Chinese girls like Indian men
China: men in need
Women in danger
In Asia, the proportion of women in the total population is falling dramatically, especially in India and China: there are already 170 million women missing, and by 2025 there will be 225 million. The guilt is the privileging of male offspring, in India because of tradition and in China because of the one-child policy. Mothers are still aborting their female fetuses there. Women are the first victims - but now it is also affecting men: many can no longer find women to start a family.
The birth of a girl is still considered to be a risk factor for the family, especially in rural India: girls will get married, the groom will ask for a dowry and she will look after the in-laws in old age, not her own parents. A son not only brings a daughter-in-law into the house with a dowry, but also remains loyal to the parents and gives them security in old age. This is also how you see it in China - there the one-child policy enacted in 1979 made the situation even worse for girls. The introduction of ultrasound diagnosis in India and China has meant that for many years pregnant women have primarily wanted to know what gender the newborn will be - if it is not a boy, then they abort the child.
India and China have recognized the problem and in both countries they are trying to tackle the targeted abortion of girls, mainly through awareness-raising campaigns - in the big cities things are gradually changing, but in the countryside it will take time for people to learn to rethink. China announced the end of the one-child policy in November 2015, and couples are now allowed to have two children. But it will probably take at least another generation before the imbalance between male and female newborns that has been produced over 35 years is evened out.
In 1995, South Korea passed laws against targeted abortion on the basis of sex - there, too, they had privileged male offspring until then.
In Vietnam, the authorities enacted a two-child policy for decades to limit the rapid population increase after the end of the Vietnam War from 1975 onwards. Since then, men have also been in the majority here: there are only 100 girls for every 112 newborn boys. In 2011, the government relaxed the family planning directive, and since then parents have been allowed to have a third child under certain conditions.
In one country in the world, however, there are many more women than men: in Russia. This is due to the widespread alcoholism among men there - it thins their ranks dramatically. For this reason, Russian women have been looking for spouses abroad for a good ten years, especially in the West.
Christophe Huber and Uwe Lothar Müller
China: Born with no right to life
In April 2015, the sensitive report by Marjolaine Grappe showed the consequences of the one-child policy for the second-born in China.
See the report (again)
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