Where are Mecca and Medina

The main places for Muslims are Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem.

In Mecca the Prophet Mohammed was born and raised. According to tradition, the Archangel Gabriel started there to bring him the message of Allah. The Kaaba is also in Mecca. According to tradition, Adam built the room without a window as the first place of worship. Today it looks like a black cube and stands in the middle of the inner courtyard of the great al-Haram mosque. All Muslims pray towards the Kaaba today. During the pilgrimage it is a part of going around the Kaaba many times.

To Medina Mohammed emigrated after many people in Mecca refused to hear the message from Allah and threatened Mohammed. The emigration is called Hijra and is the beginning of the Islamic calendar. In Medina, Muhammad's message of Allah contributed to the creation of a new and peaceful form of community and coexistence.

As for Jews and Christians, the city is also for Muslims Jerusalem very important. Muslims believe that Mohammed began his heavenly journey here. Her name is Miraj. In heaven, according to tradition, Muhammad met many prophets and spoke to Allah. Mohammed interceded with him for his people so that Allah reduced their compulsory prayer from 50 to 5 times a day.
Initially, Muslims also prayed towards Jerusalem. Only later did they change direction to Mecca. (Quran, Sura 2: 144)
The golden dome of the Dome of the Rock spans the place from which Mohammed is said to have started his journey into heaven. Therefore, the Dome of the Rock is the most important building in the world for many Muslims, along with the Kaaba. Next to the Dome of the Rock is the Al-Aqsa Mosque. Together with the two mosques in Mecca and Medina, it is one of the three most important mosques for Muslims.

Your questions about important places in Islam


Which places are holy to Jews, Christians and Muslims at the same time?