Why should someone be racist

racism: 20 recommendations to be less racist

It was just a joke? Maybe. But you can behave in a racist way without wanting to. And then? A few points to think further

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Racism orders our thinking and living together. With the series "Everyday Racism" in 2018 we wanted to find out why this is the case, what it means for society and how it can be changed. Because of the racism protests and discussions after the death of George Floyd, we are showing the text again.

1. If you ask people during small talk where they come from and they answer Munich - then that's probably just the way it is. Please do not (immediately) ask about your parents, grandparents, and great-grandparents. Better ask yourself: Why is this so important to you? Can that go away?

2. Was it just a joke and not mean? Maybe for you. It often doesn't come across with those affected. Many associate racist jokes with violent experiences. And to be honest: Anyone who jokes at the expense of disadvantaged people is simply not funny.

3. If you see people being treated in a racist way: Discreetly ask those affected what you can do for them. Don't do anything that people don't want to do.

4. A smart person named Vernā Myers said in a TED talk: "Diversity is being invited to a party. Inclusion is when you are asked if you want to dance." Eating together is also possible.

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5. Do your friends or relatives make racist comments or post racist content? You can log out, others cannot. Therefore, don't leave the reaction to those who have to deal with it all the time. Always having to defend yourself is very exhausting.

7. The question about experiences of racism is very personal. Many have buried bad experiences in themselves. Respect the fact that not everyone wants to talk to you about it at all times.

8. Not all people with a migration background are experts in immigration, integration, Islam or foreign countries. If they obviously have no idea, then treat them like any other person who has no idea.

9. Conversely, experts on migration or discrimination often have many years of personal experience with these topics. If you want to learn from them, like all experts, listen to them or ask questions. Please do not teach them with private anecdotes.

10. If you have the opportunity to give someone a voice (in an essay, at an event), then also look for authors and speakers with a migration background. If you cancel yourself, make a recommendation. Give your spotlight to people who are little heard.

12. Do you think black men or Asian women are particularly hot? There is a long history of sexualization of strangers. Affected people sometimes find these supposedly positive attributions degrading.

13. In principle, but even more so with this topic: Do not acquire the knowledge of other people as if it were your own. When you've heard or read something interesting, quote the author.

14. As a woman or Ossi, do you have experiences similar to those of migrants? Do not equate racism with other forms of discrimination such as sexism. Sometimes it gets even more complicated: forms of discrimination can overlap and intensify when a person is discriminated against more than once. Some are black, female, homosexual and have physical limitations - and grew up in East Germany.

15. There are no skin colors for you because all people are the same? People who are ascribed a dark skin color have different experiences because of this ascribed skin color. You can just accept that.

16. If someone points out to you that a remark was hurtful, take a deep breath and count in your head to at least ten, preferably to 100, before counter-attacking. Perhaps the counterattack will have evaporated by then. Then you would only have verbally injured once, that's enough.

18. Separate the analytical criticism of racism from your individual actions. You have to be able to analyze some phenomena without engaging in a good-or-bad discussion.

19. Just because you don't know anyone who has racism does not mean that there is no such thing as racism.

20. It's not about guilt, it's about responsibility.