What are examples of gender roles

Gender roles? It's high time to get rid of clichés

International Women's Day on March 8th was launched by women's rights activist Clara Zetkin and celebrated for the first time in 1911. International Women's Day, also known as International Women's Day, stands for equality between women and men. Back then it was all about giving women the right to vote, but there is still a lot to change today. Global human rights must also be women's rights, an end to all forms of discrimination based on gender, equal salaries for women and men, i. H. Closing the gender pay gap, the gender data gap - the list is long. We have to rethink our language, formulate it in a gender-sensitive manner and manifest more diversity in our heads.

But does it mean to have the same rights to actually be the same? Clichés about the differences between men and women abound and they still influence our inner role models. What are these stereotypes about and what use are they to us?

From parking to grilling: gender roles and typical clichés

Men are not empathetic, women are hysterical. Men only want sex, women are incapable of technology and math. Men can't listen and are sorry, women are bitchy. We all have stereotypes and stereotypes about the differences between men and women in our minds.

From a psychological point of view, stereotypes fulfill an important function: They help us to organize our often complicated world and ensure social consensus. On the one hand, this can be amusing for some - if we For example, remembering the (questionable) comedy successes of Mario Barth, who actually filled the Olympic Stadium with his gender clichés. On the other hand, stereotypes are extremely hindering to leave the typical role models behind us. You also focus heavily on the classic categorization of two genders, although we now know:

Gender can be understood as a dimension. There is so much more to it than just male and female.

So let's look outside the box of everyday psychology and take a closer look at the supposed man-woman gap.

The biological differences between men and women

The basic biological assumption is that men have a penis and women have a vagina. So far, so feminine or masculine. There are also a few other organs, such as the uterus and ovaries, that men do not have. But here, too, we have to think ahead: There are women who do not have female genital organs and, for example, do not get their period. The same applies to men: Because trans men and trans women must also be taken into account here and should be represented in our understanding of gender.

An additional fact from biology: Men have "their" prostate. However, a team of researchers from the University Clinic for Gynecology in Vienna found that women also have prostate-like glandular tissue. About half of all women have this “female prostate”. Statistically speaking, women are also less prone to disease and have a longer life expectancy than men. This has to do with the two X chromosomes in women, which can compensate for any genetic defects. This does not work for men because of the differences in the XY composition.

The psychological differences between men and women

The US psychologist Janet Shibley Hyde of the University of Wisconsin has evaluated 46 meta-analyzes that deal with the differences between men and women. The investigation covered all possible areas of personality, cognition and behavior. The sobering result: men can throw a projectile much faster and further than women. That was the biggest difference the professor could find between the sexes. From an anatomical point of view, no surprise, and when we think back to our national youth games, we know: It's true - with a few exceptions - actually. However, this result is only really sobering if one hoped for confirmation of common clichés from psychological research. In fact, however, the differences between different men, e.g. B. in terms of spatial imagination, can be the same or even greater than that between men and women. Which brings us to the most important point ...

We are all free individuals

The sex-gender debate is not for free. The question is actually not at all: What is a typical man or a typical woman? But: what is a man or a woman anyway? At first we found that most men have a penis and most women have a vagina. But this biological trait has nothing to do with a person's gender identity. We can't choose our anatomy, but we can choose whether we want to live as a man, woman or non-binary. However, this also means that it is up to each person to what extent he or she wants to fulfill gender roles and clichés.

Despite all emancipation, it is just as okay for a woman to wear long hair and go to the toilet with friends as it is for men to smoke a cigar and watch football - and vice versa. So how can we best overcome the stereotypes in our heads in the long term?

Counter gender stereotypes with mindfulness

Everyone is talking about mindfulness when it comes to wellbeing. Mindfulness means that we perceive without judgment. Mindfulness can also serve us well when it comes to the differences between men and women. I meet z. B. a man in a dress, I can find myself calling this outfit "feminine" inside. It is completely normal for us to stumble upon stereotypes as a result of a social imprint that simply pop up at such moments. Instead of unintentionally giving this person irritated and insecure looks, I can become aware of my inner stereotype.

Stereotypes and gender clichés have developed socially over centuries. However, every day is a welcome opportunity to question this and no longer base our behavior on it. So that people are completely freed from their biological and social gender (gender) not only have equal rights, but can be who they really are every day.

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