Is it bad to eat cherry seeds
Can dogs eat red cherries?
Have you ever asked yourself, "Can dogs eat cherries?" This fruit looks delicious, especially the red one. Cherries are popular with children and adults alike as a good dessert or cake decorator. Of course, cherries are also great as a snack when you're lying in your hammock and relaxing.
But even if your four-legged friend licks your leg and asks you to give it a grain or two, can dogs eat cherries? Most of us would love to give cherries to our dogs. What harm can these delicious and charming little fruits do to our dogs? Is It Okay To Feed Dog Cherries?
Unfortunately, most dog experts don't recommend giving dogs cherries. They even strongly advise against it. Before we dive into the reasons experts say no after asking if dogs can eat cherries, though, let's first look at what this little fruit can do.
Cherries nutritional profile
In human health and nutrition, cherries are preferred for their antioxidant properties. In a world obsessed with feeling and looking young, these fruits can be a very attractive way to achieve younger skin and less inflammatory problems in the body.
Its antioxidant properties also give this fruit the ability to fight off inflammation and relieve the pain associated with arthritis. Cherries are also an excellent source of melatonin, which is highly valued for promoting more peaceful and better quality sleep.
Given that cherries have nutritional and health benefits for humans, it's understandable why dog owners are considering giving this fruit to their dogs as well.
Here are some interesting nutritional information about cherries.
Foods that are low in calories, high in fiber, and fat free
One cup of this fruit contains no more than 90 calories, 3 grams of which is fiber, which can help improve digestion, control blood sugar levels, lower blood cholesterol, and promote weight loss. The same cup of cherries does not contain sodium, cholesterol or fat. Sodium-free foods mean you have less to worry about water retention.
Excellent source of vitamin C.
Ascorbic acid is important for many reasons. First, it's a powerful antioxidant that helps fight inflammation. Second, it's an essential part of collagen production. As you may already know, collagen is an important structural protein found in many connective tissues such as skin. Thus, increasing collagen production can improve skin health.
Contains calcium, iron, vitamin A and protein
This nutrient is necessary for many reasons. Calcium is great for increasing and maintaining optimal bone integrity, density, and strength, while iron is essential for more efficient oxygen delivery to tissues. Vitamin A, on the other hand, in terms of its antioxidant properties, just like vitamin C, is also responsible for promoting healthy eyesight. Proteins are essential, among other things, for the structure of cells and tissues as well as for the synthesis or production of enzymes, antibodies and hormones.
This mineral is important for the formation and distribution of electrical impulses through neurons and nerves. It is also important in muscle contraction, especially the skeletal and cardiac muscles. One cup of this fruit can contain up to 260 milligrams of potassium.
Contains melatonin and boron
We've already mentioned what melatonin especially does when it comes to helping sleep. What we didn't mention is that it also helps keep our body's internal clock working normally. The same benefits apply to mammals including dogs. Boron, on the other hand, is important in maintaining stable calcium levels and therefore can play an important role in bone health.
Don't be fooled by the word "cyanine" in anthocyanins. This has nothing to do with the toxic substance we know as cyanide. While cherries also contain amygdalin, one of the many cyanide precursors, anthocyanins are a completely different substance. Anthocyanins are substances that give certain fruits a bluish or reddish color. Research has shown that anthocyanins play a role in protecting the heart and surrounding tissues.
Given the nutritional profile of these cherries - low in calories, high in fiber, high in vitamins, and free from cholesterol and fat - it's no surprise why cherries are frequently featured on some of the healthiest food lists in the world. Why can't we give cherries to our dogs?
Can Dogs Eat Cherries? What makes them dangerous?
According to experts, cherries are poisonous to dogs, especially if fed the whole fruit. That said, if you feed meat with holes, stems, leaves, and seeds, there is a high chance that it will harm your dog. This is because cherries are classified as cyanogenic glycosides. Technically, cherries don't contain cyanide, but they do contain amygdalin, a very common substance found in certain fruits.
Amygdalin is found in the seeds of fruits such as apricots, peaches, bitter almonds, plums, and apple seeds. When these fruits are digested, amygdalin is broken down in the small intestine by the enzyme beta-glucosidase, or emulsion. Amygdalin is also digested by the enzyme amygdalase.
- After amgydalin is broken down, gentiobiosis and L-mandelonitrile are formed.
- Gentiobiosis is broken down further to produce glucose.
- L-mandelonitrile is further broken down into cyanohydrin.
- Cyanohydrin is broken down into benzaldehyde and hydrogen cyanide.
As you can see, one of the end products of amygdalin digestion is cyanide, the other two are glucose and benzaldehyde. But here is the controversy. If a cherry is eaten by a dog, it does not mean that the whole cherry is filled with amygdalin. Our discussion above results in proteins, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins as well as other nutrients, especially phytochemicals.
