How can automation create jobs
Will intelligent robots soon make us all unemployed?
Digitization creates winners and losers
According to the study mentioned above, by the digitalization Jobs are being cut, according to the scientists especially around Routine tasks. In the future, employees will not have to process 1,000 identical processes in one go. Instead, a software robot can take over this task. In addition to faster processing, the company and the customer benefit from a standardized process. The employee also benefits from this approach, because their own workforce can be meaningfully and profitably brought in in other fields of activity.
The new jobs are usually characterized by more complex tasksand requirements for the employee out. For researchers, analytical and interactive professions are on the rise. In order to carry out these professions, however, employees need a higher level of education. Accordingly, the researchers expect noticeable effects on the labor market. Companies either have to train their own workforce or acquire new employees. This development is positive for these employees, because positions with above-average qualifications in particular could be rewarded with a higher salary in the future. In contrast, in the low-wage sector, only low growth rates are to be expected in terms of salaries.
The positive influence of digitization on the economy
Critics are skeptical of digitization and also expect falling prosperity. Developments to date show that this fear is unfounded. While bank employees used to pay out cash to customers, this task is now taken over by an ATM. However, the employees in question did not receive any notice of termination, but found a new, more demanding task in direct customer service. The work in the affected companies became more effective and efficient.
If she Industry 4.0 actually led to an improvement in the processes, may be an open question. However, it is undisputed that the focus on new technologies has positive effects on the development of working conditions. As a rule, the number of employees increases first to ensure successful change. However, this development does not last forever.
Overall, there are two decisive factors that determine whether digitization leads to job cuts or job additions. Basically, a new technology has to open up new activities and revenue opportunities. In addition, productivity in the company must increase so that costs and prices decrease.
Education - the most important factor for successful digital transformation
Already in the year 1930 sketched the economist John Maynard Keynes, an optimistic picture of the future. Too optimistic, as it turns out today. Because, according to Keynes, machines should take on so many tasks by 2030 that the Average working time on the job market 15 hours per week lies. The rest of the time the workers could use for pleasure and leisure. Realistic estimates are currently based on a weekly working time of 25 to 30 studies, which can be achieved through the automation of processes.
Much more important than the discussion about the average weekly working time is the question of what skills and educational level must tomorrow's employees have in order to survive in the digital world of work. Due to the multitude of multidisciplinary support alternatives emerging that digitization opens up for companies, the Requirements for future employees change significantly. There will hardly be any need for employees who carry out simple and / or repetitive work.
Additional qualifications as an accountant are of little use to the individual employee. The probability that intelligent software will do an accountant's job is 98 percent. Creative people With math and science skills are ideally qualified to work in the digitized and automated working world of tomorrow. In the future, employees don't have to be IT programmers, but they should be a basic one Understanding of analytical and technical issues to have. You should be able to understand the basic structures of the automation processes and algorithms. The future belongs neither to absolute automation nor to maintaining obsolete forms of employment, but to Symbiosis of people and machines.
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