Why are some teenagers bullied at school?

Bullying in school

Unfortunately, bullying in schools is relatively widespread. It is a permanent annoyance, harassment and attack directed against students. One speaks of bullying at school whenever the anger extends over a longer period of time. Short-term conflicts, quarrels or marginalization, on the other hand, are not included. Bullying can either be direct (verbal or physical) or indirect, such as through social isolation. Examples of bullying in school are when a student is regularly abused because of his appearance or when a skinny boy is regularly beaten by his classmates during recess.

Causes of Bullying in School

As a rule, students are bullied because of certain behaviors or characteristics, regardless of whether they are physical or psychological. When certain of these traits are concentrated or combined, they often make students the target of attack. The unfamiliar or different is also a common cause of bullying. Those who differ from the majority of the group often become victims of bullying. Other nationalities, looks, cultures, languages, clothes or religions are common causes of bullying behavior. The material and family situation of students can also be a reason for exclusion and attacks. Children who are new to the class can also become victims of bullying.

What are acts of bullying?

Bullying can be roughly divided into active and passive bullying. Studies show that girls tend to be more passive and boys more likely to be active. Passive or psychological bullying includes ignoring the victim, talking badly about the person behind the back, telling off, unfriendly behavior or spreading rumors. Insults and insults are also counted as passive bullying. Active or physical actions include, above all, physical violence in various forms. Blackmail, theft or damage to the victim's objects are also active acts of bullying.

In the vast majority of cases, the victims do not talk to the teachers or to their parents about their problem. Often they are afraid of standing there as sneaks and of being exposed to more attacks as a punishment. Even if the victims are not talking about the bullying directly, there are signs that may suggest it. For example, if they no longer want to go to school, if their academic performance is clearly deteriorating, or if they complain of constant headaches, these can be indicators of bullying problems.

Bullying in School - Consequences and Effects

Bullying students can lead to psychosomatic illness. For example, more and more students are suffering from depression. Dwindling self-esteem and self-confidence due to bullying can have a lasting effect on the character of the person concerned. A decline in performance can affect the entire school career and thus also the later career path.

Victims of bullying still find it difficult to acquire social skills even as adults. In the case of active bullying, physical damage sometimes occurs in the form of injuries due to physical violence. Offenders are also often affected by the negative consequences of bullying. They can often only distinguish themselves at the expense of others and fail to build and show true inner strength. Sometimes a faulty sense of justice develops, which can lead to later criminal acts.

Possible measures against bullying

There are various approaches and options for reducing bullying at school. Teaching social skills is one of the most important and effective measures. If content such as communication training, behavior in groups or conflict management is taught, bullying can be significantly reduced. More and more people are calling for social training to become an integral part of the curriculum. There is also the option of using so-called mediators. These are trained people who are deployed to conflict resolution in schools. It is important in the arbitration that neither side sees itself as a loser afterwards. Mediators can either be external adults or adolescents after they have been thoroughly trained.

You can find more information in the regularly published PISA study on the subject of "Bullying"

About the Author Profiling Institute

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