Let's analyze the one cherry hypothesis. Let's say a cherry weighs 5 grams, let's say cherries contain about 2 percent amygdalin by weight, which means that their amygdalin content is 100 milligrams. However, since amygdalin is still broken down into three different substances, we assume that the hydrogen cyanide is 20%. This gives a value of 20 milligrams of hydrogen cyanide.
It is believed that the lethal dose in humans is between 0.6 milligrams and 1.5 milligrams of cyanide per kilogram of body weight. For example, if a person weighed 100 kilograms, it would mean that a lethal dose of cyanide would be in the range of 60 milligrams to 150 milligrams of hydrogen cyanide. According to our calculations, this means that 3 to 7 cherries should have killed us. But we know people who can eat a bowl of fresh cherries and who are still alive and well. So what caused it?
It's either our assumptions about the exaggerated percentage of amygdalin hydrogen cyanide concentration per cherry.
If the former is true, it means that actual amygdalin levels could be much lower. One could, of course, say that the lethal dose of cyanide in humans is technically higher than that in dogs. Let's say it only takes about one-tenth the lethal human dose to be considered lethal to dogs. Even then, there were dogs in other parts of the world who ate grapes, raisins, and cherries, but they were fine.
True, people also enjoy eating cherries, and the number of incidents in which a person dies from eating cherries is close to zero. However, this can still lead to poisoning.
Check out what happened in Lancashire, England in July 2017 when a man broke the seeds of three cherries and ate them. Within 10 minutes, the man felt sleepy and hot enough. He was taken to the emergency room at Blackpool Victoria Hospital and diagnosed with cyanide poisoning. Thank God he recovered. Medics at the hospital said it was the first time they had met someone who was poisoned by eating the fruit seeds.
The British Columbia Drug and Poison Information Center's poison expert said problems arose when the man opened the semen and amygdalin was broken down by intestinal enzymes, releasing hydrogen cyanide in between. The agency also said that only the fruits from the cherry tree were considered non-toxic. That said, the roots, leaves, stems, twigs, bark, and everything else are poisonous. The fruit is not poisonous unless you break open the seeds.
Unfortunately this is a difficult thing. Given that dogs typically need lower doses of hydrogen cyanide to be poisoned, and there is no way our dogs can be trained not to open cherry seeds, it is entirely possible that dogs could die from eating cherries . If not, you will also experience the following symptoms:
- The onset of sudden pain or difficulty breathing
- Dilated pupils
- Bright red gums
- Shock if not dealt with immediately
This means that if your dog eats whole cherries - meat, stems, seeds, and everything - and has the above symptoms within 24 hours of ingesting the cherries, chances are your pet has been poisoned. You shouldn't waste your time. You need to take your dog to the vet so treatment can begin right away.
Often times, the vet will induce your dog to vomit in order to remove as much toxins from his digestive tract as possible. Of course, you can't expect all of the toxins to be brought out this way, so other measures may still need to be taken. Note that there have been reports of dogs dying within 2 hours of the first symptoms.
Can we give cherries to the dog?
Can you feed your dog cherries? Of course you can. BUT there is! Cherries should be given in moderation. Here are some suggestions to stick to when giving cherries to your dog.
Always remove the seeds. Amygdalin is found in cherry seeds. It is also found in the stems, leaves, and roots. Cherry pits contain amygdalin and prunasin. If cherry pits are bitten into and digested, poisonous hydrogen cyanide is formed from these substances, which hinders cell breathing. If kernels are swallowed whole, they are excreted undigested with the feces. As soon as the kernels are chewed, the cyan contained in the kernels reacts with the body's own cyanogens, producing poisonous hydrocyanic acid. Here's a great tip: if you're going to give cherries to your dog, give the meat ONLY.
Don't make the mistake of giving your canned or processed cherries. Of course, these fruits were sown, so they have to be safe, right? Also wrong! Commercially processed cherries are filled with artificial sweeteners, which can also cause problems of their own. Also, too much sugar can increase a dog's risk of developing diabetes.
Always give cherries in moderation. One or two cherries are enough. Better yet, use safer alternatives like peeled and pitted apples and blueberries. Cherries are nutritious. This fruit is high in melatonin, antioxidants, and other nutrients. However, since the main problem is the amygdalin it contains, it is best to only feed the cherry flesh. Also, stay away from canned cherries. Again, the key is moderation and adherence to the meat-only rule.
The sweet fruits are also a temptation for dogs. Your dog can easily eat up to 5 cherries a day, larger amounts can cause diarrhea and gas. Overripe fruits are carefully washed with water to remove pollutants. The core, stem and base of the stem should be removed.
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