Did Jesus really rise from the grave?

Did Jesus' Resurrection Really Realize?

It is one of the most famous miracles in the Bible: Moses divides the Red Sea and enables his companions to flee from the Egyptians. However, scientists see it differently. Moses did not split the Red Sea, they say. There were vile, strong easterly winds in the region, which exposed a wide ford for escape.

Another example: the flood. Scientists say that after the end of the last ice age, sea levels rose sharply around the world. The rapid melting of the glaciers broke a land bridge to the Black Sea, which triggered an apocalyptic flood.

DW: Mr. Söding, that kind of thing Explanations sound plausible, don't they?

Thomas Söding: No, these approaches have a limited scope of explanation.

For example, the subject - Jesus' resurrection from the dead - by definition transcends the boundaries of space and time. Then a scientific explanation also came to an end. But that doesn't mean they should be despised.

Let's take a concrete example: Jesus walking on the water. There are researchers who suspect that Jesus may have been standing on small ice floes that could not be seen from the bank. Warm, salty springs in the water 2000 years ago could have been to blame for this ice, the argument goes. So was walking on the ice just an ice cold trick?

There are even jokes that Jesus supposedly used stones of some kind or took advantage of the morning mist at the Sea of ​​Galilee to make some fake. I don't think so. I think the Bible should be read more carefully. The Bible says that the disciples had a vision on the Sea of ​​Galilee. You saw something. You have had an experience that cannot be traced back to any natural explanation. In the language of the Bible this is what is known as an "appearance".

That is, there is some kind of communication between God and humans. And that is a thing that no medic with medicine or no physicist with physics or no biologist with biology can explain. This is essentially a question of faith.

Theology has the task of propagating such questions of faith as questions of faith and that is why I am very skeptical of attempts at explanations such as those you have quoted.

Feature film "The 10 Commandments" (1923): Did Moses split the Red Sea or were there extremely strong easterly winds?

But how do you explain the resurrection?

The resurrection is essentially an event that transcends the historical sphere. There are people who have come to believe that Jesus rose from the dead and these testimonies are described in the New Testament. Nowhere in the New Testament is the resurrection of Jesus himself described.

There were women in Jerusalem who said, "We wanted to go to the tomb and the tomb was empty and we could not explain it to ourselves. But then we were told - by a voice of God - the tomb is empty because Jesus came from the dead is risen ". There were people who thought what the women said was crazy. Afterwards, however, the risen One himself appeared to them. They thought it was a ghost. But then Jesus said: "Look at me carefully. I am Jesus!"

These are these two cornerstones. First, the grave was found empty. There is no natural explanation for this. Second, there are these appearances of the risen One.

This also shows that God did not enter into an alliance with the greatest scholars of the world at that time, but with simple people who had a connection to God. This also makes a lot of sense, because God is at home among people.

Thomas Söding is a professor at the Catholic theological faculty of the Ruhr University Bochum. He is professor of the New Testament.

 

  • What do the scriptures say about dealing with nature?

    Preserve creation

    Adam and Eve in the earthly paradise: in Christianity as well as in Judaism, the preservation of creation is one of the tasks that God has assigned to man: “And the Lord God took man and put him in the garden of Eden so that he could him cultivated and preserved ”(Bible, Genesis 2:15)

  • What do the scriptures say about dealing with nature?

    The Jewish Tanach and the Christian Bible share key messages

    The story of creation is told in the First Book of Moses. The first book of Moses is part of the Torah, the first part of the Jewish Bible, also called the Tanakh.

  • What do the scriptures say about dealing with nature?

    The word that goes around the world

    The story of creation is also a central part of the Old Testament in the Christian Bible. Originating from parts of the Jewish Bible, the Christian Bible is the most widely distributed and most widely published written work in the world.

  • What do the scriptures say about dealing with nature?

    Man's “mandate to rule”

    “And God blessed them, saying: Grow and multiply, fill the earth and subdue it. And rules over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the sky, and over all animals that move on the earth. " (Genesis 1, 28) - one of the most famous biblical passages, which is interpreted differently, especially in relation to man's mandate to rule (dominum terrae).

  • What do the scriptures say about dealing with nature?

