Is moss organic or inorganic
Algae, mosses, ferns and mushrooms
Cryptogams - Plants and Mushrooms that Secretly Marry?
Under the name Cryptogams the flowerless plants used to be grouped together. The term that translates as much as get married in secret means, is hardly used today. However, it reveals some properties of the algae, mosses, ferns and mushrooms that were also assigned to this group. In addition to their ability to not form flowers, they have other important things in common. One of these things in common is their great diversity. They are able to colonize almost all habitats and because of this property they are widespread. In addition, they reproduce all over Spurs.
Representatives and characteristics of mushrooms
The Mushrooms form a very species-rich group, but are considered relatively unexplored. They live in the country and include both multicellular and unicellular organisms. One distinguishes Stand mushrooms and Ashes. Representatives of the mushrooms are e.g. the baker's yeast, the fly agaric or the mold.
When we think of mushrooms, we usually think of the structural features of a mushroom. This is multicellular and consists of one Fruiting bodies and the Mushroom plexus, which is also called Mycelium referred to as. The fruiting body is divided into a hat and a stem.
The multicellular fungi are made up of thread-like cells called hyphae. They can have one or more cell nuclei. The Construction and propagation of mushrooms differ from species to species.
Lifestyle and importance of mushrooms
Mushrooms feed like animals heterotrophic. So they feed on organic substances, which they break down by releasing enzymes. This property serves to differentiate the fungi from the plants to which they have been attributed for a long time. They reproduce asexually. Multicellular fungi reproduce through spores. These can have several functions, such as spreading or persisting. Single-celled mushrooms, like the yeast, plant themselves through Sprout away. During the sprouting, outgrowths are formed, which are then pinched off. Fungi are also able to enter into symbioses. A symbiotic community between fungi and algae or cyanobacteria is called lichen designated.
Mushrooms are not only of great importance as food for humans. They form the basis for the production of antibiotics and are also used in the production of food, such as alcoholic fermentation. So includes the ecological Importance of yeast diverse areas of application, such as food production or biotechnology. In general, mushrooms play a very important role as decomposers in the material cycle. But they can also be harmful. Molds can cause allergies or poisoning in humans and animals.
Characteristics and way of life of the algae
Seaweed are single-cell or multicellular organisms that grow in water or in damp locations. They can photosynthesize and reproduce both asexually and sexually. So they can multiply by dividing or by forming spores. In addition, the algae do this Generational change. When the generation changes, sexual and asexual reproduction alternate. The unicellular algae represent a representative of the Diatoms represent.
Algae feed, unlike mushrooms, autotrophic. This means that they can absorb inorganic substances through photosynthesis and convert them into organic ones. They are of great importance as a food source for heterotrophic aquatic organisms.
Characteristics and way of life of the mosses
Mosses live in the country and predominantly colonize damp locations. They form moss cushions on tree trunks, walls or moors. At the Construction of the mosses can you use them in Moss and Liverworts distinguish. Mosses consist of a stem, many leaflets and rhizoids, i.e. root-like structures. Liverworts consist of a lobed part of the plant.
Like algae, mosses feed themselves autotrophically because they Photosynthesis can operate. They also reproduce via spores. During the reproduction of the mosses, asexual and sexual reproduction alternate. Like the algae, they too are changing generations. The Importance of mosses in the forest makes them important representatives in the ecosystem. They serve as water reservoirs and filters and are also of great importance as location indicators. As pointer plants, they provide information about the moisture and acidity of the soil.
Characteristics and way of life of the fern plants
Also the Fern plants are widespread. The Ferns are divided into groups Real ferns, horsetail family and Bear moss plants, whereby some groups of ferns differ in construction and reproduction.
The fern plants are autotrophic and reproduce through spores. During reproduction, asexual and sexual reproduction alternate. Fern plants also show the generation change.
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