Did Julius Caesar kill someone
Top 10 facts about the men who killed Julius Caesar
60 men killed Julius Caesar. Sixty people with sixty different lives who took them to the point where they were ready to surround a man in the Senate and take turns thrusting daggers into his body.
Officially, they may have attacked Caesar to prevent him from crowning himself king, but there were small moments in their life that set them on the path of murder. Most of these men were forgotten, but each had a life of their own. Each of Caesar's assassins has a story that ultimately led them to become a murderer - and a story of the consequences that followed.
10Caesar slept with Brutus' mother
Caesar wasn't just Brutus' friend - he was his mother's lover. Before Brutus was even born, Caesar slept with his mother Servilia.
Brutus knew almost for sure. Rumors of the relationship between Caesar and Servilia were spread all over Rome. Caesar didn't understand it very well. He tended to shower her with gifts and once spent six million sesterces to buy her a single pearl.
As Servilia got older, it got worse. According to these Roman rumors, the aging Servilia made sure that Caesar did not have an empty bed. In her place, she sent her own daughter, Brutus' sister, to Caesar's bedroom.
This is probably not why Brutus killed Caesar, but he lived long enough to do it. Brutus would have been killed for taking sides against Caesar in his war against Pompey, but Caesar ordered his men not to harm him.
In part, he wanted to keep Brutus alive to keep Servilia happy - but there was more. Caesar slept with Servilia when she became pregnant. He wasn't entirely sure, but he believed Brutus was a good chance for him.
9Cassius of Parma and Cicero spread rumors that Caesar was gay
Murder isn't the only way to reach someone. The rumor mill in Rome was vicious. If you couldn't kill someone with a knife, you could always kill their reputation with a story.
Cicero started the rumor that Caesar was gay - and what was worse in Rome that he was on the reception side. He spread rumors that Caesar had lost his virginity to the King of Bithynia, Nicomedes IV. Nicomedes, Cicero told the world, had a young Caesar led by one of his companions to his apartment, where the king was waiting for him on a purple couch.
Cassius of Parma kept the rumors alive even after helping Caesar with a death attack. He had a vicious tongue. When Octavian was declared heir to Caesar, he insulted his mother for being poor and spat, "Your mother's food came from a vulgar bakery in Aricia!"
But that was just the beginning. He also spread the rumor that Octavian was made heir only because he had agreed to be Caesar's sex toy. It was a terrible rumor to spread, but Cassius just spread it - he never got around to it. The rumor was sparked by Octavian's greatest supporter, Mark Antony.
8 Lucius Pontius Aquila was driven to murder by petty jabs
Originally one of Caesar's murderers, Lucius Pontius Aquila, wanted to carry out a peaceful protest. He found ways to calmly but defiantly show his opposition to Caesar's growing power. When Caesar rode through Rome on a chariot celebrating a victory in Spain, Aquila protested by refusing to get up - a quiet little protest against a tyrant.
Caesar did not let go of it, however. As Aquila sat down, he nudged him and shouted prophetically: “Come, Aquila! Take back the republic from me! "
Aquila may have gotten over it, but Caesar devoted an entire week to making fun of him. For the next few days, every time he makes a statement in the Senate, he would follow with a smug sentence: "That is, if Pontius Aquila allows me."
Shortly thereafter, Aquila began meeting with conspirators and joined in their plan to kill him. Which maybe just means one of Caesar's killers was there because he was bullied.
7Caesar also slept with Servius Sulpicius' wife
Brutus wasn't the only conspirator to come to terms with watching a loved one make the path of shame out of Caesar's bedroom. Caesar slept with many powerful male women - including the wife of one of his assassins.
Servius Sulpicius was married to a woman named Posthumia who, according to a Roman writer, was "frowned upon" by Julius Caesar. Like Brutus 'mother, Julius Caesar would spend a fortune buying gifts for Servius' wife. Then he sent her home with trinkets to a man who was boiling softly with murderous urges.
In most of the accounts of Servius' life, he accuses himself that Caesar did not have enough respect for the Senate and accused him of being the cause of the loss of the consular election. Still, Servius won in the long run. Not only did he help kill Julius Caesar, his great-grandson eventually became Emperor of Rome.
6Caesar pardoned Quintus Ligarius
Quintus Ligarius could have been executed before he even had a chance to kill Caesar. He had fought Caesar in the Roman Civil War, and he had been such a vicious fighter that he was soon tried.
Ligarius only survived because his lawyer, Cicero, was one of Rome's best speakers. Cicero was able to defend himself when he publicly admitted that his client was guilty and was still able to convince the court to let him anyway.
