Meth causes constipation

Speed ​​is related to ecstasy and crystal meth. The most important questions and answers about the amphetamine.

What is speed?

Speed, also called "Pep" or "Amphe" in the scene, is a synthetically produced amphetamine. It belongs to the group of psychostimulants. In 1930 it was first launched on the market as a remedy for colds. It was first used in larger quantities during World War II. It ensured that soldiers were awake for longer in combat situations. Today speed is mostly snorted as a powder. Its purity is between 10 and 80 percent. Amphetamines can also be taken as tablets or, when dissolved in water, injected.

What happens in the body and in the central nervous system?

Speed ​​affects the sympathetic nervous system in the brain, which increases the willingness to act. It puts the organism in a state of alarm in which everything is geared towards "fight or flight". The messenger substances dopamine and noradrenaline are released in the brain. At low doses, consumers feel relaxed alertness and strength. The bronchi expand in the body. The pulse is racing, blood pressure and body temperature rise.

How does Speed ​​work after taking it?

Being more alert, stronger, more productive - this feeling conveys speed. It creates a strong euphoria for a short time, has a sexually stimulating and disinhibiting effect. Consumers feel neither hunger, thirst nor tiredness. At the same time, it increases self-confidence, the urge to move and talk. Dosage, internal constitution and external influences play an important role in the effect. A speed trip in your own four walls can feel completely different than in a techno disco.

What are the health consequences of speed consumption?

Unpleasant side effects include sweating and shivering, dry mouth, tremors, and muscle cramps. Life-threatening consequences can be heat build-up with the risk of circulatory collapse, acute kidney failure, stroke and heart attack. Sometimes irritation, aggression, restlessness, depressive and paranoid feelings arise. Serious psychological side effects are hallucinations and impaired consciousness, which can lead to a coma.

Constant consumption weakens the immune system. The result is frequent infections. Long-term users also often suffer from high blood pressure, loss of appetite, insomnia, aggressive outbursts and depression.

How high is the dependency potential?

Regular colds can lead to severe psychological dependence. The dose must be continuously increased in order to achieve the desired effect. Withdrawal is not as difficult as with heroin, however. Typical withdrawal symptoms are frequent falling asleep, severe disorders of the sleeping / waking rhythm, lethargy, depression, mood swings, fidgety and eating disorders, which can lead to rapid weight gain. According to doctors, it takes about a year and a half for the transmitter system in the brain, which has been damaged by the drug, to fully recover.

(Sources: German Central Office for Addiction Issues, Federal Center for Health Education, Fachverband Sucht e.V., Bayreuth District Hospital)