What happened to the destroyer USS Lawson
Updated Oct 15, 2020
1st US Combat Area Northwest Pacific
Aircraft of the Task Force TF.58 attack on 1.3. Coastal facilities, airfields and shipping in the Okinawa area. The torpedo boat Manazuru, the miner Tsubame and 11 ships are sunk. The destroyer escort Fukue, the mine sweeper Nuwajima, the torpedo boat Tomozuru will be damaged. On 2.3. become the cruiser Biloxi by coastal artillery and the destroyer Bennett damaged by a bomb failure off Iwojima. There are also several collisions with landing ships (LST). —The light cruisers Vincennes, Miami and San Juan bombard Japan together with 8 destroyers of the TG.58.1. Positions in Okino Daito Jima (Ryukyu Islands) and on 2.3. shoots at the destroyer squadron Desdiv 109 of TG.58.3 Einrichtingen in Parece Vela.
Air War Western Europe
Mine offensive of the RAF Bomber Command: 243 sorties are flown in 15 nights. Destinations are norway. and the Danish coast, the Kattegat, Helgoland, the German Bight, the Baltic Sea in the area of Kiel, Flensburg, Eckernförde and the central Baltic Sea (see March 5-31). Mosquitos throw mines in the Kiel Canal. Seven planes are lost. —On 2.3. the tractor runs Rixhöft with assistance for the run on a British air mine U 3519 before Warnemünde also hits a mine and sinks. On 3/10 the German freighter sinks North trip (ex Hammonia, 2543 GRT) in the Bay of Kiel, on March 21. the auxiliary minesweeper M 3827 in the northern Sund approach, on 23.3. the Norwegian freighter sinks Utviken (3502 GRT) in the Kattegat near Sjaellands Odde.
Americ. Submarine attacks on the Japanese supply lines.
South of Honshu sunk Sterlet (LtCdr. Lewis) on 1.3. the freighter Tateyama M. (1148 GRT), on March 5th the tanker Tamon M. No.4 (approx. 1000 GRT), Bowfin (Cdr. Tyree) sunk on 2.3. the guard boat Chokai M. (135 GRT), Trepang (LtCdr. Faust) sinks the auxiliary gunboat on March 3rd Nissho M. No.2 (1386 GRT) and on 9.3. the guard boats Kaiko M. (139 GRT) and Tsukiyura M. (115 GRT). On March 5th damaged Tilefish (Cdr Keithley) in front of Akuke Jima the mine sweeper W-15, which thereby becomes a total loss. Ronquil (LtCdr. Monroe) damaged on March 31st a small vehicle.
South of Kyushu sunk Tilefish (LtCdr. Schlech) on March 4th the little vehicle Siko M. and on 5.3. the minesweeper W-15. On March 5th Has Haddock a miss. Tirante (Cdr. Street) sunk on 25.3. Auxiliary net layers Fuji M. (703 GRT), on March 28th the freighter Nose M. (1218 GRT) and on March 30th the guard boat Eikichi M. (19 GRT). Threadfin (LtCdr. Foote) sunk on March 28th the frigate Mikura and damaged three loggers and two tugs. In japan. Operate in waters Devilfish, Hackleback, Kingfish, Picuda, Pogy and Silversides without success. Devilfish (LtCdr Mann) will be on March 20. Damaged by a kamikaze plane in front of the Volcano Islands.
Off the Ryukyu Islands Has Plaice on 1.3. a miss, Jumper (Cdr. Kefauver) sunk on March 18th the APD T-18 and likely damaging the mine sweeper W-17. On March 18 sunk Trigger (Cdr. Connole) the freighter Tsukushi M. No. 3 (1012 GRT) and on March 27th the cable layer Odate (1564 GRT), but is even on 28.3. near Nansei Shoto (in the East China Sea) by a naval aircraft and a Japanese ship formation with the frigate Mikura and the corvettes Kaibokan 33 and Kaibokan 59 sunk. Seahorse (LtCdr Wilkins) will be on the 23.3. Damaged by an aerial bomb off the Ryukyu Islands.
In the yellow sea sunk Balao (Cdr. Worthington) on March 18th the trawler Daito M. No.2 (188 GRT), on 19.3. the vans Hakozaki M. (10,413 GRT) and Tatsuharu M. (6345 GRT, aground) and the trawler Daito M. No.1 (156 GRT) and three other trawlers, on March 21. it will likely damage the freighter Azusa M. (1370 GRT), on March 26th it sinks the ammunition transporter Shinto M. No. 1 (884 GRT). On March 28 sunk Tench (LtCdr. Baskett) two trawlers.
In the East China Sea sunk Razorback (LtCdr. Brown) on March 5th two small vehicles, on 6th and 9th March one sailor each. Sea Cat has on 6.3. only misses. Kete (LtCdr. Ackermann) sunk on 10.3. the transporter Keizan M. (2116 GRT) as well as the freighters Sanka M. (2495 GRT) and Dokan M. (2270 GRT), but goes on the march back on March 20th. lost before Nansei Shoto (probably by the Japanese submarine Ro-41). Segundo (LtCdr. Fulp) sunk on March 11th. the freighter Shori M. (3087 GRT) and Spadefish (Cdr. Germershausen) on March 23rd the transporter Doryo M. (2274 GRT). Crevalle, grouper, Pompon, Sea Fox, Tigrone, Tinosa and Trutta remain unsuccessful.
In the Strait of Formosa sunk Spot (LtCdr. Post) on March 16 the transporter Ikomasan M. (3173 BRT), on March 17th. the freighter Nanking M. (3005 GRT). Operated on Formosa Street Burrfish, stay on Luzon Street Bang and Snook without success.
Around Hainan and off the Indo-Chinese coast sunk Baya (LtCdr. Jarvis) on March 4th the tanker Palembang M. (5236 GRT) and leads Bashaw approached convoy HI.98. Bashaw (LtCdr. Nichols) sunk from it on March 5th. the tankers Seishin M. (5239 GRT) and Ryoei M. (10,016 GRT). Peto will be on 5.3. Damaged by aerial bombs off Hainan. Blueback (LtCdr. Clemenson) sunk on March 12th, March 22nd. and 30.3. a total of 5 coasters. Sunk off the coast of Indochina Baya (LtCdr. Jarvis) on March 20th the auxiliary net layer Kainan M. (525 GRT), Blenny (LtCdr. Hazzard) sunk on March 20th from convoy HI.88 the tankers Nanshin M. No.21 (834 GRT) and Pants M. (1039 GRT) and the fishing vessel Yamakuni M. (500 GRT). skirt brings supplies to Lombok and on March 27th a miss, Bluegill (LtCdr. Barr) sunk on March 29th. the tanker Honan M.(5542 GRT) and Hammerhead (LtCdr. Smith) sunk on March 29th. the corvette Kaibokan 84, possibly also Kaibokan 18 and Kaibokan 130, (According to US data, these are sunk during a simultaneous air attack, see below) and damaged Kaibokan 134.
In the Java Sea sunk Sea robin (Cdr. Stimson) on 3.3. the transporter Suites M. (1805 GRT) and on 5.3. the auxiliary gunboat Manyo M. (2904 GRT), the freighter Shoyu M. (855 GRT) and the auxiliary net-laying machine Nagara M. (855 GRT), on 8.4. two smaller vehicles, Bream (LtCdr. McCallum) sunk on March 13th. a smaller vehicle and auxiliary underground fighters Keihin M. (76 GRT) sunk and damaged another coastal vessel. it will be damaged by depth charges during a counterattack.
2. British combat area Malaya Archipelago
On the Malaya Archipelago: On 3.3. brings Tuna Supplies to the north coast of Borneo. On March 17th attacked Sealion (LtCdr. Putnam) in front of Yushijma the convoy TAMO.49, secured by the frigate Ikina, the corvette Kaibokan 41 and the mine sweeper W-17, sinks the thail out of it. Tanker Samui (1458 GRT) and damages another, which is then sunk by an airplane, but Sealion comes to harm itself. On March 20 brings Perch Supply to the east coast of Borneo and achieved on March 22nd. western Borneo a missed shot at a telecommunications vessel (English: "communication vessel").
In the South China Sea stay Bergall, Blackfin (damaged on March 28th by depth charges) Blueback, boarfish, croaker, flounder, guavina and Octopuses without success. Gabilan, Gurnard and skirt return to Pearl Harbor from Australia. Bullhead, Cabrilla and Cod relocated from Pearl Harbor to Fremantle.
Successes British submarines in the Malacca Strait and the Malaya Archipelago: The British submarines Supreme, Clyde, Sturdy, Sea Dog, Scythian, Subtle, Spirit, Thrasher, Torbay, Stygian, Rorqual, Thule, Spark, Trenchant, Terrapin and Seascout continue to wage war against junks and small steamers. In addition, sink Clyde(LtCdr Bull) on March 4th the auxiliary underground hunter Kiku M. (233 GRT), Trenchant(LtCdr Hezlet) and Terrapin(LtCdr Brunner) on March 4th together the underground hunter Ch-8. Stygian (Lt. Clarabut) damaged on March 27th. the mine layer Wakataka.
Mediterranean / Aegean
A British combat group manned by 500 men and supported by the destroyer Liddesdale the island of Piskopi northwest of Rhodes.
