Where does the color purple come from

The impressionist painter Claude Monet showed the depth effect a violet can develop with his water lily pictures. In your iris bed in the garden you sink dreamily into the purple of the sea of ​​flowers and can almost smell the scent. This picture was taken in France almost at the same time as the Art Nouveau movement that was emerging in Vienna around 1900. Violet was also very popular there at the time. The Austrian painter Gustav Klimt (1862–1918) added violet to the Portrait of Emilie Flöge a. Emilie was Klimt's partner and one of the most colorful figures of Viennese bohemianism. Klimt designed corset-free dresses for Emilies' salon, which were intended as reform dresses for women's rights activists.
Gustav Klimt: Detail from the portrait of Emilie Flöge
Made in 1902, oil on canvas, size of the entire picture 191 × 84 cm
The contrast in color symbolism is also reflected in the fine arts: in Tizians Bacchanal of the Andrians (1518), when looking at the purple robes of the half-naked and dancing figures, one immediately thinks of the violet-blue of the grapes or of the red wine. The Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) often used a dark purple purple for depictions of robes, as was the case with the Madonna im Burial of Count Orgaz (1586). In other paintings, too, Mary's robe occasionally appears purple rather than blue. The color purple symbolizes the connection between mother earth and the spirituality of heaven.
In the Catholic Church, purple is the color of the bishops, they sometimes wear purple cassocks at public appearances, while the cardinals are dressed in red. Since the order of Pope Paul II in 1464, cardinals have been wearing robes dyed with kermes. Today the natural dyes no longer play a role in bishop's and cardinal robes, purple and red are produced by cheap synthetic substitute dyes. In Advent and Lent, purple is the liturgical color. Then priests also wear violet robes or the altar is decorated in violet. The color can be worn by priests at funeral services as a substitute for the color black. Purple is the color of repentance and humility. The Catholic priest wears a purple stole at confession, the curtains of the confessional are purple. Purple is also a color of the Reformed Church. White flags with a purple cross are the symbol of the Protestant church days.
According to popular belief, the color purple has healing powers, but it is also the color of death. During executions in Egypt, the convict wears a black shirt, red trousers and a purple hood. Lepers used to be recognized by their purple complexion. In the case of blue rash (cyanosis), the lips and skin take on a blue-violet color. The cause lies in an insufficient supply of oxygen to the blood. In young children, cyanosis can be triggered by an overdose of nitrate or nitrite in the diet.
Amethyst from Boutenhouthoek / South Africa


This "cactus amethyst" shows clear artichoke growth.
The amethyst is assigned to the month of February in line with Lent. Earlier amulets were worn with the stone to ward off the effects of alcohol. The amethyst was also said to protect against magic and evil thoughts. Purple is the color of magic, witches, fairies, wizards. “Violet is the innermost color of the rainbow, it turns into the invisible ultraviolet. Violet marks the border between the visible and the invisible. "[Lit Heller 2000, p. 204] Violet represents the border to invisible ultraviolet light. During twilight and at dawn a violet twilight arises. This creates a connection to the subconscious and to the dreams. Purple Haze (purple mist) is a track from the album Are You Experienced? by Jimi Hendrix. The term stands for a whole generation of rock music in which psycho drugs played a major role in expanding consciousness. Deep Purple was the most important hard rock group of the first generation. Purple Rain is a 1984 album by Prince.
"The Purple Hand" became a symbol of the American gay movement. In the 1980s, the red AIDS ribbon came up. Today, homosexual men prefer to identify with the color red, the color of energy and the masculine. Pink as the color of gays is also no longer so common. In the women's movement, violet or purple played a crucial role. The women's rights movement in England at the end of the 19th century called themselves suffragettes. suffrage, Right to vote). While women in England were not allowed to vote in 1870, the suffragettes had their rights enforced in 1918. In Germany the right to vote for women was introduced a year later, in France in 1944 and in Switzerland only in 1971. The symbol of the suffragettes contained the colors green, white and purple. Their clothes were recognized by these colors. Men who supported the movement wore appropriate ties and hats. The purple symbolized the right to vote, the white the honor and the green the hope of a new beginning. The 1970s women's power badge featured a purple fist in the purple Venus symbol.