Which army has the best special forces

The toughest special forces in the world

Drug wars, terrorist attacks, hostage releases. Whenever the military and police reach their limits, they are in action: the toughest special forces in the world. Some of them have long since become myths.

Navy Seals

The Navy Seals, the special unit of the US Navy, were a myth even before 2011. But then their most famous mission followed: On May 2, 2011, they shot and killed Osama bin Laden in Pakistan - the most wanted terrorist in the world at the time, who was the mastermind behind the attacks on September 11, 2001 in the United States.

"Seal" is made up of the words Sea, Air, Land - the elite unit is used on the sea, in the air and on the ground, in the fight against terrorism, combat missions, liberation and rescue operations. The training of the seals is considered to be one of the toughest in the world. Candidates must complete approximately 26 weeks of combat swimmer training and a five-week jump and parachute school. "Hell Week" is legendary, in which applicants are pushed to their limits with sleep deprivation, sports, shooting and explosives exercises. 70 to 80 percent drop out. The unit was officially founded on January 1, 1962. However, a forerunner is a combat swimmer unit, which was used in the landing operations of the Second World War.

GSG 9 of the Federal Police

The GSG 9 is the anti-terrorist unit of the German Federal Police. The elite group was founded as Grenzschutzgruppe 9 on September 26, 1972 - a direct reaction to the hostage-taking of Israeli athletes by the Palestinian terrorist organization "Black September" during the Olympic Games in Munich. The German authorities were overwhelmed by the situation, there were no appropriately trained security forces. An attempt at liberation failed catastrophically, and all the hostages, one policeman and five terrorists died. Five years later, the new special unit did a lot better with the hijacking of the "Landshut" plane. On the night of October 18, 1977, the elite group freed the hostages from the violence of the Palestinian terrorists of the PFLP. Operation "Magic Fire" lasted only seven minutes, three hostage-takers were killed and all of the hostages survived. The use made the GSG 9 world famous. Last year in Jordan, the elite unit confirmed that it rightly enjoys its high reputation. In a performance comparison with 20 international special commandos, it took first place - even ahead of the Navy Seals or the Special Air Service (SAS).

Special Air Service (SAS)

The Special Air Service (SAS), a special unit of the British Army, is one of the most experienced and oldest special units in the world. It was set up in 1941 during World War II. Your tasks initially: reconnaissance and sabotage operations, later war and anti-terror operations at home and abroad were added. The unit was so secret that its existence was denied for years. It was only officially confirmed when the SAS ended the hostage-taking in the Iranian embassy in London in 1980 - and the BBC cameras broadcast the images of the operation live around the world.

The members of the SAS are still subject to the highest level of secrecy today, and participation in military operations is still kept secret. This secrecy provides material for many speculations and conspiracy theories to this day.

Sajeret Matkal

The Sajeret Matkal, the "general staff scouts", are a special intelligence unit of the Israeli armed forces. Their main tasks include reconnaissance and counter-terrorism - a daily challenge in the powder keg in the Middle East. Often it is simply called "The Unity". The model of the special unit founded in 1957 is the Special Air Service - and they like to keep themselves silent, just as the British do. The public did not find out about the special unit until 1976 - when, with the help of Sajeret Matkal, it was possible to rescue 106 Air France passengers kidnapped at Uganda's Entebbe airport from the violence of PLO terrorists. Only one soldier died in the operation: Jonathan Netanyahu, the brother of the later Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who also served in the elite unit.

The extremely tough training lasts 20 months and includes courses in infantry combat management, a parachutist course, hand-to-hand combat training, exercises in diving missions and silent killing - and towards the end of the training a 120-kilometer march through the desert.

GRU Spetsnaz

There is the Russian army - and there is the "Speznas", a special unit of the military intelligence service GRU. The elite fighters are mainly used when it comes to reconnaissance, asymmetrical warfare or the fight against terrorism, the missions are particularly delicate and the public should not be aware of them. The "Spetsnaz" are also extremely secretive, only in 2014 did they venture out of their cover. Vladimir Putin ordered them to protect the Winter Olympics in Sochi. The president feared attacks by terrorists from the Caucasus.

The elite unit was established during the Cold War in 1950. Her specialty was operations behind enemy lines - such as sabotage against NATO facilities. In the conflict in Afghanistan in the 1980s, "Spetsna" troops were increasingly deployed. After the end of the Soviet Union, they were mainly used in the territory of the former Soviet republics, for example in North Ossetia and Chechnya. Rumor has it that the elite fighters were also involved in the annexation of Crimea by Russia in March 2014.