Where can I find an unbiased political review

to review the European Neighborhood Policy

(2015/2002 (INI))

The European Parliament,

- based on Article 2, Article 3 (5), Article 8 and Article 21 of the Treaty on European Union,

- having regard to the joint consultation paper of the Commission and the Vice-President / High Representative of 4 March 2015 "Towards a new European Neighborhood Policy" (1),

- having regard to the Vice-President / High Representative's communications of 8 March 2011 'A partnership with the southern Mediterranean for democracy and shared prosperity' (COM (2011) 0200) (2) and of 25 May 2011 'A new response to a neighborhood in transition "(COM (2011) 0303) (3),

- having regard to the communication from the Commission of 11 March 2003 to the Council and the European Parliament "Wider Europe - Neighborhood: A New Framework for the EU's Relations with its Eastern and Southern Neighbors" (COM (2003) 0104) (4 ),

- having regard to the Council conclusions of 18 February 2008 on the European Neighborhood Policy (5) and of 20 April 2015 on the examination of the European Neighborhood Policy,

- having regard to the guidelines on the promotion and protection of the exercise of all human rights by lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and intersex (LGBTI) persons, adopted by the Foreign Affairs Council on 24 June 2013,

- having regard to its previous resolutions on the European Neighborhood Policy, in particular those of 20 November 2003 on the EU's relations with its eastern and southern neighbors (6), of 20 April 2004 on the EU's new neighborhood policy in the face of a wider Europe (7) , of 19 January 2006 on the European Neighborhood Policy (8), of 15 November 2007 on strengthening the European Neighborhood Policy (9), of 7 April 2011 on the review of the European Neighborhood Policy - Eastern Dimension (10), of 7 April 2011 on Review of the European Neighborhood Policy - Southern Dimension (11), of 14 December 2011 on the Review of the European Neighborhood Policy (12), of 23 October 2013 entitled 'European Neighborhood Policy: Towards a deepening of the partnership - European Parliament opinion on the reports for 2012 ”(13) as well as of March 12, 2014 on the assessment and setting of priorities for the EU's relations with countries the Eastern Partnership (14),

- having regard to the declaration made on 22 May 2015 at the Eastern Partnership Summit in Riga,

- having regard to the report by the Energy Community High Level Reflection Group entitled "An Energy Community for the Future",

- having regard to Rule 52 of its Rules of Procedure,

- having regard to the report of the Committee on Foreign Affairs (A8-0194 / 2015),

A. whereas the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP) was created to deepen relations, improve cooperation and strengthen the EU's partnerships with neighboring countries, creating a common area of ​​stability, security and prosperity in the To create within the meaning of Article 8 TEU; whereas the objective still applies;

B. whereas the neighborhood is currently in constant flux due to increasing long-term and emerging security challenges, and is less stable, significantly more insecure and facing a deeper economic crisis than when the ENP was launched ;

C. whereas the policy under review should be based on mutual accountability and a shared commitment to the values ​​and principles of the EU, including democracy, the rule of law, human rights and efficient, accountable and transparent public institutions, and those values ​​and principles within the Are in the interests of our neighboring countries as well as our own in terms of stability, security and prosperity; whereas, in spite of all practical difficulties and challenges, the EU must steadfastly support transformation processes, democratization, respect for human rights and the rule of law in all countries;

D. whereas large parts of the EU's neighborhood continue to be affected by armed or simmering conflicts and crises; whereas partner countries must seek peaceful solutions to existing conflicts; whereas conflict, including smoldering and ongoing conflicts, is an obstacle to economic, social and political change, as well as cooperation, stability and security in the region; whereas the EU should play a more active role in the peaceful resolution of existing conflicts;

E. whereas these conflicts undermine the development of a real and effective multilateral dimension of the ENP; whereas peace and stability are fundamental elements of the ENP; whereas partner countries must respect these principles;

F. whereas the EU strongly condemns all forms of human rights abuses, including violence against women and girls, rape, slavery, honor crimes, forced marriages, child labor and female genital mutilation;

G. whereas developments in the region since 2004, and particularly in recent years, have shown that the ENP is unable to respond adequately and quickly to rapidly changing and difficult conditions;

H. whereas the ENP remains a strategic priority of the EU's foreign policy; whereas the revision of the ENP must be carried out with the aim of strengthening it and in the spirit of sustainable progress towards a comprehensive and effective Common Foreign and Security Policy for the EU as a whole;

I. whereas the Commission and the EEAS, together with the Council and the European Parliament, have tried to reshape the ENP in order to remedy its shortcomings and adapt it to changed national and international realities, especially after the Arab Spring; whereas this is reflected in the new financial instrument for the ENP for 2014-2020, the European Neighborhood Instrument (ENI); whereas the current challenges posed by the crisis in eastern Ukraine, the occupation of Crimea and the Da’esh should be taken into account in the revision of the ENP;

