How many Julius Caesars were there

Assassination attempt on Caesar: "None of his murderers survived him longer than three years"

He had been warned. His wife wanted to have seen bloody visions in a dream. A seer recognized misfortune. A passer-by gave him a warning on the way. He himself was plagued by malaise (probably as a result of a hangover), so that it was difficult to persuade him to attend the session of the Senate on the Ides of March (March 15) in 44 BC. To attend. But in the end the dictator Gaius Julius Caesar let go of all caution and allowed himself to be carried in his litter to the conference room in Pompey's curia. There the conspirators' daggers felled him.

The murder of Caesar is one of the great turning points in history. Until its victories in the civil war, the Roman Republic had functioned to some extent despite all the conflicts and crises. After his death and an even bloodier civil war, there was only one solution: the rule of one man, the emperor.

How the Ides of March came about and what impact they had is the subject of a new “Terra X” series in which presenter Mirko Drotschmann wants to shed light on famous “moments in history”. The first episode is about the most famous assassination attempt in history. Why did Caesar ignore the dangers, and why did the conspirators do the same? Because what Caesar's biographer Suetonius recognized soon became true: "None of his murderers survived him longer than three years, and none of them died of natural causes."

In October 45 BC Caesar was at the height of his power. After the conquest of Gaul (58-50) he had 49 BC. Started a civil war that shook the whole Mediterranean world. In 45 he defeated the last army of his opponents at Munda in Spain. Thereupon he celebrated an unusual triumph in Rome, not only, as had been the custom for centuries, over a foreign enemy, but also over Roman citizens who had been slaughtered by the tens of thousands.

The Senate, the assembly of aristocrats who had passed political office, showered him with honors and titles. The most important was that of the dictator for life. This made Caesar the all-important authority in the republic, which ceased to be a forum for the interplay of noble interests. The Senate not only lost all design options, but also changed in its composition, as Caesar increased the number of its members from 600 to 900. Most of the new appointments were his unconditional supporters.

Caesar relied on reason and propaganda. Because he had the largest war machine in the world, any resistance was hopeless. But the dictator also realized that without his steadfast hand the empire would plunge again into a civil war for which not only soldiers and ordinary citizens, but also many aristocrats would pay with their lives. Assured that the senators would recognize this, Caesar disbanded his bodyguards on his return to Rome.