Waters around England / North Atlantic
Off the British West Coast:U 1302 (Kptlt. Herwartz) sunk on 2.3. the freighters King Edgar (British, 4536 GRT) and Novasli (norw., 3204 BRT) from convoy SC.167, but after a lengthy hunt it is on March 7th. through the canada. Frigates La Hulloise, Strathadam and Thetford Mines sunk by the 25th Escort Group. Crosses in the same area U 775 (Kptlt. Taschenmacher), takes effect on March 2. unsuccessfully arrives at a convoy, but escapes the guard. On March 6th it damaged the brit Empire Geraint from convoy MH.44. U 483 (Kptlt. Von Morstein) is after a miss on 3.3. on a corvette on 7.3. in the morning from the British corvette Lady Madeleine rammed while snorkeling, and has to return to Trondheim damaged. Reports in the southern part of the Irish Sea U 1019 on March 12th a ship torpedoed, but there is no corresponding loss report, on 16.3. it is attacked by an aircraft with sonar buoys and acoustic torpedoes, but escapes.U 260 will be on 12.3. damaged on a mine in the restricted area »CF A« and had to sink itself. U 681, which was released on 6.3. has missed a guard, on 11.3. by running onto a rocky reef north-west. Bishops rock damaged and subsequently through Liberator 'N' the VPB-103 USN sunk U 246 (Kptlt. Raabe) is lost on the Isle of Man in mid-March for unknown reasons.U 321 may be on 2.4. west of the English Channel of Wellington 'Y' the Polish Sq. 304 sunk by the RAF. U 296 (Kptlt. Rasch) is about the 12.3. Lost off the North Canal, probably on a mine in the "T1" or "T2" restricted areas. U 1021 may go on 14.3. Lost in front of Trevose Head by a mine hit on the barrier "A1" or "ZME25".
In the English Channel: U 275 (Oblt.z.S. Wehrkamp) sunk on 8.3. from the convoy ONA.289 the brit. Lornaston (4934 BRT), but goes on March 10th. lost on a mine off Seaford. U 1169 goes after 8.3. Lost for unknown reason southwest of Ireland or in the Channel. Southwest Ireland attacks U 1202 (Kptlt. Thomsen) on March 21st unsuccessfully called an escort group and 2 convoys. Sink from coastal convoys U 399 (Oblt.z.S. Buhse) on March 21st the americ. "Liberty" freighter James Eagan Lane (7176 GRT, torpedoed, total loss) and on March 26th the netherlands Coaster Pacific (362 GRT), U 315 (Oblt.z.S. Zoller) on March 22nd from the coastal convoy TBC.103 the Empire Kingsley (6996 GRT) and on March 29th from a canada. Search group the frigate Teme (1370 t, torpedoed, total loss), U 1195 (Kptlt. Cordes) on March 21st the americ. John R. Park (7184 GRT). U 1002 and U 953 operate unsuccessfully in and west of the canal. Support groups are set up against these submarines, of which the 3rd EG with its guide boat, the DE Duckworth, on March 26th U 399 sunk. On 6.4. engages U 1195 The convoy VWP.16 arrives in the canal and sinks the troop transport Cuba (11,420 GRT), but is itself used by the security destroyer Watchman sunk.
Sunk on the Scottish east coast U 714 (Kptlt. Schwebke) on March 10th the norway. Minesweeping trawlers Nordhav and on March 14th the swed. Magne (1226 GRT), but is immediately followed by the new South African. frigate natal and the British destroyer Wivern sunk. The new Type XXIII boat sunk in front of St. Abb's U 2321 (Oblt.z.S. perch gravel) on April 5th the British freighter Gasray (1406 GRT). — U 778 operates unsuccessfully off the Moray Firth. U 978 takes effect on 4th and 6th April off the Pentland Firth first a freighter and then an aircraft carrier without hitting.
Operates in the Hebrides and North Minch area U 1104 and repeatedly attacked convoys without success. U 1005 missed on 3.3. an escort off Cape Wrath. On March 16 sunk U 722 (Oblt.z.S. Reimers) the dan. Inger Toft (2190 GRT) from convoy RU.156, on March 21. collides in the north channel U 1003 underwater with the frigate New Glasgow from the canada. 26. Escort group dealing with Beacon Hill, Jonquière, Ribble, Sussexvale located on the hunt for submarines. From the 25th Escort Group that has been called, the kanad participate. Frigates Strathadam, La Hulloise and Thetford Mines in the search, the latter finds the survivors of the 23.3. self-submerged boat. The 21st Escort Group with the destroyers escort is now against the submarines in the Minch area Conn, Rupert, Deane in the North, Fitzroy, Redmill and Byron in the south. On March 27 sinks the southern group U 722 and U 905, on March 30th sinks the northern group U 965. The end of the month will be U 1109 ordered to the North Minch area, but had to return to Bergen from the North Sea due to machine damage.
Between the Shetland-Faroe Islands and the North Canal are monitored by air Liberators derRAF-Sq. 86, 120 and 224 achieved the following successes in the last decade of March and at the beginning of April, but are in some cases considered to have not been conclusively clarified: The attack of the Liberator 'B' the No. 86 Squ. RAF on March 20 probably does not apply U 905, but probably follows. the radar contact to a surface target (short: "non-sub contact"). The attack of the Liberator 'M' the 120th Sq. RAF applies U 1003, that can escape damaged, and not U 296. On March 29 becomes U 1106 by Liberator 'O' the RAF Sq. 224 sunk.
North Atlantic: Sunk by the boats returning from St. Nazaire U868 (Oblt.z.S. Turre) on March 17th the canada. Minesweeper Guysborough and march to Norway. The 2nd EG with the frigate Loch Ruthven and the sloop Wild goose takes effect on 12.3. southwest from Lands End mistakenly the wreck of U 247 († 1.9.44). Before Reykjavik (Iceland) cruises to no avail U 773, as a weather boat is intermittent U 1064 used. At the canada. Atlantic coast sink the US DEs Lowe, Pride, Menges and Mosley on 3/18 the one that had just arrived in the operations area off Halifax U 866 (Oblt.z.S. Rogowsky), the canada. 16th Escort Group no longer comes close.
Mediterranean / Adriatic
Aircraft of British Squadrons 34 SAAF and 178 RAF lay mine barriers in front of the approaches to Venice (48 air mines) and Pola (29 air mines). Both companies remain unsuccessful.
3. Evacuation alongside Kolberg in Pomerania.
In the Yulinakan Bay off the Hainan Peninsula, RAAF aircraft lay down on March 3rd. Mines on which the Japanese fleet tanker Hario (18500 GRT) sinks. —On one on 4.3. Mine dropped by the 14th USAAF Air Force near Kiangying (China) on the Yangtze River sinks on 19.3. the Japanese river gunboat Suma. —From March 1st to 11th RAAF and USAAF bomber squadrons attack ship targets off the French Indochina coast, sink and damage numerous, mostly smaller ships, some of them from convoys.
Soviet. Advance against Western Pomerania. On February 26 From the area east of Stargard, the armies of the 1st Belarusian front attack in the direction of the Szczecin Lagoon and Kolberg; from the Friedland area a part of the 2nd Belarusian front advances in the direction of Koslin. is taken from the 3rd Guards Cavalry Corps. In the west, the 2nd Guards Panzer Army reached on March 3rd. the Stettiner Haff, the 1st Guards Panzer Army and the Polish 1st Army the area in front of Kolberg, the 3rd shock army at Dievenov the transition to Wollin.In order to cover the bridgehead opposite Wollin, on 9.3. Combat Group 2 with the cruiser Admiral Scheer, the destroyers Z 31 (KKpt. Paul), Z 38,Paul Jacobi and the T-boat T 35 used. From March 11-18 support Z 34, Z 43 and T 33 the approximately 2500-3000 defenders of the 7.3. The enclosed Kolberg fortress, in order to enable the evacuation of the people who had been cut off here with the help of ferry boats of the 11th L-Flotilla and with the support of the 5th Artillery Carrier Flotilla. They are partly on the transporters in the roadstead West Prussia (2870 GRT) and Winrich von Kniprode (10123 GRT) or the warships reloaded. On the night of 17/18 March the evacuation of around 75,000 refugees and soldiers as well as the wounded has been completed.
Mediterranean / Tyrrhenian Sea
The speedboat operated by the X. MAS flotilla is off La Spezia MAS 502 mistakenly shot at by German field artillery and must be beached. It is later brought up by a marine ferry company. When being brought into La Spezia MAS 502 rammed by a war transport and total loss (DDK VIII, 502).
RAF mine offensive: In March, 1198 mines were thrown in 270 sorties, on which 26 ships with 69,449 GRT sank and 11 ships with 48,557 GRT were damaged. — On March 5th goes before Warnemünde U 3519 lost by a hit on the air mine barrier »Sweet Pea I«. The refugee transporter Hansa (21,131 GRT) sinks on March 6th at lightship Gedser. On 7.3. the van sinks Hamburg (22,117 GRT) before Saßnitz, on March 12th. the Ravensburg (1069 GRT) in front of Swinoujscie. On March 14th the training ship sinks northwest of Fehmarn Hugo Zeye, on March 15th the icebreaker in front of Warnemünde Castor (5150 GRT). On March 17th sinks Rixhöft (5378 BRT) in front of Warnemünde, on March 21st the Renate (218 GRT, 52 dead) in the Stettiner Haff, on March 27th the Venus (261 GRT) in front of Arkona. (see also RAF mine offensive Western Europe 1.- 31.3.45)
Soviet. Mine submarines: An on 8.3. through the sowj. Submarine L-21 (Kpt. 3.Rg. Mogilevskij, on board Div.Chef, Kpt. 1.Rg. Orel) laid mine barrier in front of Hela, on the 14.3. the T-boats T 3 (Kptlt. V. Diest †) and T 5 (Oblt.z.S. Wätjen), on March 15th probably too U 367 sink and on the 10.4. destroyer Z 43 damaged. On two more mine barriers from L-3 on March 23 before Rixhöft and Lembite on March 30th The minesweepers sink in front of Kolberg M 3138 and the backup boat Vs 343. Sinking on mines off the Swedish coast on 7.3. Peter of Danzig (ex Laura, ex Isebek, 841 GRT), in the Gdańsk Bay on March 18. the Orion (ex-holl., 1722 BRT) and the Kiel (250 GRT), on March 22nd the Frankfurt (1186 GRT). (Continued March 7-31)
Air War Germany
On March 6th Attack of group No.5 RAF Bomber Command with 191 Lancasters and 7 Mosquitos of the port of Saßnitz. The German destroyer Z 28, the underground hunters UJ 1109 and UJ 1119 and the hospital ship Robert Möhring (3344BRT, 353 dead) are sunk and an aircraft is lost. — On March 8/9 The RAF bomber command attacks the port area of Hamburg with 312 aircraft from Groups 4, 6 and 8. The passenger steamer Robert Ley will be damaged. An airplane is lost.