J. whereas insecurity, instability and unfavorable socio-economic conditions in the countries of the European Neighborhood can have negative repercussions and reverse past democratic trends;

K. whereas, since the introduction of the new approach in 2011, the political developments in the neighborhood have made it clear that the EU needs to reconsider its relations with its neighbors, taking into account the various external and internal realities; whereas the EU needs to face the new challenges in its neighborhood and adapt its strategy by reviewing its interests and priorities and assessing its policy tools, incentives and resources available, as well as their attractiveness to its partners;

L. whereas the 2011 revision of the ENP stated that the new approach must be based on mutual accountability and a shared commitment to the universal values ​​of human rights, democracy and the rule of law;

M. whereas the EU should play a more active role in resolving existing conflicts peacefully, in particular simmering or persistent conflicts which are currently an insurmountable barrier to the full development of the ENP in both the East and South, and in good neighborly relations and impede regional cooperation;

N. whereas the ENP encompasses different 'neighborhoods' comprising countries with different interests, goals and potentials;

O.

P. whereas, in particular, progress in resolving conflicts and controversies between ENP countries should be seen as an important criterion to be assessed in the annual progress reports;

Q. whereas respect for the territorial integrity of sovereign states is a fundamental principle of relations between countries in the European neighborhood and the occupation of the territory of one country by another is not permitted;

R. whereas the resources made available under the multiannual financial framework for action by the EU as a 'global actor' up to 2020 are only 6% of the total budget and cover all related programs, including development and cooperation aid;

S. whereas the ENP has helped the EU to speak with one voice in its neighborhood; whereas the EU Member States play an important role in the European Neighborhood Policy and should therefore pool their efforts and increase the EU's credibility and ability to act by speaking with one voice;

T. whereas the consultation process between the Commission and the EEAS should be comprehensive and inclusive, so that all relevant stakeholders are heard; whereas it should be emphasized that the participation of women's rights and equality organizations in this consultation process should be encouraged; whereas efforts should be made to increase the visibility of the ENP and public awareness of the ENP in partner countries;

U. whereas the countries of the EU's Eastern and Southern Neighborhoods face different problems, the successful solution of which requires an ENP that is flexible and adaptable to the specific needs and challenges of each region;

1. Stresses that the review of the ENP is important and necessary and the time is right; Points out that the revised ENP should enable the EU to react quickly, flexibly and appropriately to the respective local situation, while at the same time developing an ambitious strategic vision for the development of both bilateral and multilateral relations with neighboring countries in line with its commitment to promoting the core values ​​that underpin the ENP;

2. Stresses that the ENP is an integral part of the EU's foreign policy and must remain a single policy; Believes that it is part of the EU's external action, the potential of which lies in its unique capacity to mobilize a wide range of diplomatic, security and defense, economic, trade and development and humanitarian instruments; Stresses that an effective ENP is key to strengthening the EU's external credibility and global positioning, and that the ENP must show the EU's real leadership in the neighborhood and in relations with its global partners;

3. Continues to believe in the value of the ENP's originally stated objectives, which are to create an area of ​​prosperity, stability, security and good neighborliness based on the EU's common values ​​and principles by carrying out fundamental structural reforms in neighboring countries that are carried out on their own responsibility and in coordination with them, are supported and incentives are created for this, which would enable an intensified dialogue with the EU; stresses, therefore, the need to learn from experience, to reflect on the basics and to put these goals back at the top of the agenda;

4. Emphasizes the strategic importance of the ENP as a policy that helps create multi-faceted relationships and strong interconnections between the EU and its partners in its neighborhood; Stresses that the key challenge for the ENP is to achieve tangible and concrete improvements for the citizens of the partner countries; believes that the ENP should become a more solid, more political and more effective policy, including by strengthening its positive elements such as a stronger focus on partnership with society, differentiation and the concept of 'more for more";

5. Stresses that respect for the universal and fundamental values ​​of human rights, the rule of law, democracy, freedom, equality and respect for human dignity on which the EU is based must remain at the heart of the revised policy, as in Set out in Article 2 of the Association Agreement between the EU and third countries; Reaffirms that strengthening the rule of law and promoting democracy and human rights are in the interests of partner countries and calls for respect for these fundamental values ​​to be made more of a condition for cooperation; highlights in this context the role of the European Union Special Representative for Human Rights and the European Fund for Democracy;