    Use Allah's Work wisely

    In Islam, too, the Creator's work must be protected. Man is allowed to use what has been created, but has to be careful. “The sun and the moon follow their prescribed course, the stars and the trees bow before the Lord, and he has lifted up the heavens and brought them into balance. Do not disturb the balance, keep the right measure and do not lose it. " (Koran, sura 55, 3-10)

  • What do the scriptures say about dealing with nature?

    Do not wreak havoc on earth

    The Koran contains concrete instructions for people to act. Many relate directly to the relationship with the environment and how we deal with nature. "Do not wreak havoc on earth!" (Koran, Sura 2, 11)

  • What do the scriptures say about dealing with nature?

    Hinduists in the eternal cycle

    In Hinduism there is neither one God nor one Holy Scripture with a creation story: Everything is in a cycle in which the individual components - dead or alive, visible or invisible - interlock and repeat themselves continuously. The human being is part of this world, he has the same status in it as any other living being.

  • What do the scriptures say about dealing with nature?

    Always in balance

    The natural balance should be preserved - whoever takes something must also give something back: “Since you have fed the gods in the sacrifice, they will give you what you want. So whoever enjoys what the gods give him without sacrificing them for it (in return) is in fact a thief. " (Bhagavad Gita 3:12)

  • What do the scriptures say about dealing with nature?

    No separation between the self and the environment

    In Buddhism, too, everything is interrelated and exchanged. Buddhists do not make a distinction between the self and the environment. Those who strive for enlightenment feel with all other beings and share their suffering. The cycle of life can be broken when a being attains enlightenment and thus moves into nirvana.

  • What do the scriptures say about dealing with nature?

    Everything is related

    In the Pali canon, the oldest traditional teachings of the Buddha, the dependency and connection of all things is described: “If that exists, that arises. It is through the arising of that that this is brought about. If that is not, then this does not arise either. This is ended by the cessation of that. "(Pali-Canon, Samyutta Nikaya II, 12.21)


  • Good Friday around the world

    Via Dolorosa

    Thousands of believers walk every year on Good Friday the path that, according to the Bible, Jesus had to walk to the crucifixion site of Golgotha: the Via Dolorosa (Latin: "The painful path") in Jerusalem. It leads through the old town to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher.

  • Good Friday around the world

    Bestowing cross

    Locals do business with the deeply religious ritual in the "Holy City": Cross-lending shops boom on Good Friday. The price is a matter of negotiation, as a rule one agrees on around 200 shekels, which corresponds to around 50 euros.

  • Good Friday around the world

    Way of the Cross in Rome

    The stations of Jesus' Way of the Cross along the Via Dolorosa have also been carried out in a procession with the Pope in Rome since the 1960s. Many Catholic churches have a way of the cross, which reminds of Good Friday. Usually it is divided into 14 stations, but depending on the interpretation of the Bible it can be up to 15.

  • Good Friday around the world

    Coliseum

    The scene of the Roman Catholic procession is the brightly lit Colosseum in the Italian capital. The individual stations are read out.

  • Good Friday around the world

    Self-flagellation

    In the Philippines, Christians are repeatedly nailed to the cross on Good Friday in order to be particularly close to Jesus. There have been up to 20 in recent years - albeit without any fatal consequences. Ruben Enaje has been crucified over and over again for almost 30 years. The Philippines are the only predominantly Catholic country in Asia with around 75 million believers.

  • Good Friday around the world

    Controversial ritual

    The gruesome Filipino ritual is not without controversy in the island state: Doctors warn of wound infections and the church even forbids the spectacle. Thousands of onlookers come regularly to watch the heavy nails being driven through the hands and feet of the orthodox.

  • Good Friday around the world

    Greek procession

    Good Friday is also very important in Orthodox Greece. Christians roam the streets all over the country. The Orthodox Easter usually takes place on a different date than for Catholics or Protestants - this year a week later.

  • Good Friday around the world

    Procession in the salt mine

    Miners in Wieliczka, Poland, go down for their Good Friday procession. The salt mine south of Krakow is a special place for the country. It has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1978. The chapel of St. Kinga, carved in the salt, is 96 meters below sea level.

  • Good Friday around the world

    Spanish penance

    They are not supporters of the Ku Klux Klan, but repentant Christians: the hooded men who march through Spanish cities with torches on Good Friday. The tradition dates back to the 14th century when the Pope forbade public penance. Thanks to the hoods, the penitents remained undetected.

    Author: Friedel Taube