Are Italians racist

Which foreigners are most discriminated against?

Dislike for certain groups of foreigners can shift over a certain period of time or even turn into the opposite. Different groups of foreigners apply today as well integrated and inconspicuous, although just a few years ago they were perceived as extremely annoying and inappropriate.

They were until the 1970s Italians the epitome of the foreigner, the foreigner who were to be rejected and ostracized. In the xenophobic rhetoric, they were insulted as alien intruders. Today they are an integral part of Swiss society: who is not proud of a certain “Italianità”?

Later, around the mid-1980s, were Tamils decried as drug traffickers, terrorists and people who cannot be integrated. Today they are regularly named in surveys, after the Tibetans, as the most popular foreigners of non-European origin. They are considered inconspicuous, hardworking and adapted.

At the beginning of the nineties of the 20th century it was (Kosovar) Albaniansthat were hostile everywhere. This has subsided a little, but they, together with all people from the countries of the former Yugoslavia, still have great difficulties in being accepted: young people cannot find jobs, naturalizations are rejected, etc.

From chapter 6.3 onwards, the report by the Office for Combating Racism deals with four population groups who are either particularly at risk of becoming victims of racist discrimination or behavior in Switzerland, or who are subject to the prohibition of discrimination in accordance with the Council of Europe's Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities: Jews, Muslims, blacks as well as sedentary and traveling Yeniche, Sinti / Manouche and Roma.

Triggered by the intensification of the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians in summer 2014, the social networks in particular recorded an increase in discriminatory statements, threats of violence and hate speech against Jews.

Muslims in Switzerland are very different due to their origins and cultural backgrounds and also very different in relation to questions of faith differently set. The vast majority say they do not or rarely practice and are not members of an Islamic organization. Actions hostile to Islam and Muslims range from racist discrimination in the field of education, in working life or in the case of naturalization to violent attacks on Muslims, attacks on mosques or Islamic centers.

black experience racism and discriminatory acts, especially in public spaces, in contact with authorities, in the world of work or when living. Is crucial to anti-black racism only the color of the skin of the person - whether this person has been here for generations or has only just arrived, well integrated or not. Anti-black racism shows that integration measures alone are not enough, but that measures to dismantle discriminatory practices, statements and attitudes are necessary.

Further information can also be found at "Monitoring and reporting".

“Black people in Switzerland”, FCR

Revue “Interdialogos”, n ° 1 2007, “Être Africain en Suisse” (French)

Sedentary and wandering Yeniche

Of the around 30,000–40,000 Yeniche and Sinti (Manouche in French-speaking Switzerland) around 3000–5000 maintain a semi-nomadic way of life, although the vast majority of them now live sedentary. The majority is Jenisch, in addition there is a small number of Sinti / Manouche. Those who follow a driving way of life can only practice their semi-nomadic way of life to a limited extent, mainly due to the lack of standing and passage places. This although a federal court decision stipulates that the land use planning must provide for zones and suitable spaces that are suitable for the stay of travelers and correspond to their traditional way of life, as this enjoys constitutional protection (BGE 129 II 321). The Swiss Yeniche and Sinti, whether traveling or not, are part of the European Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities recognized minorityagainst which the federal government and cantons have a special duty to protect. Nevertheless, the mobile way of life poses challenges in areas such as social security law, liability law and education, which can lead to discrimination.

Most of them Romawho immigrated to Switzerland due to political events in Eastern Europe and Southeastern Europe are today fully integrated and are not recognizable as Roma for outsiders. Groups of traveling Roma from other European countries (especially from France and Italy) who cross Switzerland in the warm season are just passing through, which attracts a lot of media attention. After all, there is a small number of Roma (beggars, young people on the tour of thieves, prostitutes) who dominate the local media reports and thus shape our image of the Roma in general. The Swiss media often show an image of the Roma that deviates significantly from the reality of the majority of Roma and reduces them to negative characteristics.

Different institutions record racist or discriminatory Behaviors and attitudes. An overview of this, as well as of the changes in racist incidents in Switzerland over the past twenty years, is provided in the data section of the report by the specialist agency for combating racism.

The Federal Commission against Racism FCR and the Federal Commission for Migration Issues FCM have published various publications on the subject, which can be found on the corresponding websites.

The State Secretariat for Migration SEM also publishes publications on some countries of origin of the population groups residing in Switzerland: SEM country of origin information

The Federal Office for Culture FOC publishes regular reports on the “Yenish, Sinti, Roma” action plan.