6. Stresses that the revised policy should be more strategic, more focused, flexible and coherent, and with a political focus; calls for the EU to formulate a clear and ambitious political vision for the ENP and to pay particular attention to its own political priorities in the Eastern and Southern Neighborhoods, taking into account both the different challenges that countries face in each region and theirs different political aspirations should be taken into account; Stresses that the Eastern Partnership and the partnership with the Mediterranean countries are central; calls for special envoys for the east and south to be appointed to coordinate the revised policy and deal with all EU action in the neighborhood;

7. Underlines the important role of the Member States, their expertise and their bilateral relations with the ENP countries in shaping coherent EU policies; Stresses the need to ensure good coordination between the HR / VP, the Commissioner for European Neighborhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations, the EU Delegations and the EU Special Representatives in order to avoid duplication; stresses that the EU delegations play an important role in the implementation of the ENP;

8. Urges that short, medium and long term priorities and strategic objectives be set, taking into account that the ENP should take a differentiated approach to promoting cooperation between and with ENP countries in different areas; Emphasizes that the EU should act in accordance with the interests and priorities of the EU and the countries concerned and their level of development, taking into account societal interests and desires, political ambitions and the geopolitical environment;

9. Emphasizes that local ownership, transparency, mutual accountability and inclusion should be the most important aspects of the new approach so that all sections of the population and social classes in the affected countries, and not just individual groups, benefit from the ENP;

10. Emphasizes its conviction that in order to strengthen the partner countries' own development potential it is necessary to expand the current political dialogue in the ENP to include a social, economic and cultural dialogue that includes the entire political, social, ethnic and cultural diversity of the partner countries; underlines the positive experience of territorial cooperation with the direct involvement of local authorities;

11. Deplores the tight budget for cooperation between the EU and its neighborhood partners, particularly in view of the significantly higher level of investment by third country interest groups in the ENP countries; points out that this limits the EU's ability to pursue its strategic interests in the neighborhood in practice; Stresses the need to streamline support and increase funding so that partner countries that are serious about reform, democratization and respect for human rights and making tangible progress can be effectively rewarded and supported by a monitoring system;

12thStresses the need to promote accountability and transparency mechanisms in partner countries to enable them to mobilize and use funds in a responsible manner; Calls on the Commission to ensure efficient monitoring and oversight procedures for EU support spending in ENP countries, including controls by civil society;

13. Calls on the EU to improve its coordination with other donors and international financial institutions, including through the AMICI initiative, in line with its commitment to become a more coherent, respected and effective global actor in the region, and calls for a joint program planning with and among the member states; Stresses the need for better coordination with Member States and regional and local authorities in order to pursue and achieve a common, consistent and effective approach to the short and medium term objectives of EU cooperation with neighboring countries, and calls for that Talks will be opened with the Council on this matter;

14. Emphasizes that the EU should meet the objective of increased engagement in its neighborhood by providing sufficient funding; Considers that the mid-term review of the external financial instruments should take into account the revised policy and that the European Neighborhood Instrument (ENI) should therefore aim to make the ENP more efficient, a reliable and sustainable commitment by the EU to its partners and ensure adequate procedural flexibility; also calls for greater coherence and coordination between the various EU external financing instruments;

15. Underlines, in this context, the role of the European Democracy Fund, which complements the EU instruments with a new, more flexible and responsive approach, closes gaps and is financially sustainable; calls on the Commission to increase the budget for the Democracy Fund;

16. Acknowledges that attitudes towards Europe and the EU in neighboring countries have a real impact on conflict, but rejects complicity in oppression and human rights violations in neighboring countries through a misguided pursuit of short-term stability;

Added value of action at EU level

The transformation of the European Neighborhood Policy

17. Stresses the need to reshape the ENP in order to build strong, strategic and lasting partnerships with the ENP countries, based on EU values ​​and principles and common interests, which are based on the preservation of these values ​​and principles and the promotion of interests serve; calls for the technical aspects of the policy to be based on a clear political vision;

18. Points out that the ENP should define its own procedures and instruments, which correspond to the ambitions, needs and goals of the ENP countries and the EU;

19. Calls on the Commission to focus on areas identified with its partners on the basis of common interests where progress and general added value can be achieved and to gradually expand cooperation based on progress and objectives, in particular: to contribute to economic growth and human development, with the younger generations at the center; Points out that economic reforms must go hand-in-hand with political reforms and that good governance can only be achieved through an open, accountable and transparent decision-making process based on democratic institutions;

20. Stresses that enlargement policy and neighborhood policy are different policy areas with different objectives; reiterates, however, that the European countries included in the ENP, like all other European countries, can apply for EU membership provided they meet the criteria and requirements for admission under Article 49 TEU; Believes that, while reform and transformation must come first and not raise unrealistic expectations, membership as an incentive remains for all eligible countries that have expressed clear aspirations and ambitions towards the EU should be promised;

