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Identity theft: Guide for those affected (2021)
What is Identity Theft?
The phenomenon of identity theft primarily describes that Misuse of a person's personal data by third parties. In this context, criminals use the foreign data for their illegal acts. It is more accurate to get to the heart of the matter if the identity theft as Identity Abuse is characterized. In contrast to theft, the unsuspecting victim can continue to use his data and often does not notice that his personal data is being misused for criminal activities.
Usually a personal fraud is only carried out to benefit numerous Pecuniary benefits get. In some cases, identity theft even turns into a Reputation damage targeted by the person concerned.
- 238 StGB reenactment
- 276 Falsification of documents
- 164 StGB False suspicion
- 269 StGB forgery of evidence-relevant data
- 263a StGB computer fraud
- 202a StGB spying on and intercepting data
Other parts about identity theft:
Part 2: Affected person reports Part 3: Expert interview
Identity theft on the Internet
Identity theft is happening more and more on the internet these days. In the course of internet-based identity theft, perpetrators make use of the possibilities of the World Wide Web to cause harm to the person concerned through any actions. Usually their deceptive mindset is taken from one of the two possible goals steered:
- Financial benefit
- Do harm due to base motives such as hatred, unrequited love, and envy
Forms of identity theft on the Internet
A distinction is made between different forms of identity theft on the Internet, depending on the target pursuit:
- Ordering goods
- Abuse of the name in blogs and forums
- Creation of false profiles on social networks
- False Facts
- False suspicion and allegation of criminal offenses
Consequences of identity theft
In contrast to conventional theft, in which one is only looking for valuables, identity theft goes a long way severe consequences with himself:
Loss of financial liquidity
Damage to creditworthiness
Loss of legal entitlement
Crimes committed lead to charges
Immense effort to restore reputation
Step by step - what to do if identity theft has occurred
If identity theft is discovered, the injured party must act immediately. In this regard, it makes sense to proceed as follows:
Step 1: Notify the credit reporting agency and issue a fraud warning
Step 2: Filing a complaint with the police
Step 3: Contact financial institutions and credit card companies
Step 4: setting up a loan lock
Step 5: Get legal advice
Measures to prevent identity theft
It is advisable to avoid identity theft in the first place following advice to heed:
In the first step it makes sense to have some knowledge of the Tricks and Fraud Methods to acquire, so that identity theft can be counteracted from the outset. In the course of this, one should pay close attention to who is entrusted with the personal data.
The personal data it is best to keep it always under lock. If a person, website or e-mail requests personal information, it makes sense to question the necessity and the usual procedure. For example, a bank would never email confirm bank details.
Preventive Actions - Online
Internet protection for the computer
Surf safely in public hotspots
Securing the WiFi network
In principle, passwords should have a length of at least ten characters have and from a combination consist of letters, numbers and special characters. If you follow a few guidelines, it is no problem to generate a secure password. It is also recommended to change the passwords change regularly. Under no circumstances should the passwords be passed on - not even to friends or relatives.
Preventive Measures - Offline
Immediate checking of bank statements
Securing personal documents
Monitoring of account movements
Use of a protection service
Does legal protection insurance help with identity theft?
Basically, the cases of identity theft are extremely problematic and raise questions such as "Who pays for the damage caused?" in the memory of those affected. This makes it all the more important to obtain legal assistance through legal protection insurance. Some insurers even offer one extra Online legal protection at.
With the help of a lawyer, the injured party has the opportunity to come to terms with what has happened and at the same time can feel more secure. Finally, the lawyer stands in advising on all aspects and can plan and organize the next steps. In the further course, the rights of the person concerned can be enforced by means of criminal and civil law proceedings:
Initiation of criminal proceedings
If you have suffered damage as a result of identity theft, the case should be for complaint to be brought. It is irrelevant whether the damage is of an asset-related nature or whether you are the victim of one Cyberbullying attack has been.
In criminal proceedings, prosecuting criminal identity theft is particularly difficult. The Phishing websites may be localized, but this is of little use if the servers used are scattered around the world or managed by a mailbox company.
Initiation of civil proceedings
In addition to the possibility of filing a criminal complaint, injured parties can also take civil action. Several options are possible here, which are supported by the Warning, above Cease and desist statements up to Claims for damages pass. The civil law enforcement of claims should not take place without the involvement of a lawyer. Since the perpetrator can escape abroad, the investigation into him can come to nothing.
Cyber insurance can also protect against cyber crime:
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