Operations in German small combat units. On March 6th During preparations for a mission, 14 one-man submarines of the "Biber" type are destroyed and 9 are damaged when a torpedo is triggered in an accident in the Rotterdam harbor basin. Nevertheless, 11 "beavers" leave for a mission in the Scheldt estuary that same evening, none of which returns. As a success they are awarded the sinking of three Allied vehicles with 255 GRT.
At the beginning of March 10 small submarines of the type »Seehund« leave Ijmuiden off the British coast of Cape North Foreland. five, on 9.3. three and on March 11 and 16 one boat at a time. MTB 675 sinks one of them, the frigate Torrington two and Beaufighter 'F' the 254th Sqn. RAF one. —During the same period, 9 "seals" run off the coast of East Anglia for operations: on March 6th. four, on March 9, 11 and 16 one boat at a time. On 3/10 reports U 5364 (Lt.z.S. Lanz / L.I. Müller) Attack with 2 torpedoes on a destroyer (unconfirmed). On March 13 sinks the boat of Lt.z.S. Huber and L.I. Eckloff before Southwold the Canada. freighter Taber Park (2878 GRT). In return, 5 brit. BYMS- Clearance boats of the 165th MS Flotilla, apparently to sink a "seal" with depth charges off Orford (Matthes, 130).
On the night of March 10, 11 speedboats of the 4th, 6th and 9th S-Flotilla mine the entrances to the Wester-Scheldt. They are captured by the RAF Coastal Command, but are able to escape taking them Swordfish, G ’ the 119th Sqn. Shoot down RAF. —On March 11th / 12th a combined operation takes place against the Allied shipping traffic to Antwerp. S-boats, 15 "beavers", 14 "newts" and 27 "lenses" leave Rotterdam and Hellevoetsluis, 13 "beavers", 9 "newts" and 16 "lenses" do not return. 12 casualties can be assigned to allied units. (Whitley, 130). A mine operation by the 6th S-Flotilla in the Scheldt area and an attack by the 2nd and 5th S-Flotilla on a northern convoy off Sheringham are canceled due to very poor visibility. —Also in the night of 13/14 March a combined mine and torpedo operation of the 2nd, 4th, 5th, 6th and 9th S-Flotilla in the Great Yarmouth / Cromer area is canceled due to poor visibility.
4. Attack by the Banff Strike Wing on Aalesund.
Attack by the "Banff Strike Wing" with 40 mosquitos on naval ferry boats in the Kattegat, which are secured by boats of the 16th V-Flotilla. F 200, F 218, F 285, V 1610 and V 1612 are sunk with guns and missiles. Heavy anti-aircraft defense forces several planes to return to Scotland. Mosquito 'O'/ 235 and 'R'/ 248 collide with each other during the attack and are lost.
Mediterranean / Tyrrhenian Sea
On 7.3. become PT 305 and PT 307 attacked by own planes; no damages. Attacks on German coastal convoys lead to collisions between PT 304 and PT 308 (9.3.) And PT 305 and PT 303 (17.3.).
Soviet. Advance against the Gotenhafen-Danzig area. On 7.3. enters the 2nd Belarus. Front from the line Köslin – Weichsel near Marienwerder to attack. The German 2nd Army is thrown back on the Rixhöft – Neustadt – Karthaus line, where it temporarily succeeds in stabilizing the front with the support of naval artillery and gaining valuable time to transport refugees away. From 10.3. is the cruiser Prinz Eugen (Kpt.z.S. Reinicke) in action, from 15.3. the old ship of the line Silesia (Kpt.z.S. H.-E. Busch), also the SAT OEM, Joost, Baltic Sea and the artillery school boat Dragon. On March 21 must the Silesia expire due to lack of ammunition, but on 23.3. the cruiser Lützow (Kpt.z.S. Knoke) with Z 31 and Z 34 a. From 25.3. The makeshift cruiser also takes part Leipzig (KKpt. Bach) at the land target shooting.
The Soviet Navy Air Force, especially the 9th Attack Aircraft Division (OTL Slepenko) and 8th Mine Torpedo Flying Division (Colonel Kurotskin), flies missions in 2023 against the embarkations in Danzig, Gotenhafen and off Hela. To secure the transporters, destroyers, T-boats, M-boats, smaller auxiliary warships, etc. before Hela the steamer Borbeck (6002 GRT), on March 12th northeast of Rixhöft the transporter Gerrit Fritzen (ex-swed Bohus, 1761 BRT) and in front of Kolberg the minesweeper auxiliary M 3137, on March 18 at Scholpin the transporter Orion (Wed., 1722 GRT) lost to air raids that Ellen (565BRT) is damaged, also on 19.3. on the Gotenhafen roadstead Lisa Essberger (1172 GRT). On March 22nd sinks Frankfurt (Mine, 1186 GRT), on March 26th. sink Bille (Bomb, 665 GRT) and Weser (Bomb, 999 GRT). But it succeeds before the fall of Gotenhaven on March 28th. and Danzig on March 30th several more large transporters and numerous smaller ships overloaded with refugees to run west. So has the Germany on March 23 again 11.145 and on 28.3. even 11,295 people on board that Potsdam over 9000, and even U 3505 (Oblt.z.S. Willner) runs - contrary to orders - with 105 children and young people and 3 women below deck to Travemünde. In Gotenhafen on March 27th shortly before the Soviets took it, the wreckage of the battleship, which was not ready to go, Gneisenau sunk as a block ship.
Between 1st and 8th March leads the Soviet submarine K-52 (Kpt. 3.Rg. Travkin) carried out a whole series of apparently unsuccessful torpedo attacks in his area of operations between the Bay of Danzig and Stolpebank and then had to return to his base - fired. Then operated on K-53 (Kpt. 3.Rg. Jarosévich) in the area of the Stolpe-Bank and sunk on 17.3. the freighter Margarethe Cords (1912 GRT). L-21 sunk in front of Kolberg on 23.3. the outpost boat V 2022, in the night of March 24th the tug Erni, and is removed from the escort boat after unsuccessful attacks in the following days F 8 and the minesweeper TS 4 hunted with wabos.
Liberators (B 24) of the 10th USAAF attack shipping in the Andaman Sea and sink a freighter.
On 8.3. throws a bandage with the mine ships Ostmark, Lorraine,Linz, the destroyer Karl Galster and the T-boats T 17 and T 20 the mine barrier "Titus II".
The M boats M 412, M 432, M 442 and M 452 of the 24th M-Flotilla (Kptlt. Mohr) carry out an advance against the port of Granville from the channel island of Alderney together with 3 artillery carriers and 6 smaller vehicles. US guard boat PC 564 is fought down. Landed raiders blow up port facilities and 4 freighters with 3612 GRT, free 67 German prisoners and hijack the coal freighter Eskwood (791 GRT). M 412 runs up at low tide and has to be blown up.
Japanese ultimatum to the French Colonial government in Indochina with the demand that the French. Armed forces of japan. Submit control. —The French Sloop Amiral Charner then sinks the gunboat Avalanche, to prevent it in japan. Hands falls. In Haiphong, the river gunboats are also used for the same reason Commandant Bordais and Vigilante, on the Mekong the river gunboat FrancisGarnier and in My Tho the French. Sloops Amiral Charner and Marne self-sunk.
When the USAAF attacked Hainan on 8.3. the Japanese corvette Kaibokan 69 damaged, it sinks on 16.3. when dragging in. In an air raid by the USAAF on March 13. The Japanese corvette comes before Amoy Kaibokan 66 sunk. Between 13 and 16 March sink B-24 and B-25 USAAF bombers in several blows against shipping traffic off the coast of Indochina, southern China and in the Strait of Formosa also 7 merchant ships, 5 of them from convoy KAI.311 alone.
Baltic Sea / Courland
The Soviet submarines used against the German transport traffic to Courland achieve some success. Before Libau takes hold Shch-303 (LtCdr. Ignatev) already on March 5th unsuccessfully to a ship and torpedoed on 9.3. a freighter, but apparently not that Borbeck (6002 GRT), which on 11.3. is destroyed by aerial bombs off the Pomeranian coast. Other Soviet submarine successes in this area of operations cannot be confirmed. Shch-310 and M-90 cross in front of Libau (= Liepaja), M-102 before Windau (= Ventspils) without success.
5. The city of Libau was bombed out in the spring of 1945.
The Soviet Air Force carries out several air raids against ports (sinking of the hospital ship meteor [ex norw., 3717 BRT] on 9.3. before Pillau) and lays mines (sinking of M 3137 on 12.3 and M 3138 on March 23rd). The evacuation of a total of 8 of the 35 divisions of Army Group Courland to East Prussia and Pomerania succeeded without major failures.
