How do bad eating habits affect health

What is the influence of nutrition?

Overall, the body needs less energy in old age and when it is in need of care. But: nutrients such as vitamins are still important for health. How many exactly depends, among other things, on physical activity and a possible illness.

Improper nutrition can be harmful to health. Too many fats and carbohydrates can lead to obesity. Health problems are often the result.

On the other hand, problems with food intake can lead to malnutrition (malnutrition). This means that the body does not take in enough carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins or minerals. Malnutrition can lead to health problems: weakness, drowsiness, falls, poor wound healing, infections. Overall, the elderly have an increased risk of dying from the effects of malnutrition.

Eating and drinking behavior can change with age and when people are in need of care. The reasons for this are diverse. For example, hunger, thirst, smells and tastes are perceived worse. Loss of appetite is also part of everyday life in many older people. Depressive moods, loneliness or forgetfulness often contribute to the fact that people eat and drink less. People who are trembling a lot or whose mobility is restricted due to joint wear (osteoarthritis) or inflammation (arthritis) also need support with eating and drinking. Older people in need of care often suffer from chewing and swallowing difficulties. In some cases, a special diet is necessary, for example if you have kidney or liver disease.
In the case of severe restlessness or large, open wounds, there may also be an increased need for energy and nutrients.

You can find out what you can do to prevent malnutrition and dehydration in the tips against malnutrition and the tips against dehydration.