to 300 hectares, for which he heavily burdened the citizens throughout the empire.

The city wanted a scapegoat, so Nero blamed the fire on the Christians and persecuted them terribly. He had arrested many, impaled them and burned them as torches to light his gardens in the Domus Aurea. It is said that he inhaled the stench and laughed heartily, then turned to his lyre and sang his own songs.

The taxes irritated the population enough to start revolts in various provinces until, at 68, Nero was no longer loved but hated by everyone. His guards left him at the palace and he fled to a nearby villa where a messenger appeared to be telling him that the Senate had declared him a public enemy and that they would beat him to death. He had dug a grave while repeating, "What an artist is dying in me!"

Then he stabbed a dagger in the neck and bled to death. Most scholars believe that Nero is the great beast whose number six hundred and sixty-six is ​​called "The Apocalypse" in the last biblical book.

4

Caracalla

Caracalla wasn't crazy. He was mean and sadistic. From 211 to 217 he directed an impressive drama of terrifying deeds. He had murdered his brother and fellow emperor Geta and Geta's wife.

The citizens of Alexandria, Egypt, mocked this crime with a public spectacle, and when Caracalla got wind of it, he traveled to Alexandria with an army, invited the citizens to their town square and slaughtered them, pillaged and ransacked the whole city. 20,000 died.

This was the kind of emperor he showed in almost every Roman province at the time, putting down all signs of rebellion, even when rebellion was not imminent. At the slightest conflict, he ordered death. Wherever he was, his army was killed, raped and destroyed.

He was murdered by one of his guardsmen on April 8, 217 while urinating on the street outside Carrhae. Caracalla had the Guard's brother executed on false charges.

3 Commodus

Commodus was the son of Marcus Aurelius, one of Rome's greatest rulers, and this only compounded Commodus' crimes in public.

He admired the gladiator games so much that he personally entered many of them and fought with the gladiators, all of whom were criminals and slaves. This offended the entire empire, especially the Senate.

Commodus once ordered all cripples, hunchbacks and generally undesirable people in the city to be pulled together, thrown into the arena and hacked to death with meat cleavers.

He especially loved killing animals and killing 100 lions in one day, much to the disgust of the spectators. He killed three elephants standing alone in the arena, beheaded an ostrich and laughed at the senators present, swung his head and motioned for them to be next. He impaled a giraffe to death, an animal that the onlookers did not fear at all.

The senators conspired to have him killed and poisoned him, but he threw him up. Then they sent in his favorite wrestler, a gladiator named Narcissus, who strangled him in his bath. His reign lasted 12 years, from 180 to 192.

2

Elagabalus

It can be argued that Elagabalus' assassination from 218-222 sparked the 3rd century crisis. During this time, Rome was torn to pieces after about 50 years of civil war after civil war, rampant anarchy, riots and breakdowns. economic hysteria and attacks from Germania and elsewhere.

Elagabalus took the throne at the ripe old age of 14 and immediately fulfilled his filthiest, depraved fantasies and desires. He was a man, yes, but lovingly wanted to be a woman and offered the doctor huge sums of money that could turn him into a real one.

Until then, he was enjoying crossdressing and hoping for normal men in whorehouses all over Rome. He wore female costumes and makeup. He even asked men in the imperial palace who stood completely naked in the doorway of his favorite bedroom and purred at every passerby, even his Praetorian Guard.

Confiding in the Head of the Guard that he would like to be neutered, he asked what would be the most painful method: slicing, squeezing or cooking on open coal. He had hundreds, maybe thousands of affairs with men and women when he was with was married to a virgin from the Vestal, which was a serious outrage among the Romans.

He installed El-Gabal, the Syrian sun god, as the chief god of Rome, who surpassed Jupiter, and it is from this sun god that the emperor's nickname comes. He transferred all Roman sacred relics from their respective temples to a new temple that he had built for El-Gabal, the Elagabalium, and called himself the high priest.

After four years, riots broke out in Rome when the Praetorians demanded death or deposition. Elagabalus responded by going straight to the Praetorian camp and demanding the arrest and execution of all. Instead, everyone got off him and his mother. He tried to hide in a large clothes box, but they opened it and stabbed him. He and his mother were beheaded and dragged all over Rome. He was then thrown into the Tiber and spat on. He was 18 years old.

1 caligula

"Little Boots" took the throne when his second cousin Tiberias died, which was a great uncle to him. Some say Caligula ordered the head of the Praetorian Guard to suffocate him with a pillow.

Everyone in the empire rejoiced in his ascent. For the first seven months, he was loved by everyone. He paid nice bonuses to the military to get them on his side and remembered many who had banished Augustus and Tiberias.

However, by October 37, he became very ill and the disease has never been recorded. Philo does it for his extravagant lifestyle with too much food, wine and sex. After the illness passed and Caligula made a full recovery, he had become one of the most evil men in human history. Some centuries of Jewish, Christian, and Muslim historians even thought Caligula might have been possessed by a demon.

He has been charged with the most disgusting, insane and depraved crimes against humanity and morality, and this Lister has to say, unfortunately, that the allegations are all absolutely true.

He began ordering the murders of anyone who had ever crossed him or resisting him in everyday matters. He had a very good memory. He banished his own wife and proclaimed himself a god, disguising himself as Apollo, Venus (a goddess), Mercury and Hercules. He demanded that everyone from senators to guardsmen to guests and audiences call him divine in his presence.

When he was a boy, a seer told him that he would never become emperor until he walked on water. So he built a pontoon bridge over the Bay of Naples, put on the breastplate of Alexander the Great and marched through the bay day and night, putting lavish sex orgies in the light of fire.

He tried to use his favorite horse Incitatus ("Galloper") as priest and consul, and had a beautiful marble stable built, which was completely furnished with chairs and sofas that Incitatus never sat on.

Once, in Circus Maximus, there were no more criminals, and the next event was the lions, his favorite. He ordered his guards to pull the first five rows of spectators into the arena, which they did. These hundreds of people were all devoured for his entertainment.

A citizen once insulted him angrily on his face, and Caligula responded by handcuffing him and beating him with heavy chains. He did this for three months after the man was taken out of a dungeon and beaten, until Caligula and the whole crowd that gathered were too offended by the stench of the man's hallway, at which point he was beheaded.

Caligula's favorite torture was sawing, which headed another list on this page. The saw blade pushed through the spine and spinal cord from the crotch to the chest, and the victim was unable to go to the brain due to excess blood.

He also enjoyed chewing victims' testicles without biting them off while they were turned upside down in front of him.

He had another insulter and his entire family was publicly executed in front of a crowd. The husband and wife were first, followed by the oldest child, and so on. The crowd became outraged and began to disperse, but many remained in morbid fascination. The last of the family was a 12-year-old girl who was sobbing hysterically, which she had been forced to watch. A member of the crowd shouted that she was exempted from execution as a virgin. Caligula smiled and ordered the hangman to rape her and then strangle her, which he did.

He had sex in public with his three sisters at banquets and games, sometimes on the table in the middle of dinner. He was eventually murdered by the Praetorian Guard and some senators and left the Circus Maximus after the games. His body was rotten in the street, and dogs eventually ate it. He had ruled for 4 years.