Are short films commercially viable?
Short film, rules, criteria:
1. Observe legal regulations:
Films on / in private ownership: Obtain the consent of the owner / manager.
Personal rights: If a person is easily recognizable, obtain consent.
Weapons: Do not carry weapons or imitations in public!
Pretending to be a criminal offense: be careful when shooting scenes that are difficult to understand!
Copyright, intellectual property: Do not use protected music, graphics, log files, maps, film clips, ...!
Test the interaction between camera (file format) and cutting device (software) beforehand.
If several cameras are used, ensure that the image format and file format are the same!
Exploring technical possibilities:
Camera: frame rate (flutter when panning?), Close-up, zoom, image quality at dusk, storage medium / recording time, battery / battery status, sound quality. Film cameras are usually only used in landscape format, the screen cannot be tilted upright!
Cutting software: film image format (preferably 4/3, if possible not 16/9), file format: input / output, image-accurate cutting, audio track editing, possibly up to: cross-fading, title generator, slow motion / fast motion, picture-in-picture / Green or blue screen technology?
Delivery as Windows Meta-Video, wmv (from Movie-Maker) or mpeg2, or mpg (2) or mpgII.
3. Content, dramaturgy:
A story needs a dramaturgy: introduction of the actors, development of expectations, climax with turning point, end, possibly with a message.
A slapstic comedy made up of individual action sequences (gags) must be summarized by means of a framework.
4. Scope, quantity:
Please only plan easily realizable scenes, if possible in unity of place, time and plot.
Don't include too many locations, don't mix up too many actions, bring every story to an end!
In this exercise, special emphasis is placed on the cinematic Design elements, especially the camera work, lighting, editing and assembly!
Acting performances and useful electronic effects also contribute to a good film, but are not the focus here!
If possible, the story should be told through the images and, if possible, without language and without commercial music.
Camera work, design means:
The temporal and meaningful components of the film are called: take, sequence, scene, these are cut together in the montage for the plot.
The settings go from wide-angle, long shot, half-long shot, American shot, half-close shot to close-up, close-up and close-up.
Use the setting value sensibly, do not record sequences that are too long with the same setting size, alternate sensibly!
Motifs can be emphasized by adjusting the focal length (zoom). Please only use it sensibly!
The axes from camera to action can take place in normal perspective, top view or bottom view, please use only sensibly!
The action frontally, diagonally or transversely to the camera or alternating between panning and driving Avoid unnecessary pans, especially with a bad camera!
Avoid axis skip: The camera must not skip the axis of action within a sequence: People in conversation, moving vehicles always point from one side. (180 degree rule: axis jump of 180 degrees, over the axis of action, avoid)
Lighting, design means:
Lighting: Soft light, guide light from diagonally above and behind (towards the camera) is normal.
A highlighted light or reflective surface ensures good definition.
The drama is increased by hard light, unusual incidence of light and dark scenery.
Light effects through moving light, shadow structures, colored light, ...
Cut, design means:
The length of the shot controls the interpretation of the picture, consider the logic of the mind when changing scenes.
Control thoughtfulness with long settings and hecticness with short settings.
Assembly, design means:
Depicting difficult-to-stage motifs in the “off” with noises: Car accident: after the car has left the field of view, there is a crash noise.
If an action cannot be carried out, use the camera to get close to the details that are just about realizable and to mount these recordings in a meaningful way.
There is narrative montage, parallel montage, association montage, formal montage, ...
People and locations must be introduced in each sequence, this is usually done through a long shot,
an overview. People and objects then appear in closer shots.
Combine tedious processes with time-lapse or many small cuts.
Sound, design means:
Record and mix the soundtrack again, mostly the original sound cannot be used. Do not use commercial music!
Show scenes that are impossible to realize (car accident) in the off using noises.
6. Organize the presentation:
Hardware / software: player and possibly codec for film. The film may be submitted in .wmv and .mpeg2 format, preferably 4/3 image format.privacy
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