Muslims don't like dogs
The prohibition to acquire dogs, except for what the Islamic law has excluded
Praise be to Allah ..
The Muslim is not allowed to get a dog, except when he needs this dog for hunting or guarding livestock and crops.
Al-Bukhari (2145) narrated from Abu Huraira, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, had said:
"Anyone who keeps a dog whose deed is reduced by one qirat (Arabic unit of measure) every day, except for a farm or herding dog."
Muslim (2974) narrated from Abu Huraira, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:
“Anyone who buys a dog, except a herding or hunting dog, their deed is reduced by one qirat every day.” ´Abdullah said: “Abu Huraira said:“ Or a farm dog. ”
Ibn ´Abdul Barr said:
“This hadith says that it is permissible to get a dog for hunting and herding. It's the same with agriculture. "
Ibn Majah (3640) narrated from ´Ali ibn Abi Talib, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Prophet, may peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:
"Certainly, the angels do not enter a house where there is a dog or a picture."
Al-Albani classified this in "Saheeh ibn Majah" as authentic.
These hadiths prove that it is forbidden to get a dog, except for what the Messenger, may peace and blessings of Allaah, except.
Scholars disagreed as to the connection between the tradition of one qirat and that of two qirat.
It is said that if the dog does more harm, the wages are reduced by two qirat and that it is reduced by one qirat if the damage is less.
It is also said that the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, first reported that he (the wages) decreased by one qirat, then added the penalty and reported that he decreased by two qirats deter people even more from getting a dog.
And the qirat is, by Allah, exalted be He, a known measure. What is meant is that part of the wages is reduced by the act.
See “Sharh Muslim Lin Nawawi” (342/10) and “Fath Al-Bari” (9/5).
Shaykh ibn 'Uthaimin said in "Sharh Riyad As-Salihin" (241/4):
“As far as the acquisition of a dog is concerned, it is forbidden. Rather, this is one of the great sins, since the wages of whoever buys a dog will be reduced by two qirats except for what is exempted.
It is part of the wisdom of Allah, Mighty and Mighty, that bad women belong to bad men and bad men belong to bad women. It is said that every single unbeliever among the Jews, Christians and Communists, in the East and West, has a dog who takes refuge with Allah, which he takes with him. Every day he washes him with soap and other grooming products, although if he washed him with the water of all the seas and the soap of the whole world, he (the dog) would not get clean, since the impurity (of the dog) is natural and this impurity becomes pure only when it is corrupted and made to disappear completely.
However, this is part of the wisdom of Allah. Allah's wisdom is that these bad people will be familiar with bad things just as they will be familiar with the revelation of Satan, since that disbelief is of the revelation and command of Satan, for Satan commands the shameful, the reprehensible Unbelief and heresy. So they are slaves to Satan and lust. They are also bad people who are familiar with the bad things. We ask Allah for guidance for us and for them. "
Is it allowed to get a dog to guard the houses?
The Prophet, may peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, exempted only three (types of dogs) from the prohibition of getting a dog. These are (1) the hunting dog, (2) the herding dog and (3) the farm dog.
Some scholars have suggested that it is not permissible to acquire a dog except in these three cases. Others are of the opinion that it is permissible to compare these three with similar or more important ones, as in the case of guard dogs. Because if it is allowed to get a herding or field dog, it is even more likely to get a guard dog.
An-Nawawi said in "Sharh Muslim" (340/10):
"Is it allowed to get a dog to guard houses, paths and the like? There are two views on this:
First, that it is not allowed because of the obvious hadiths, which state that it is forbidden except for the fields, hunting and cattle.
But it is more correct that it is permitted, compared with these three and in action according to the understood reason from the hadith, which is the necessity. "
What an-Nawawi, may Allah have mercy on him, classified as authentic; Shaykh ibn ´Uthaimin, may Allah have mercy on him, classified it as authentic in “Sharh Saheeh Muslim”. He said:
“It is correct that it is allowed to buy a (dog) to guard houses. And if it is permissible to acquire a dog in order to gain such a benefit from it, as in the case of hunting, then it is more likely to acquire one to ward off damage and protect yourself.
End of his approximate statement.
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