Why do I need web hosting

Web hosting: what is it exactly?

  • Costs, standards and services
  • Data and failure security

What is web hosting?

Web hosting is essential for a convincing and always accessible presence on the Internet - unless you want to operate your own server for it. The main service consists of renting storage space or web space on the provider's servers. Would you like to go online with an online shop, a company homepage or a blog? The web space required for this is put together with the appropriate features, relevant interfaces and applications to form a complete product bundle with which you can start your web project professionally. Security standards, failure safety and measures to protect against data loss are just as much a part of the included services as being accompanied by competent support should you ever need help.

In which Server provided by the web hosting provider is a powerful calculator that in continuous operation and connected to the internet is. Only if this is the case, your website can be accessed online at any time anywhere in the world. You could also operate your own server and host your web projects there yourself. However, you then bear all costs for hardware and software. In this case, you have to manage all security precautions as well as the maintenance of the server yourself. Booking a complete solution with an experienced web hosting provider is therefore more efficient and reliable.

The range of possible web projects is huge. For example, you can implement the following projects with the right web hosting package:

  • Online business cards
  • Blogs
  • Business websites
  • Online shops and trading platforms
  • Magazines and editorial websites
  • Forums and communities
  • Comprehensive image databases
  • Websites with podcasts

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What web hosting standards are there?

When choosing your web hosting package, you should pay attention to the following basic standards:

  • Expandable web space: The size of the storage space can be flexibly expanded.
  • Desired domain (s): A professional website is only complete with its own domain that you choose yourself. Domains are included in the package price up to a certain number.
  • Mailboxes: The setup and management of e-mail addresses with sufficient storage space is included, as is secure data transmission (SSL / TLS).
  • Security / data and virus protection: The location of the server is secure and your data remains protected from computer viruses, malware and unauthorized access - this also applies to your customers' data.
  • Traffic: Unlimited data traffic for your own website is standard these days.
  • Price: A good price / performance ratio is important so that the costs do not put an undue burden on your project.
  • Service: Your web hosting provider has a high quality standard when it comes to service and acts as your partner in the creation and management of your website.

What does web hosting cost?

The provision of storage space to operate a web presence is the core service of every web hosting provider, but the providers differ considerably in terms of scope of services, data security and business model. First of all, web hosting can be fundamentally divided into fee-based tariffs and free offers.

Free web hosting providers finance themselves through advertising and rely accordingly on large numbers of users and high data volumes. The offered capacities and functions are often limited, a web server is shared between many customers, which affects the performance of your own website. Advice and support are usually not offered free of charge by such providers. Free web hosting also lacks the flexibility to meet changing demands and to adapt to the growth of your web project in terms of tariffs. This option is usually only worthwhile for very few, small, private projects.

Demand-based tariff packages for paid and professional web hosting are available for every type of web presence. Detailed advice in advance by the respective customer service department minimizes future expenses and provides an important overview of a large number of services and additional features that a free provider cannot provide. You don't have to worry about virus and data protection with a paid and certified provider, nor about regular backups and competent service. You can run your web projects successfully for just a few euros a month.

But the user interface, additional features, flexibility, security and advice should also be taken into account when choosing the service provider and tariff package and included in the assessment of the price-performance ratio.

Which hosting plan is right for my project?

In order to choose a suitable offer for your individual needs, all components of your website should be taken into account. This primarily includes that required data volume and the expected traffic. A competent web hosting provider minimizes loading times and keeps your content ready for use. The visitors to your website benefit from this - and this in turn benefits the success and search engine placement of your website. In general, the more extensive the data volume and traffic of your web project, the more web space your website needs.

The more complex and extensive the planned website or the greater the number of expected calls by users, the higher the demands on web hosting. Think about which functions your online presence should fulfill - is it about a pure information offer or even a web shop that not only involves high data volumes, but also strict data security requirements as well as large storage space and RAM requirements? Ideally, you will get all the features you need for your project from a single reliable provider, so that you can use your resources exclusively for your content and business processes instead of for the technical framework.

Most web hosting offers are based on the so-called Shared web hosting and are suitable for small to medium-sized online projects of all kinds. With shared web hosting, many websites share the same server system, which keeps costs low and still guarantees performance in line with requirements.

Depending on your needs and budget, you can make the selection taking into account various factors. The entry-level tariffs differ from the professional tariffs mainly in terms of the following core elements:

  • Size of the storage space on your web space
  • Number of domains included
  • Number of databases required, depending on how many websites you want to operate within a web hosting package
  • Number of required FTP accesses to your web space
  • Number of subdomains required
  • Number of e-mail inboxes
  • Size of the e-mail storage
  • Additional features available
  • Degree of security and scope of advice (support)

If special functions such as PHP or cron jobs are necessary for your project and you want a certain service level for support, this usually requires the selection of an extended package.

Can I adjust the scope of web hosting services if necessary?

Even if you decided on an entry-level package at the beginning, you can switch to a more extensive web hosting package at any time later. The change takes place without affecting the performance of your current web presence. A professional web hosting provider will also support you every step of the way.

Are my details safe?

Web hosting in Germany is subject to German data protection laws. Pay attention to your choices TÜV-certified providers with server locations in Germany. So you always know that your website meets the basic requirements of the EU GDPR data protection regulation and what happens to your and your customers' data. Your e-mails, website content or other data are optimally protected and you can move around in a legally secure manner.

The TÜV seal according to ISO 27001 certifies web hosting providers a high availability and security of the IT infrastructure, both of the secondary technology and the process chain. Maintenance and security monitoring are also guaranteed by professional web hosts, and server hardware and software are always up to date.