Operation "Victor IV": US Amphibious Group 6 (RAdm. Royal, TG.78.1), lead ship RockyMount, lands the bulk of the 41st Inf.-Div. (Maj.Gen. Doe) near Zamboanga (southwestern tip of Mindanao, Philippines). Transport group with 4 APD, 1 LSD, 23 LST, 21 LSM, 32 LCI and 17 support LCI, 2 PC, 2 SC. Mine search group with 11 YMS and austral. Sloop Warrego. Securing by destroyer (Desron 22) Waller, Saufley, Philip, Sigourney, Robinson, McCalla, Bancroft, Bailey, Of Rudderow, Chaffee. Fire preparation and support from TG.74.3 (RAdm. Berkey) with the cruisers Phoenix, Boise, Destroyers (Desron 21) Fletcher, Nicholas, Taylor, Jenkins, Abbot. Air support from parts of the 5th USAAF (Maj. Gen. Whitehead) and the 13th USAAF (Brig Gen. Wurtsmith). Japan. Coastal batteries sink the armored dropships LST 591 other LST 626 as well as the infantry landing craft LCI 710 other LCI 779.—Parts of the mentioned associations land on March 16. on the Basilan Islands, on April 2nd on Tawi-Tawi and on 9.4. on Jolo. Missed shots by small submarines Ha-79, Ha-84, Ha-78.
Attacks japan. Land aircraft of the 762 Kokutai from Kanoya to the US naval base Ulithi. A bomber falls on the carrier Randolph.
Air War Germany
B 24 the 8th USAAF throw on 11.3. a total of 709 tons of bombs Kiel. The minesweepers M 266, M 804 and M 805 as well as a small tanker are sunk, U 758 will be damaged. - On Bremen throw B 17 the same air fleet on the same day 861 tons of bombs. - In the port of Hamburg sink americ. Bomber 10 merchant ships with a total of 21,072 GRT. Also U 682 is sunk and that which is in equipment U 2547 badly damaged and abandoned. — During the British air raid Warnemünde will be the submarine tender Wilhelm Bauer hit by bombs and gunfire and burned out. It sinks on 8.4. final.
B 17 and B 24 the 8th USAAF throw on March 12th. 1435 tons of bombs in total Swinoujscie. In the harbor and in the Burmester shipyard, the partly still unfinished clearing boats are being used R 243, R 272, R 273, R 274, R 275, R 276, 20 KFK (KFK 677, 679, 680, 683-699), the passenger ship Cordillera (12,655 GRT), outpost boat V 2023who have favourited Freighter Andros, Heiligenhafen, Hilde, Jasmund, Tolima and destroyed 1 tugboat.
On March 11th British planes sink the German minesweeper with rockets in Fedjefjord M 2. The norw. MTB 711 sunk on 12.3. before Haugesund the German mine clearance ship MRS 4 / Paris. The British submarine Venturer sunk on 19.3. before Namsos the German freighter Sirius (998 GRT).
Operation against convoy JW.65. On March 11th the convoy with 26 merchant ships leaves the Clyde. Close security from 11-21 March by the destroyer Myngs other Stord (norw), sloop Lapwing and the corvettes Allington Castle, Alnwick Castle, Bamborough Castle, LancasterCastle, Camellia, Honeysuckle, Oxlip. On March 12th bump the cruiser diadem, the carrier Campania (VAdm Dalrymple-Hamilton), the destroyer Onslaught, Opportune, Orwell, Scorpion, Zambezi and Sioux (RCN) as well as the corvette Farnham Castle added.
On March 13 the German B-Service will inform you of the expiry. U 307, U 312, U 363, U 968, U 716 and U 997 are as a group "Hagen" in the Bären-Enge, U 995 erected in front of the Kolafjord, later comes across U 711 to »Hagen«, U 313 and U 992 march to the Kolafjord. Air reconnaissance remains from March 14-17. unsuccessful. . From 15.3. accompany the porter Trumpeter and the destroyers Savage and Scourge the convoy. From 17.3. all submarines are pulled in front of the Kola entrance, set up in 2 lines with 6 and 7 boats. On March 20 at 9 a.m. the convoy passed the first line in the snowstorm. U 995 (Oblt.z.S. Hess), who already on 2.3. the Soviet underground fighter BO-224 (ex US SC-1507) sunk, torpedoed the steamer Horace Bushnell (7176 GRT), which has to be put on and becomes a total constructive loss.Missed when passing the second line at noon U 716 (Oblt.z.S. Thimme) an escort ship, when attacked by U 313 (Kptlt. Schweiger) and U 968 (Oblt.z.S. Westphalen) the latter sinks the sloop Lapwing and the steamer Thomas Donaldson (7217 GRT). An attempt to operate the submarines against the suspected porters in the Barents Sea after the convoy entered, fails.
During the battles for the fortress Lorient, the German U-hunters become UJ 1414 / Meeting 1 and possibly the minesweeper M 10 Sunk by gunfire from US batteries.
Amphibious advance on March 13 against Letpan (Burma) with the fuse destroyers Eskimo,Roebuck and the Indian sloops Cauvery and Jumna (Operation "Turret"). — The British destroyer Saumarez, Rapid and Volage bombard on 17.3. Sigli on Sumatra and on 19.3. Port Blair on the Andaman Islands (continued March 19-23).
Air War Netherlands
Attack from 9 B-17 of the 92nd US Bomber Group with 35 tons of bombs on Ijmuiden. The 8th S-Flotilla is temporarily not operational after the air raid.
Air War Northwest Pacific
On March 14th to grab B-29 Bombers of the 20th USAAF Air Force from Tinian with incendiary bombs on the port city of Osaka, destroying large parts of the city center and 2 freighters in the port area. On March 17th to grab B-29 Bomber on Kobe, they are damaging the submarine I-158 and 2 merchant ships.
6. The carrier USS Franklin
Advance of US Task Force 58 (VAdm. Mitscher) against Japan. On March 14th TF.58 runs from Ulithi (the porter is there on March 11th Randolph damaged by a kamikaze plane). On March 16 Fuel supply.
Task Group 58.1 (RAdm. Clark): Porter Hornet, Wasp, Bennington, Belleau Wood, San Jacinto, Battleships Massachusetts, Indiana, Cruiser Baltimore, Pittsburgh, Vincennes, Miami, Vicksburgh, San Juan and destroyer (Desron 61) De Haven, Mansfield, Lyman K. Swenson, Collett, Maddox, Blue, Brush, Taussig, Samuel N. Moore, (Desdiv 106) Wedderburn, Twining, Stockham, (Desron 25) John Rodgers, Harrison, McKee, Murray, Sigsbee, Ringgold, Schroeder, Dashiell. - Task Group 58.2 (RAdm. Davison): Porter Enterprise, Franklin, cruiser SantaFé, Destroyer (Desron 52) Owen, Miller, Stephen Potter, Tingey, Hickox, Hunt, Lewis Hancock, Marshall. - Task Group 58.3 (RAdm. Sherman): Porter Essex, Bunker Hill, Hancock, Cabot, Bataan, Battleships Washington, North Carolina, South Dakota (VAdm. Lee), cruiser Indianapolis (Adm. Spruance, 5th Fleet), Pasadena, Springfield, Astoria, Wilkes-Barre, Destroyer (Desron 62) Ault, English, Charles S. Sperry, Waldron, Haynsworth, Wallace L. Lind, John W. Weeks, Hank, Borie, (Desron 48) Erben, Walker, Hale, Stembel, Black, Bullard, Kidd, Chauncey. - Task Group 58.4 (RAdm. Radford): Porter Yorktown, Intrepid, Langley, Independence, Battleships Wisconsin, Missouri, New Jersey, Battle cruiser Alaska, Guam, Cruiser St. Louis, Flint, Oakland, San Diego, Destroyer (Desron 54) Remey, Norman Scott, Mertz, Monssen, McGowan, McNair, Melvin, (Desron 47) McCord,Trathen, Hazelwood, Heerman, Haggard, Franks, Hailey, (Desdiv 105) Cushing, Colahan, Uhlmann, Benham.
On March 18 Early on, the porter groups launched a strong attack on Kyushu, which was primarily aimed at airfields. In addition, 6 ships are sunk and 3 damaged. Under the leadership of the Japanese 5th Air Fleet (VAdm. Ugaki), 48 Kamikaze aircraft take off against the US carrier groups, 18 find no targets and return. The main attack is against Task Group 58.4, the Intrepid is set on fire by a kamikaze falling next to the ship, but can extinguish the fire. The Yorktown and Enterprise are easily damaged. On March 19 the carrier attacks are directed primarily against the japan. Bases in the inland sea, especially Kure. That is where the Japanese porters will be Amagi, Katsuragi, Ryuho, Hosho, Kaiyo and the new building Ikomawho have favourited battleships Yamato, Hyuga, Harunawho have favourited cruisers Clays and Oyodo, the destroyer escort Persimmon and Shinnan, the landing ship T-105 as well as the new submarines I-400, I-205 and Ro-67 damaged. A Japanese bomber formation of the 5th Air Fleet scored 1 hit on the Wasp, which catches fire (101 dead, 269 injured), but gets the fire under control after 15 minutes, and 2 hits on the Franklin, which catches fire and suffers severe damage from bomb and ammunition explosions (724 dead, 265 wounded, 1700 survivors rescued by cruisers Santa Fe and Pittsburgh). Capt. Gehres succeeds in bringing the heavily damaged ship back under control and later going to the shipyard on his own. Santa Fe and the destroyer Hickox are caused by the explosions on board the Franklin affected. 39 Kamikaze fliers (20 of which are returning) score Enterprise minor damage, Essex is damaged by its own flak fire. On March 20 Supplying the destroyers. Attack by 20 japan. Kamikaze bombers, one of which is the Hancock just missed and the destroyer Halsey Powell another hits the rescue submarine Devilfish damaged. On March 21 keep Japanese reconnaissance aircraft in touch with Task Force 58, it starts 18 2-mot. Bombers with "Oka" bombs (manned rocket bombs, US name "Baka") and 55 kamikazes (45 return) with 15 escort fighters (3 return). The bomber formation is located and intercepted by 150 fighters who shoot down all but one of the bombers.
