What was the Hull House built for

Jane Addams - A woman called to do community work

Table of Contents

1 Introduction

2. Community work as a method
2.1. Definition of community work
2.2. Goals of community work

3. Historical origins
3.1. Toynbee Hall, London
3.2. Hull House, Chicago

4. Jane Addams
4.1. childhood
4.2. Youth and education
4.3. Search for a raison d'ĂȘtre
4.4. Realization through Hull House
4.5. Hull House - a boon to Chicago
4.6. Links to the community work method

5. Final Thoughts

6. Bibliography

1 Introduction

Education is a ticket to society. We all know that participation, i.e. being part of a community, cannot be taken for granted. The fact is, those who cannot show their education entrance ticket are denied participation in society. What characterizes people who are unable to participate?

In general, one can say that these people cannot really feel at home in their neighborhood, because they lack the feeling of protection and security in their living environment. At the same time, the lack of stimulation and activity prevents identification and identity. So people often do not know who they are and what they can do, they have no idea that they are doing something useful and thus could be a valuable member of the community. They are not the protagonists of their lives, but are determined by others, all of which is a license for problems and emergencies.

In order for these people to experience belonging, satisfaction of needs and, to a certain extent, self-realization, they need the aforementioned entry ticket to society. Why is education so important? The fact is that good manners and sufficient general education are part of norm-compliant action in our culture, both of which enable people to behave in a socially desirable manner. Ultimately, everyone wants to belong and get what they deserve from the pie of life.

Participation in society can be achieved through community work. Community work is a classic method of social work, how it can be defined and what goals it pursues, I will explain this in this work.

Jane Addams, a young woman from a good family, was personally looking for a meaningful career. Inspired by Toynbee Hall, Jane became aware of the plight of the poor, she recognized even then that education was the ticket to society. Education and culture can be used to integrate and involve people in society. This is what Jane Addams did with her Hull House.

It can be argued that Toynbee Hall and Hull House are the roots of community work. In this paper I will show what was special about the settlement movement. Jane Addams was a remarkably determined and successful woman. I would also like to address your life and your motivation to stand up for others. The life and work of Jane Addams should be in the foreground in this seminar paper.

2. Community work as a method

Social work has three classic, primary methods, namely individual help, group work and community work. In general, a method is an objective, personal and planned procedure with the aim of achieving something specific. The action takes place according to work steps and principles that are standardized (cf. Galuske, M .; 1998, pp. 19-29, 92).

In addition to the primary methods already mentioned, there are also secondary methods, these would be research, organization, administration, supervision and practical advice (cf. Schwendtke, A .; 1991, p. 207).

2.1. Definition of community work

One speaks of community work when

- a group of citizens, e.g. B. organized in a district
- to determine their goals and needs
- puts them in a ranking
- then developed own strength
- to achieve these goals and meet the needs
- and ultimately this process takes place under expert supervision, e.g. B. a social worker (see Schwendtke, A .; 1991, p. 107)

Community work does not focus on the individual (= individual help), not on small groups (= group work), but on social networks. I. E. the perception of social problems occurs from the social perspective. However, it is also method-integrative, i.e. H. At the same time, community work makes use of individual help or group work if the situation requires it. The focus always remains on the community (cf. Galuske, M .; 1998, pp. 90-93).

2.2. Goals of community work

As already mentioned, community work has its focus on the community. More precisely, it aims to enable citizens to tackle their social problems themselves by rediscovering and using the resource available to them (community = capital). A social worker has the task of using advice, coordination, stimulation, activation and support to get the citizens to act that is for the good of society, according to the motto: Together we can achieve a lot. Community work either has a system-maintaining or system-changing effect (cf. Galuske, M .; 1998, pp. 90-93).

The difference between community work and group work is that community work is not primarily aimed at the individual needs of the group members, but rather at the needs of the community. Secondly, however, community work satisfies the needs of the individual group members by enabling opportunities for cooperation, establishing contact and community formation. It makes people aware of latent needs and thus enables desirable changes in society (cf. Schwendtke, A .; 1991, p.107-108).

3. Historical origins

Community work has its origins in the settlement movement. Toynbee Hall and Hull House installed social space and district-related help settings as early as the end of the 19th century. Those affected and helpers worked together on an infrastructural, socio-political solution to supply problems. The living situation of those affected should be improved. In order to achieve this, self-organization had to be promoted, social networks had to be expanded and thus the close social area had to be restructured (cf. Galuske, M .; 1998, p. 89).

"Settlement work is marked (sic!) As the way to bring a larger number of people to a higher level of culture, to serve the creation of a new world, to educate people in social understanding, for independence and self-help" (Boulet, JJ; Krauss, EJ ; OelschlÀgel, D .; 1980, p. 25).

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