He told Caesar that the greatest virtue is mercy and said: "There is no action that brings people closer to the gods than by giving security to others." By protecting Ligarius, he would ensure the safety of all of Rome and would end the bloodshed that had plagued the city.
Caesar was so moved that he trembled. He dropped the documents in his hands and fought back the tears. Cicero was right - it was time to end the violence. He would show mercy to Ligarius, he decided, and bring an era of peace and protection to Rome.
And then Ligarius stabbed him while Cicero cheered him on.
5Gaius Trebonius tried to kill Mark Antony in order to kill Caesar
Caesar may have died of the Ides of March, but it wasn't the first attempt of his life. One of his murderers, whom Gaius Trebonius had tried earlier with Mark Antony's help.
Trebonius and Mark Antony collected their money and hired an assassin who murdered Julius Caesar. The assassination attempt failed, however, and Caesar had a pretty good idea that Mark Antony was behind it.
Little did he know that Trebonius was part of it, so Trebonius could immediately plan Caesar's death again. His friendship with Mark Antony was ultimately the key to the plot. When Mark Antony found out what was going on and tried to save Caesar, Trebonius cornered him and distracted him while Caesar was stabbed.
4 Decimus found out that he was Caesar's heir
Most of the men who killed Caesar had fought him in the Roman Civil War, but Decimus was a bit unique. Not only had he been on Caesar's side, he had gotten very close to the man he was going to kill. Caesar gave him command of one of Rome's greatest armies and even adopted him as his son.
Somehow, the conspirators managed to convince Decimus to join the murder, but Caesar had no inkling that his friend was against him until it happened. The day before his murder, he invited Decimus to drink wine, where the two talked about "the best way to die".
After Caesar died, his will was read to the public - and Decimus found that the man he killed had not only thought of him as a son, but that he had made him his second heir. Had Octavian died before Caesar, Decimus would have inherited Caesar's entire fortune.
3Lucius Minucius Basilus was killed by his slaves
Lucius Minucius Basilus had a karmic end. He died almost exactly as he killed Caesar.
Basil was not the emperor of Rome, but he was a wealthy man, and to his own slaves he was the tyrant Julius Caesar. He brutally beat up the people who worked for him, in some cases mutilating their bodies and leaving them disfigured because they did not do their job properly.
Two years after Basil murdered Caesar, his slaves were fed up. They gathered around him and killed him, taking revenge on their tyrant.
Like Caesar, Basil's death caused power struggles of its own. A Conman has forged a wrong will and declares himself heir to Basil, and his family struggled to keep his inheritance. On a smaller scale, the chaos he had created across Rome was waged in his own home, with his family being waged in a legal war against strangers. His family lost. His fortune eventually went to the people named in the forged will, who confiscated everything he owned while leaving his family with nothing.
2A Mob tears up a man for sharing a name with an assassin
Of all the deaths that followed Caesar, the death of Helvius Cinna was the most brutal. He wasn't one of Caesar's assassins - he had just shared a name with Lucius Cinna, who, as rumor had it, had stabbed his knife in Caesar's side.
Helvius Cinna was a friend of Caesar's and he considered it his duty to attend his funeral. When he got there, one of his friends recognized him and called out his name without realizing that he had passed his death sentence. When the mob heard the name "Cinna", they turned around Helvius and began to beat him bloody. Quite a crowd grabbed and tore at him while literally pulling him to pieces in the middle of a funeral.
Ironically, Lucius Cinna, the person they believed killed, wasn't one of the assassins either. Lucius Cinna had been thrown up with the killers for a speech against Caesar, but he was just a peaceful protester, fallen victim to the Roman rumor mill. Even if they killed the real Cinna, they would still have killed an innocent man.
1The murderers minted a coin commemorating their murder
About a year after Caesar's death, a new coin was put into circulation, issued by the Roman Senate to commemorate the time when they all collided and stabbed someone.
The coin wasn't subtle. On one side it had the words "Eid Mar", which means "The Ides of March", under a picture of two daggers, a little reminder that no one has forgotten that they killed a consular.
On the flip side was Brutus' face, which must have sparked a bit of controversy. Only gods usually appeared on Roman coins. When you put your own face on a Roman coin, you have referred to yourself as the King of Rome. Julius Caesar had done it, and that was one of the reasons he was killed.
But now Brutus put Roman coins on his face, suggesting that he was the King of Rome on coins that encouraged people to kill Roman kings.
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