On March 22nd Task Force 58 goes to the tanker group and supplies. The task groups reduced by failures are divided into 3 new groups: Task Group 58.1: Hornet, Bennington, Belleau Wood, San Jacinto, Massachusetts, Indiana, Vincennes, Miami, Vicksburgh, San Juan. Task Group 58.3: Essex, Bunker Hill, Hancock (later Shangri La), Bataan, South Dakota, New Jersey, Pasadena, Springfield, Astoria, Wilkes-Barre. Task Group 58.4: Yorktown, Intrepid, Enterprise, Langley, Wisconsin, Missouri, Alaska, Guam, San Diego. – The damaged Wasp and Franklin be of Independence, Washington, North Carolina, Baltimore, Pittsburgh, Santa Fe, Flint, Oakland headed to Ulithi.
British coastal waters
German snorkel submarines operate individually and mostly submerged in the waters around Great Britain. Since the boats observe the requirement of radio silence and are instructed in their operating areas by written orders or radio messages in individual codes before they leave the harbor, it is difficult for the "Submarine Tracking Room" to determine their position. The RAF Coastal Command and the escort groups are dependent on visual and attack reports. The following escort groups are used:
Operating out of Portsmouth, mainly in the Canal, the 14th EG with the destroyers Havelock (SO), Assiniboine (RCN), Duncan, Hesperus, Hotspur, Icarus and Inconstant (Destroyer Forester carries out test drives, Fame and the canada. Saskatchewan are under repair); the 1st EG with the DEs Balfour, Bentley, Garlies, Gore, Hoste and Stockham; the 26th EG with the canada. Frigates Beacon Hill (SO), Jonquière, Ribble and Sussexvale (Frigate New Glasgow located after ramming from U 1003 under repair); the 9th EG with the canada. Frigates Loch Alvie, Matane, Monnow and Nene (Frigate St Pierre detached, St John [SO], Port Colborne, Stormont and Swanson are under repair or overhaul).
Operating out of Plymouth in the Canal and the South Western Approaches: the 2nd EG with the sloop Wild goose (SO) and the frigates Dominica, Labuan, Loch Fada, Loch Ruthven and Tobago; the 3rd EG with the DEs Duckworth (SO), Berry, Cooke, Domett, Essington and Rowley; and the 6th EG with the canada. Frigates New Waterford (SO), Annan, Loch Achanalt and Loch Morlich (Frigate Waskesin detached, Cape Breton, Grou and Outremont under repair, Teme on March 29 by U 315 so badly damaged that it is classified as a total constructive loss).
From Rosyth are used in the area north of Scotland: the 17th EG with the DEs Burgess, Cranstoun and Moorsom as well as the frigates Ascension, Loch Killin and Loch Lomond; as well as the 30th EG with the corvettes Caistor Castle, Kenilworth Castle, Launceston Castle and Pevensey Castle (Portchester Castle is detached, but on the way back to the association).
Operating out of Londonderry in the North Western Approaches and the Irish Sea: the 21st EG with the DEs Conn (SO), Byron, Deane, Fitzroy, Redmill (of U 1105 on April 27 damaged and declared a total constructive loss) and Rupert; the 15th EG with the DE Mounsey (the DE Dacres carries out test drives, Louis [SO], Inglis, Lawson and Loring will be repaired); the 5th EG with the DEs Aylmer, Bligh, Grindall, Keats, Kempthorne and Tyler; as well as the 4th EG with the DEs Bazely, Bentinck, Calder, Drury and Pasley (Byard is under repair).
7. British underground hunter Mermaid (U 30) of the 12th EG.
In Liverpool the 12th EG Test drives after repairs, it consists of the sloops Black Swan and Mermaid and the frigates Loch Tarbert, Barbados and Cayman.
From Greenock operate as a backup for the Murmansk and Gibraltar convoys: the 7th EG with the corvettes Allington Castle, Alnwick Castle, Bamborough Castle, Farnham Castle, Honeysuckle and Oxlip (Convoys JW.65 / RA.65 and JW.66 / RA.66; Sloop Cygnet takes test drives and the corvette rhododendron is under repair); the 8th EG with the frigates Aire and Loch Moro (Frigate natal (South Africa.) carries out test drives and the frigates Loch Achray and Loch Glendhu are under repair); the 18th EG (Frigates Towy [SO], Good hope [South African], Loch Fyne, Perim, St Helena and Zanzibar are under repair until the beginning of April); the 19th EG with the frigates Loch Shin (SO), Anguilla and Loch Insh as well as the DEs Cotton and Goodall, the latter will be on April 29th. of U 968 sunk (convoy JW.66 / RA.66; frigate Antigua is under repair); the 20th EG (Frigates Bahamas, Pitcairn, Sarawak, Somaliland, Tavy and Tortola are all under repair or overhaul by early April); the 22nd EG with the sloops Hard (SO), Amethyst, Magpie, Peacock and Wren as well as the frigate Loch Craggie; as well as the 31st EG with the corvettes Berkeley Castle, Carisbrooke Castle, Dumbarton Castle, Hadleigh Castle and Lancaster Castle.
From the Western Approaches the following groups are detached to Canada: the 11th EG with canada. destroyer Kootenay (the destroyers Qu'appelle [SO], Chaudière, Gatineau and Ottawa are under repair or overhaul); the 27th EG with the canada. Frigates Meon (SO), Coaticock, Dunver, Ettrick and Levis (Frigate La Salle is under repair); as well as the 28th EG with the canada. Frigates Sainte Therèse (SO), Buckingham, Fort Erie, Incharron and Prestonian.
A US Combat Group (RAdm. McCrea) with the 1st Cruiser Division (Light Cruiser Richmond, Concord and Trenton) and 7 destroyers shelled Matsuwa (Kuril Islands).
Mediterranean / Adriatic
Unsuccessful forays into Ancona. Three companies of the MEK 71 in association with the 3rd S-Flotilla and the K-Flotilla 612 fail despite several attempts. Fog, high swell or technical problems and early detection of the boats by allied aircraft lead to the operation being broken off again and again (Kobelt, 2016, p.253-254).
Air War Italy
During an air raid on Monfalcone (Adriatic Sea) the mine sweeping boat R 14 and the unfinished submarine UIT 6 (ex-ital. R 9) destroyed.
North Sea / Skagerak
The German underground hunter UJ 1105 sinks on 16.3. during an air raid in the Skagerrak. - On the night of 17/18 March throw the German mine ships Ostmark and Lorraine, secured by the destroyer Friedrich Him and the T-boats T 17, T 19 and T 20, a defensive mine lock in the western Skagerrak.
On March 16 there are 3 small submarines of the "seal" type in front of Margate. Three more are missing. On March 18 2 "seals" run into the area outside Great Yarmouth. Sunk there U 5366 (Lt.z.S. Hauschel / L.I. Hesel) on March 21. from the convoy ATM.100 the US Liberty freighter Charles D. McIver (7176 GRT). —On March 22nd becomes MTB 394 Rammed by a "seal" southeast of Great Yarmouth. The damaged micro-submarine is then fired at with on-board weapons. However, the "seal" drivers manage to sink their vehicle themselves. As castaways, they are then from MTB 394 rescued and captured (Mattes, 131)
Successful attack from Dec. Mosquitos of the "Banff Strike Wing" (143rd, 235th, 248th and 333rd Sqn. RAF) with missiles and on-board guns on ships in Aalesund. The freighters iris (German, 3323 GRT), Remagen (German ex fr Rimage, 1830 GRT) and log (norw., 1684 GRT) are sunk, the Erna (German, 865 GRT) will be damaged. Goes due to intensive anti-aircraft defense Mosquito, F ’/ 143 (F / O Ceybird †) bursts into flames and falls into the sea.
German S-boat company off the British east coast and the Scheldt. On the night of 17/18 March The 2nd and 6th S-Flotilla run a mining company (64 mines) with 13 boats on the Thames-Scheldt route. The brit. LST 80, the freighters Samselbu (7253 GRT), Empire blessing (7062 GRT) and a Belgian fishing trawler sink, the US Liberty ship Hadley F Brown (7176 BRT) will be damaged. The 5th S-Flotilla throws mines off Cromer with 6 boats. The 4th, 8th and 9th S-Flotilla (10 boats) found no targets during a torpedo operation in the Thames estuary due to poor visibility. - On the night of 18/19 March 25 boats of the 2nd, 4th, 5th, 6th and 9th S-Flotilla throw together 133 mines off the Humber Estuary, Cromer, Orfordness and Great Yarmouth. The flotillas are prevented from being thrown completely by destroyers. But on the march back, the 6th S-Flotilla comes along S 212, S 213, S 223 and S 704 in front of Lowestoft on the convoy FS.1759. The boats report seven hits, including on 2 Liberty ships, but only sink the British freighters Crichtoun (1097 GRT) and Rogate (2871 GRT).
The last boat to return U 475 on March 17th back to Gdansk from work in the Finnish bus. On March 19 all German front submarines are withdrawn from the Baltic Sea for western use.