Hacker attacks are effectively fended off with certain protective mechanisms. The automatic security service of many web hosting providers protects your web presence in the background. Unauthorized write access is successfully blocked and you can be sure that your data has not been manipulated without authorization. The spam protection of your e-mail inboxes successfully fends off viruses and other malware and protects your communication data.

Choosing a trustworthy web host relieves you of a lot of work when it comes to security with its know-how and professional management and brings many advantages.

How is failure safety guaranteed?

So that your website is permanently available to you and your target group, all content - in the form of data - must be stored on a web server and permanently accessible from there. The high-performance servers of the providers guarantee high availability of your web projects, even when the workload is high. With effective backup systems, in which your web project is distributed over different servers, the availability of your web presence can be ensured around the clock. This is guaranteed by an uninterruptible power supply, data mirroring and back-ups. In the data center rooms, emergency power generators ensure autonomous operation in an emergency, as do modern fire alarms and trained staff.

Large companies, however, often operate their own web servers in their data centers, which are managed there by technology professionals. If you don't have a budget for this or want to keep the expenses as low as possible, outsourcing web hosting is the method of choice. Web hosting providers rent out web space on high-performance servers, the capacities of which guarantee a smooth user experience even with large amounts of data and increased traffic.

Safety precautions that I can actively control myself

As the operator of a website, you can do a lot for that Security of your web presence to guarantee.

In addition to choosing a secure web host, this includes:

  1. Secure encryption of all data connections on your website using an SSL certificate
  2. Up-to-dateness of your content management system
  3. Secure access data with cryptic passwords
  4. Use of two-factor authentication: two-step login to the backend of your website
  5. How up-to-date your computer's operating system is
  6. Virus scanner and firewall on your computer are up-to-date
  7. Currentness of the browser

If your website is infected with malware or if a hacker attack occurs, you will be contacted by your web hosting provider. Take measures here immediately (such as importing a clean backup) to prevent your website visitors from being infected.

Support: What resources are available to me?

A competent support team is available to assist you every step of the way, from deciding on a package to setting up your website and answering questions about security. As additional services, most providers offer immediate troubleshooting and advanced technical support from experts. If required, certain tariffs also include performance and security management.

Conclusion & checklist

Think in advance how many websites you would like to implement with your new web hosting, how many databases you will need for this, whether the website has potentially a lot of data traffic or whether it needs a lot of storage space. The following checklist will help you to select the tariff that suits you best:

If you want to run a website, you first have to decide on a domain. For this, there is first of all an available, i.e. not assigned Select a domain name. The search function on the website of the respective provider can help. Once the domain name has been determined, it still has to be registered. The provider takes over this service for you. Each registered domain is given a unique URL that identifies the storage location on the provider's server - “URL” stands for “Uniform Resource Locator”. The Domain Name System (DNS) is in turn responsible for converting the domain name into an IP address and supports the exchange of data when a computer requests data. The IP addresses of private PCs change occasionally - for example when the router is restarted - which is why the operation of a website on your own computer can be interrupted even with a permanent connection and sufficient storage space.

Depending on the tariff, you can sometimes register several domains (for example with “.de”, “.com” and / or “.org”). Subdomains help to make the website and the user experience clearer. Internationalized domain names (IDN) offer the possibility of subsequently integrating special characters, letters and umlauts.

When choosing the domain name, make sure that the length of the domain is as short as possible and that the name is memorable and in line with your corporate identity. Even if many unusual domain endings such as .kaufen or .money are available, well-known endings such as .de or .com look more serious.

The creation of the domain is usually followed by the Set up suitable e-mail accounts and mailboxes. The web hosting provider provides a certain amount of storage space, which is usually sufficient for many thousands of e-mails.

The e-mail account with the e-mail address usually follows the scheme Name/[email protected], but can be freely structured by the user. If you have several e-mail accounts, we recommend a uniform structure such as [email protected] or [email protected]. In terms of scope and storage volume, the selected tariff should also meet the long-term requirements of the project. In addition to flexibly expandable storage space, secure web hosting should also include the archiving of your e-mails in compliance with data protection regulations. This helps you to meet the requirements of the current data protection regulation EU GDPR.

Around Upload content from your own computer to the web space of your website, you need what is known as FTP access. This file transfer protocol or file transfer protocol transfers files from your own computer to the web server, with FTP providing access to the folder structure of the web space. Either the provider's own backend or a content management system serves as the administration interface. In addition, tools such as FileZilla represent proven applications for the secure transmission of data.

Access to your web space should always be protected with a cryptic password, as otherwise there could be a point of attack for malware.

For operating many modern content management systems like WordPress is a SQL database necessary. The necessary website data and access are managed here. You can do the basic setup of the database separately before installing the actual content management system, so you can immediately assign a name that is easy to remember and, if necessary, determine the password yourself. During the installation process, which is carried out in the browser itself, the respective database is then automatically filled with the data from the basic installation.

Today's standard tool for managing databases is phpMyAdmin. You can access it from the backend area of ​​your web hosting package.

When choosing a content management system (CMS for short), in addition to functional and design aspects, you should also focus on the Ease of use of the administration interface respect, think highly of. Many CMS nowadays have an intuitive user interface. For the uncomplicated 1-click installation of website software, the following modern, powerful and free open source CMS are available at STRATO Webhosting: WordPress, Joomla !, Drupal, Typo3 and Serendipity. Even operators of forums or wikis will find what they need at STRATO: phpBB is available for Internet forums as well as for MediaWikis or various guest book solutions.

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