An association with the mine ships Ostmark, Linz, Lorraine and the destroyer Karl Galster The mine barrier "Augustus" is deploying the barrier means in the Skagerrak. This is where it comes up Lorraine to a rudder failure, the ship crosses the line of mines that had just been thrown Ostmark. A mine that was thrown last and has not yet gone deep streaks on the ship's side Lorraine along and comes about 100 m behind the Lorraine to detonate, but without causing damage. The operation continues despite the incident.
Mediterranean / Ligurian Sea
10th T-Flotilla (KKpt. Burkart) takes along TA 24, TA 29 and TA 32 offensive mining operation in the Ligurian Sea. Battle of the British destroyers to the north-west of Corsica meteor and Lookout. TA 24 and TA 29 are sunk. British destroyers and coastal forces rescue 244 survivors, including the flotilla chief.
8. US Coast Guard Cutter Ingham (WP 35) in heavy seas
Operation "Victor I": The US Amphibious Group 9 (TG.74.3, RAdm. Struble, lead ship US Coast Guard Cutter Ingham) lands until March 22nd. 14,000 men of the 40th Inf. Div. (MajGen. Brush) on the south coast of Panay.Transport group with 16 LST, 20 LSM, 13 LCI and 8 LCI for support. Mine search group 5 YMS with austral. Sloop Warrego, Backup group destroyers CharlesAusburne, Thatcher, Claxton, Converse, Dyson (Desron 23). Fire support by TG.74.2 (RAdm. Riggs) with cruiser Cleveland, Destroyers Conway, Stevens, Eaton (Desdiv 44). On March 29 the above associations land the 185th RCT on the northwest coast of Negros. On 8.4. the 503rd parachute RCT follows.
Baltic Sea / Courland
On March 18 The Soviet armies begin their sixth major offensive in front of Army Group Courland, which, like the previous ones, must be broken off after around 10 days. On the same day, the 2nd S-School Flotilla (Kptlt. Klose) surprised a group of Soviet torpedo cutters in the Gdańsk Bay and sank them TKA-66 and damaged TKA-195. — On March 26/27 Soviet torpedo bombers attack a convoy off Libau and sink the tanker Saßnitz (694 GRT) as well as the clearing boats R 145 and R 260. Eight fighters of 1./JG.54 finally drive away the Soviet planes so that the remaining R-boats can run away. At the scene of the accident, the second S school flotilla surprised again the following night S 64, S 69 and P 81 a group of 9 Soviet torpedo cutters, engaged in heavy fighting TKA-166, TKA-181 and TKA-199 destroyed, 4 more Soviet speedboats damaged and 15 prisoners, including the chief of the Soviet 2nd TKA Division, Kpt. 3.Rg. Tshebykin, introduced.
British Eastern Fleet destroyer operations in the Andaman region. During a coastal bombardment on 19.3. becomes the destroyer Rapid hit by Japanese coastal battery.
Mediterranean / Ligurian Sea
The German MAS 561 (= SA 18) leaves San Remo with SMA 19 in tow to land 6 V-men in the area between Fréjus and Cannes, who are to investigate the situation in the rear of the front from there. The company has to be canceled due to bad weather conditions. On March 20 will with MAS 553 (= SA 16?) And SMA 19 a new attempt is made, this is also canceled without success (Kobelt, 2016, p.193).
During allied submarine operations off Norway, the brit. Venturer (Lt. Launders) on March 19th before Namsos the German freighter Sirius (998 GRT). The German freighter Priam (760 GRT) is used on the journey from Anholt to Larvik near Kristiansund-Nord from Halifax-Bombers of the 502nd Sq. RAF from Stornoway sunk with bombs.
From 19-25 March pushes the 3rd Belarusian. Front the pocket of the German 4th Army south of Koenigsberg in front of the Fresh Lagoon. After the German troops have been supplied by ferry boats across the lagoon since January, 11,365 wounded, 324 soldiers and 14,520 refugees are being evacuated to Pillau on the (last) night of March 25th alone. a total of 5830 soldiers and 2830 wounded. — Due to the location in front of Danzig / Gotenhafen, embarkations from Pillau will be from March 8th to 28th. considerably disturbed, individual ships are lost in air raids, for example on 19.3. Vs 301 / Karl Bergh, on March 30th Jersbek (2804 GRT) and on March 31 Elbing IV (314 GRT).
The allied North Atlantic convoys from St. John's (Newfoundland) to the South Western Approaches (HX and SC convoys) are secured by the following escort groups:
EG.C3 with the canada. Frigates Kokanee (SO) and Sea cliff as well as canada. Corvettes St Thomas, Stellarton and Trillium (the Canadian Corvette Rivière du Loup comes from the east to the convoy) as well as the detached Canada. corvette Forrest Hill; EG.B3 with the frigate Exe (SO), the DE Gardiner and the corvette Geranium, stepped up to the canada. corvette Charlock, the corvette Flint Castle is detached and the corvettes Borage and Pimpernel are under repair; EG.C5 with the canada. Frigates Runnymede (SO) and St Stephen as well as canada. Corvettes Belleville, Huntsville, Lachute and Wet Yorkwho have favourited Canada. Corvettes Hespeler and Long Beach are under repair; EG.C2 with the canada. Frigates Longueuil (SO) and Capilano as well as canada. Corvettes Asbestos, Kamloops, Kinkardine, Smith's Falls and North Baywho have favourited Canada. corvette Norsyd is under repair; EG.C1 with the canada. Frigates Hallowell (SO) and Royal Mount as well as canada. Corvettes Arnprior, Fennel and Orangevillewho have favourited Canada. corvette Chambly is detached and the Frontenac and Giffard are under repair; EG.C7 with the canada. frigate Lanark (SO) and Canada. Corvettes Coppercliff, Hawksbury, Merittonia,Barry Sound, the canada. corvette Amherst Added to this, the canada. frigate Cape de la Madeleine and the corvette Owen Sound are under repair.
The ON and ONS convoys from the South Western Approaches to St. John's are secured by the following escort groups:
EG.C9 with the canada. Frigates Penetang (SO) and Victoriaville and canada. Corvettes Fredericton, Thorlock and Ferguswho have favourited the Corvette Halifax is detached; EG.C4 with the canada. frigate Glace Bay (SO) and the corvettes Beauharnais, Bowmanville, Petrolia and Whitbywho have favourited the Corvette Atholl is detached, the frigate Wentworth is under repair; EG.C6 with the canada. Frigates East View (SO) and Lauzon, the corvettes Cobourg, Lambert, Tillsonburg and Peterborough;EG.C8 with the canada. Frigates Stone Town (SO) and Poundmaker as well as the corvettes Humberstone, Leaside and Edmundstonwho have favourited the Corvette Guelph is detached; EG.B2 with the destroyer Highlander (SO) and the corvettes Acanthus (Dutch), Nordkyn (Dutch), Buttercup, Primrose and Morpeth Castlewho have favourited the Corvette Sweetbriar is detached; EG.B1 with the frigate Chelmer (SO), the DE Inman and the corvettes Dianella, Poppy, star word and Tintagel Castlewho have favourited the Corvette lotus is under repair.
Mediterranean / Ligurian Sea
The US destroyer Parker shelled German positions on the French-Italy. Border.
An advance by US TF.92 (Capt Worthington) to bombard Paramushiro has to be abandoned due to heavy icing of the ships.
Air War Germany
On March 20 throw B 17 the 8th USAAF 777 to bombs on Hamburg. U 2550 is destroyed on the slip and blocks the one behind U 2549so that it cannot be brought into the water. The German freighter Venus (5407 GRT), northwest (707 GRT), Egeria (627 GRT) and Isar (270 GRT) are destroyed. —In an air raid on Kiel on the same day, the mine sweepers are M 15, M 16, M 18, M 19 and M 522 sunk. In Szczecin the KM houseboat will be built Usambara (8690 GRT) destroyed by bomb attack. — On March 21 attack the groups No. 1 and 8 of the RAF Bomber Command with 139 aircraft to Bremen. The destroyer in equipment sinks Z 51.—On the night of March 21/22 Group No. 5 of the RAF with 159 aircraft to Hamburg again, the clearing boat R 239 bombed and sunk.
9. The Japanese »Oka bomb« (US name: »Baka«)
Sink in the event of further attacks on shipping off the Chinese coast (see March 8-16) B-24 and B-25 USAAF bombers on March 20 and 23 three freighters. —During the attacks by the submarines Blenny (21.3.) On convoy HI.88.I as well as Bluegill and Hammmerhead (29.3.) On convoy HI.88.J off the coast of Indochina, USAAF planes attack at the same time, one of them B-25 on March 21 five small ships, B-24 and B-25 on March 29 two freighters and the corvettes Kaibokan 18 and Kaibokan 130 sink.
Air War Italy
In an air raid on Venice (Adriatic Sea), the German T-boat TA 42 (ex-ital. Alabarda) sunk.
First japan. Use of a pilot-controlled bomb ("Oka") against US Task Force 58 was unsuccessful.
On March 21 12 transporters and 3 tankers for convoy RA.65 are used by the Soviet destroyers Karl Libknekht, Zhivuchi, Zhestki, Derzki, Uritsky, the guard ship Smerch and 3 BO-U-hunters accompanied from Arkhangelsk into the Barents Sea, where they on 24.3. arrive. — On March 22nd torpedoed U 711 (Kptlt. Lange) the Soviet outpost boat VPS-5 /KVoroshilov off the Kola Peninsula.
Other S-boat companies off the British east coast and the Scheldt. In the night of March 21/22, 1945, 5 flotillas with 20 boats left Great Yarmouth for a torpedo operation. The 2nd S-Flotilla with only 3 boats (S 181, S 209 and P 210) returns after engine problems P 210 around. On the march back will P. 181 before Den Helder of Beaufighters the 236 RAF Sq. hit by missiles and sank by detonating their own torpedoes (Chief of the 2nd S-Fl. KKpt. Opdenhoff †). - On March 22nd / 23rd The 6th and 4th S-Flotilla are throwing mines on the Thames-Scheldt route while air strikes are ongoing. On March 25/26 the operation is repeated with the 4th, 9th and 6th S-Flotilla, but only the 9th Flotilla throws mines. The 4th and 6th flotillas are used by the destroyers Arendal (norwegian.) and Krakowiak (Polish) as well as the frigate Riou (British) ousted. On the various mine barriers are lost: on March 22nd. the Greek freighter Eleftheria (7247 GRT), on March 28th a Belgian fishing cutter and the brit. LCP 840. The Norwegian tanker Belinda (8325) is damaged by mine hits. — From 26.3. relocate the 5th and 8th S-Flotilla to the Baltic Sea and Norway (Hümmelchen, 206).
Use of small weapons: On March 22nd. 12 blasting »lenses« run out of Ostend, but are unsuccessful. On the night of 23/24 March Another 16 "beavers" try unsuccessfully to attack shipping traffic on the Scheldt. 9 "beavers" are lost, three of them are killed by the British frigate Retalick sunk, one by one Beaufighter the 254th Sq. RAF. (Whitley, 130).
Preparatory phase for landing in Okinawa.
On March 23 Task Force 58 begins (for composition see 14.3., without sponsors Franklin) Rolling air strikes with all 3 combat groups in preparation for the landings. continued. On March 24th Task Group 58.1 conducts an attack in 112 missions against a convoy to the south of Kyushu, which is destroyed with all 8 ships, including the T-boat Tomozuru and the corvette Kaibokan 68. The battleships fire on March 24th New Jersey, Wisconsin, Missouri (RAdm. Denfeld) with 5 destroyers and Massachusetts, Indiana (VAdm. Lee) with 6 destroyers Okinawa. — On March 27th / 28th supplies Task Force 58, destroying it by attacking a single Japanese aircraft Murray damaged. On March 28 becomes the corvette Kaibokan 33 sunk. On March 29 TG.58.4 attacks Okinawa again, TG.58.3 and TG.58.1 attack the northern Ryukyu Islands and Kyushu. On March 30th / 31st supplies TG.58.1, while TG.58.3 and TG.58.4 fly further attacks against the Okinawa area and north. On March 31 become the cruiser Indianapolis, the mine-layer destroyer Adams, a transporter and the DropShips LST 724 and LST 884 damaged by kamikaze pilots. The cruiser Pensacola on the other hand comes with a collision LST 277 to harm.
On March 23 the British Pacific Fleet (VAdm. Rawlings) runs out of Ulithi. You supplied on March 25th and intervenes as Task Force 57 (VAdm. Vian) with the porters Indomitable, Victorious, Illustrious, Indefatigable, the battleships King George V, Howe, the cruisers Swiftsure, Gambia (RNZN), Black Prince, Argonaut, Euryalus, the destroyers Grenville, Ulster, Undine, Urania, Undaunted, Quickmatch, Quiberon, Queenborough, Kempenfelt, Whirlwind and Wager on March 26th and 27th the Sakishima Gunto archipelago of the southern Ryukyu Islands to neutralize the airfields located there. From March 28-30 supplies the TF.57 with escort porters from a supply group Striker, speaker, the sloops Crane, Pheasant, the frigate Findhorn, 3 tankers and the destroyers Quality and Whelp, the Kempenfelt and Whirlwind peel off. On March 31 the neutralization attacks against Sakishima Gunto are resumed.
From 24/25/3. The units of Task Force 52 (RAdm. Blandy) and Task Force 54 (RAdm. Deyo) arrive in front of Okinawa. 3 escort groups (Task Group 52.1, RAdm. Durgin) support the air strikes of Task Forces 58 and 57 and take over their role during the supply periods. Involved: Group 1 (RAdm. Durgin) with the escorts Makin Island, Fanshaw Bay, Lunga Point, Sangamon, Natoma Bay, Savo Island, Anzio, the destroyers (Desdiv 120) Ingraham, Hart, Boyd, Bradford, Patterson, Bagley and the destroyers escort Lawrence C. Taylor, Melvin R. Nawman, Oliver Mitchell, Robert F. Keller, Tabberer, Richard M. Rowell, Richard S. Bull, Dennis, Sederstrom, Fleming, O'Flaherty; Group 2 (RAdm. Stump) with the escorts Saginaw Bay, Sargent Bay, Marcus Island, Petrof Bay, Tulagi, Wake Island, the destroyers (Desdiv 91) Capps, Lowry, Evans, John D. Henley and the destroyers escort William Seiverling, Ulvert M. Moore, Kendall C. Campbell, Goss, Tisdale, Eisele; Group 3 (RAdm. Sample) with the escorts Suwanee, Chenango, Santee, Steamer Bay, the destroyers (Desron 58) Metcalf, Drexler, Fullam, Guest, Helm and the DEs Edmonds, John C. Butler. — On March 24th begins the mine search group (Task Group 52.2, RAdm. Sharp on mine ship terror) in 3 groups faster minesweepers with Forrest, Hobson, Macomb, Dorsey, Hopkins; Ellyson, Hambleton, Rodman, Emmons; Butler, Gherardi, Jeffers, Harding, in 7 groups with 36 fleet minesweepers and in 4 groups with 6 YMS clearing boats each, each of which has 1 fast mine-layer, including one in support Gwin, Lindsey, Aaron Ward, Adams, Tolman, Henry A. Wiley, Shea, Tracy, J. William Ditter, Robert H. Smith, Shannon, Thomas E. Fraser, Harry F. Bauer and Breese, is assigned with the mine sweeping.
10. USS Arkansas battleship
On March 25th The "Underwater Demolition Teams" arrive at 10 APDs and begin clearing the landing beaches of underwater obstacles. The cruisers San Francisco, Minneapolis and 3 destroyers fire on 25.3. the landing sites on Kerama Retto, before the landing on March 26th. supported by the battleship Arkansas. On March 26 the "Western Islands Attack Group" (Task Group 51.1, RAdm. Kiland), lead ship, lands Mount McKinley, the 77th Inf.-Div. (Maj.Gen. Bruce) against low resistance on Kerama Retto. Transport squadron with 13 APA, 6 AKA, 28 LST, 11 LSM, 8 support vehicles. Securing (Capt. Moosbrugger) with lead ship Biscayne, the destroyers (Desron 49) Picking, Sproston, Wickes, William D. Porter, Isherwood, Kimberly, Luce, Charles J. Badger and the DEs Scribner, Kinzer, Richard W. Suesens, Abercrombie, Oberrender, Riddle, Swearer, Stern.
On March 26 the "Fire Support Group" (Task Force 54, RAdm. Deyo) begins with the bombardment of Okinawa: Group 1: Battleships Texas, Maryland, Cruiser Tuscaloosa, Destroyer (Desdiv 110) Laws, Longshaw, Morrison, Prichett. Group 2: Battleships Arkansas, Colorado, Cruiser San Francisco, Minneapolis, Destroyer (Desdiv 51) Hall, Halligan, Paul Hamilton, Laffey, Twiggs. Group 3: Battleships Tennessee, Nevada, Cruiser Wichita, Birmingham, Destroyer (Desron 60) Mannert L. Abele, Zellars, Bryant, Barton, O'Brien. Group 4: Battleships Idaho, West Virginia, Cruiser Pensacola, Portland, Biloxi, Destroyer (Desron 55) Porterfield, Callaghan, Irwin, Cassin Young, Preston. Group 5: Battleships New Mexico, New York, Cruiser Indianapolis (Flagship 5th Fleet, Adm. Spruance), Salt Lake City, Destroyer (Desron 56) Newcomb, Heywood L. Edwards, Leutze, Richard P. Leary, Bennion. Group 6: Escort destroyer Samuel S. Miles, Wesson, Foreman, Whitehurst, England, Willer, Bowers, Willmarth. Also 53 support landing vehicles with rocket launchers.
Japanese resistance: After recognizing the intention to attack Okinawa, the submarines are first I-8, Ro-41, Ro-49 and Ro-56 prepared to attack with torpedoes. Ro-41 (Oblt. Honda) meets on March 22nd. to Task Group 58.4 and will be on 23.3. from the destroyer Haggard sunk, Ro-49 missed on 25.3. the cruisers Wichita and St. Louis, and Ro-56 on March 27th the Pensacola, on March 30th becomes I-8 (Kptlt. Shinehara) noticed by an airplane and then by the destroyers Morrison and Stockton sunk. I-53 (Kptlt. Toyomasu) and I-47 (Kptlt. Orita) will be on 30.3. Damaged by a mine and by planes of the TF.58 and had to turn back. —On March 25th Operation Ten-go (Defense of Okinawa and Southern Japan) is launched by the Japanese Imperial Headquarters. The aviation units of the 3rd and 10th Navy Air Fleet are operationally subordinate to the 5th Air Fleet (VAdm. Ugaki), which operates from Kyushu. The remnants of the 1st Air Fleet operate from Formosa. In the twilight of March 25th first kamikaze attack with 25 aircraft (3 of which must reverse): destroyer Kimberley, Mine-laying destroyer Robert H. Smith, Express transporter Gilmer and Knudson (Bomb hit) damaged. On March 26 evening attack by 11 Kamikaze: hit on battleship Nevada, Cruiser Biloxi, Destroyers O'Brien, Porterfield, Callaghan, DE Foreman, Minesweeper Skirmish. The destroyer Halligan after a torpedo hit (from Ro-49?) or hit a mine on the ground. At Task Group 58.1, Destroyer receives Murray Bomb hit by Stuka. On March 27 Task Force 54 continues its bombardment. After attack by 15 kamikaze airmen are mine-laying destroyers Adams and minesweepers Southard damaged. On March 27 unsuccessful attempt by japan. Explosive boats to approach Task Force 51 in front of Kerama Retto. On March 28 renewed bombardment, minesweepers Skylark is sunk during minesweeping. AKA Wyandot is damaged by bomb hits. On the night of March 29th Single air raids from Okinawa, LSM (R) 188 is badly hit. Therefore on March 29th Shelling of Japan. Airfields, Task Force 52 attacks on airfields and bases by explosive devices and small submarines. On March 30th After the heavy bombardment of Okinawa in the evening, an attack with 4 kamikaze fighters occurs, hit on the flagship of the 5th Fleet Indianapolis, Adm. Spruance gets on battleship New Mexico around. On March 31 Again kamikaze attacks, thereby becoming mine layers Adams, APA Hinsdale, DropShips LST 724 and LST 884 met.
Operation against convoy RA.65 in the Arctic Ocean.
On March 23 the convoy with 26 merchant ships leaves the Kola peninsula. Close security by the corvettes Allington Castle, AlnwickCastle, Bamborough Castle, Farnham Castle, Lancaster Castle, Camellia, Honeysuckle and Oxlip until arrival on April 1st in Scapa Flow coverage group consisting of the cruiser diadem, the escort carriers Campania and Trumpeter as well as the destroyers Myngs, Opportune, Orwell, Savage, Scorpion, Scourge, Zambezi, Sioux (RCN) and Stord (norw). Soviet. Minesweepers have cleared a new path so that most of the submarines can be bypassed or kept at a distance by the escort ships. The German submarines are only partially reassembled in front of the Kolafjord. U 313 and U 968 listen or sight the convoy and the escort carriers, but do not attack. An attempt with U 307, U 310, U 313, U 363, U 668, U 711, U 716, U 968 and U 992 Laying an outpost strip in front of the convoy brings on 25.3. No result found. Attempts by the Luftwaffe to get in touch with the convoy in order to be able to launch an air torpedo attack fail. canceled. Convoy runs on March 31. into Scapa Flow. —On March 31 torpedoed U 312 an armed fish steamer on the Kola coast (unconfirmed).
A task force of the "Banff Strike Wing" with 42 mosquitos and 12 Mustangs leads attacks on shipping traffic off Stadlandet, Aalesund and Dalsfjord. The Norwegian freighter Lysaker (910 GRT) sunk, the German freighter Inga Essberger (1827 GRT), Rotenfels (7854 GRT) and the Norwegian coastal ship Romssdale (138 GRT) damaged. Intensive anti-aircraft defense through coastal defense positions. Mosquito, R ’ / 143 (F / O McCall †) is shot on fire and falls into the sea. Mosquito, W ’ / 143 is hit and has to make an emergency landing. Mosquito, W ’ / 235 (F / O Turner †) attacks ships in Dalsfjord and crashes immediately afterwards.
The same day will be in front of mountains U 249 (Kptlt. Kock) surprised, the attacking one shoots Mosquito the RAF Sq. 235 (F / Lt. Williams), but is forced to turn back due to own damage.
Between 24.3 and 26.3. four "seals" run against the coast of East Anglia and six boats run to the Thames. On 25.3. the coastal defense boat ML 466 and on March 26th the British steamer Newlands (1556 GRT), three boats do not return. One is made by Beaufighter 'Q' the RAF Sq. 254 sunk and one through ML 586 before Walcheren. The coastal defense boat ML 137 takes effect on 26.3. at South Falls, with depth charges, arrested a "seal" that had been stopped and was able to escape. On the same day, off North Foreland, a "seal" arrives at the depth charge attack by the harbor protection boat HDML 1471 with 2 torpedoes before, but they miss their target.
11. HMS Puffin as a total loss in Harwich:
Also on March 26th brings the corvette Puffin a small submarine in such distress that the crew sees their last chance to steer their damaged vehicle on a ramming course to the destination and to get out beforehand. The "seal" is created by the explosion of the torpedo warheads at the bow of the Puffin destroyed. The corvette is severely damaged, but remains maneuverable. The "seal" crew is successfully taken in and the ship and crew are brought to Harwich. There the Puffin declared a total constructive loss. (Mattes, 133-135).
A British combat group with the destroyers Saumarez, Volage, Vigilant, Virago, Venus,Verulam attacks a Japanese supply convoy with two steamers and the U-fighters Ch-63 and Ch-34 on the way to Port Blair (Andaman Islands). The first attack with ten torpedoes was unsuccessful. Then sunk one LiberatorBomber one of the steamers, and on the second attack the destroyers sink the U-fighter with 16 torpedoes, one of which hits Ch-34 and the other two vehicles with artillery.
Operation "Victor II": US Amphibious Group 8 (TG.78.2, Capt. Sprague) with lead ship USCGC Spencer lands 14,000 men of the Americal Div. (MajGen. Arnold) near Cebu (Philippines). Transport group with 4 APD, 20 LST, 11 LSM, 15 LCI, 9 support LCI, 2 PC. Minesweeping group with 8 YMS clearing boats. Securing by destroyer (Desron 5) Flusser, Shaw, Conyngham, Smith, Drayton. Fire support from Task Group 74.3 (RAdm. Berkey) with cruisers Phoenix, Boise, Hobart (austral.) and destroyers (Desron 21) Fletcher, Nicholas, Taylor, Jenkins, Abbot. Air support 13th USAAF (MajGen. Wurtsmith) (continued April 1-11, 1945).
Air War Germany
115 aircraft of Group No. 5 of the RAF Bomber Command attack the submarine bunkers in Bremen-Farge and 20 Lancaster the No. 617 Sqn. RAF Bomber Command throw "Grand Slam" bombs at the "Valentin" bunker. Two hits are scored.
On March 27 3 "seals" run to Dunkirk to supply the enclosed fortress. —On March 28 there are still 3 "seals" in action. At the same time, an extensive storm bottom is approaching over the southern North Sea. Coastal forces cannot be deployed these days. So whether the British route steamer Jim (833 GRT) on March 30th before Orford was actually sunk by torpedo attack, as British sources indicate, remains controversial.
In March, "seals" sank at least 3 ships in a total of 29 enemy missions and lost 9 boats as a result. On the other hand, there are 142 daily operations of the 16th group of the RAF Coastal Command, which were solely dedicated to combating micro-submarines (Mattes, 136-138).
Operation »Starvation«: Mine operations with B 29 Tinian's 21st Bomb Group USAAF in support of the Okinawa landing. Of 1529 aircraft launched, 102 turn around, 1427 machines throw 12,135 mines (4921 magnetic, 3507 acoustic, 2959 pressure-magnetic and 748 low-frequency mines) in the Strait of Shimonoseki and in front of Kure / Hiroshima, Sasebo, Fukuoka / Karatsu, Harima / Nada, Kobe / Osaka, Hiuchi Nada, Nagoya, Tokyo / Yokohama, Niigata / Sakata, Maizuru / Tsuruga, Nanao / Fushiki, Hagi, Yuya, Senzuki, Sakai and Funakawa on the Japanese islands as well as in front of Fusan, Rashin, Reisui, Masan, Seishin, Konan, Genzan, Geijits Wan and Hamada in Korea. 15 planes are lost. On March 31 become the destroyer Hibiki and the destroyer escort Inagi damaged by mines.
When the USAAF attacks Makassar (Celebes) on March 28th the Japanese minesweeper W-11 and on March 31 4 small ships sunk from a coastal convoy.
German port facilities in Porsgrunn as well as the quays with the ships moored there are attacked with rockets by 24 mosquitos of the "Banff Strike Wing" (143, 235, 248, and 333 Sqn. RAF), while 8 more mosquitos provide air cover and fire support. Many buildings are badly damaged. The German freighter Scharhorn (2643 GRT) and the Norwegian freighters Quirid Borgstad (1664 GRT), Svanefjell (1371 GRT), Gudrid (1305 GRT) and Torafirs (823 GRT) are sunk. Device in a low-flying attack Mosquito, T ’ / 235 (F / Lt. Knowles †) into a high voltage line and then crashes over a nearby wooded area.
Air War Germany
B 24 the 8th USAAF dropped 916 tons of bombs on the port facilities of Wilhelmshaven: Cruiser Cologne, Submarines U 96, U 429, U 3508, Escort boat F 6 / Queen Luise, Speedboat P. 186, P. 194 and S 224, Minesweepers M 329 and M 3430, Submarine tender Vistula, Barge Nyassa (8757 GRT), the freighter Hansburg (1000 GRT), Hamburg (676 GRT), Eider (656 GRT) and woodpecker (656 GRT) and 2 tugs are sunk. — B 17 the 8th USAAF drop 1103 t bombs at the Werft AG Weser in Bremen: U 72, U 430, U 870, as well as the unfinished U 882, U 884, U 3036, U 3045,U 3046 are sunk, U 3042 and U 3043 are destroyed on the slipway. U 1197 is damaged and on April 25th. decommissioned in Bremerhaven. The freighters Gijon (ex Stentor, 2032 GRT) and Stella (479 GRT) sink. — On the night of March 31st attack the groups No. 1, 6 (RCAF) and 8 RAF Bomber Command with 469 aircraft Hamburg , especially the Blohm & Voss shipyard. U 348, U 350, U 1131 and U 1167 are sunk by bombs U 2340 is destroyed. 5 freighters, including Stormarn (1459 GRT) and Martha Russ I. (996 GRT) decrease. 11 planes are lost.
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