Support for democracy, reforms in the judiciary, rule of law, good governance and institutional capacity building

21. Considers that support for democracy, the rule of law, good governance, state-building, human rights and fundamental freedoms is a key aspect of the ENP; stresses that the ENP should not adopt strategies that compromise these core values; Calls for the EU and its Member States to provide incentives and know-how for implementing and supporting democratic reforms and solving political, economic and social problems;

22. Emphasizes that there must continue to be a focus on promoting democracy, the rule of law, good governance, the independence of the judiciary, the fight against corruption and respect for diversity and minorities - including the rights of religious groups, LGBTI people, people with disabilities and people who belong to an ethnic minority - strengthen; Stresses that capacity building in national institutions, including their national assemblies, and support from civil society, democratic groups and political parties will contribute to greater political dialogue and pluralism;

23. Stresses that women's rights, gender equality and the right to equal treatment are fundamental rights and principles of the EU's external action; Stresses the need to promote the rights of children and young people and gender equality, as well as the economic and political participation of women, so that inclusive, prosperous and stable societies can emerge in the EU's neighborhood;

24. Considers that the revised ENP should support fundamental freedoms in the ENP countries by including freedom of expression, assembly and association as well as freedom of the press and the media as prerequisites for the exercise of economic, social and cultural rights be promoted;

25. Emphasizes that the social dimension of the ENP needs to be developed by working with partners to tackle poverty and exclusion, creating incentives for employment and fair growth, building healthy working relationships and promoting education and decent work, including some of the causes of the addressing illegal migration;

26. Stresses the importance of cultural dialogue between the EU and neighboring countries in areas such as conflict prevention and peacebuilding, developing creative industries, strengthening freedom of expression, supporting social and economic development, strengthening dialogue with civil society and intercultural dialogue and interreligious dialogue - also against the background of increasing discrimination and persecution of minorities and religious communities, especially Christians; calls for the framework for cultural relations to be strengthened to allow for the development of mobility programs and training, as well as for capacity building and exchanges in the fields of culture and education;

27. Stresses that the 'partnership with societies' approach should be strengthened and promoted; insists that the common interests and objectives of the policy should be defined in cooperation with all stakeholders in different societies and not just with the authorities;

28. Stresses the importance of the development of a lively and active civil society, including the social partners and business, in the transformation and democratization processes; Calls for further support to civil society, local SMEs and other non-public actors as they are a driving force in reform processes, and a more engaged dialogue and partnership between civil society actors and sectors in the EU and neighboring countries under the ENP; Underlines the importance of European businesses and their role in promoting and disseminating international business standards, including in relation to corporate social responsibility;

Differentiation and conditionality

29. Calls for the ENP to be reshaped into a tailored and more flexible political framework that allows it to adapt to the existing diversity among partner countries and for the differentiated approach to be consistently implemented; stresses that differentiation should take place among the ENP countries;

30. Stresses the need to apply effective conditionality in relation to reform processes and underlines the need for a coherent approach on the part of the EU between its positions and conditionality in the allocation of funds; Recalls that the EU must not jeopardize its fundamental values ​​and rights and should avoid double standards; Emphasizes that the EU is more engaged and more supportive in countries that are making progress in implementing reforms that lead to long-term political, economic and social developments and in countries seeking deeper political cooperation with the EU and should assess on the basis of national performance in this reform process; Stresses the importance of fully implementing the "more for more" principle;

31. Stresses that association agreements represent the highest, but not the last, stage in relations between the EU and its neighboring countries;

32. Believes that the EU should encourage non-associated partner countries to become involved in sectoral cooperation, including the option of concluding new or reinforcing existing sectoral agreements such as the Energy Community, through the integration of such countries into existing ones Sectors of the single space of the EU's four fundamental freedoms;

33. Believes that cooperation on economic governance and the sustainability of public finances in ENP countries should receive particular attention in the implementation of the European Neighborhood Policy;

Security dimension

34. Notes that maintaining peace, security and stability is a fundamental concern of neighborhood policy and that the security environment has deteriorated dramatically; calls for a strong security component in the ENP with suitable strategic instruments, which unfortunately have so far been missing; Stresses that the EU should focus on improving the efficiency and effectiveness of its current crisis management tools in order to build capacity to expand the range of crisis management interventions; Stresses that security, stability and development go hand in hand and that a comprehensive approach is needed to address the security problems in the region and their root causes;

35. Notes that the stability of the Sahel-Sahara zone should be seen as a neuralgic center of insecurity in both north and south Africa and that the instability of this region is caused by a multitude of arms, drugs and human trafficking networks and poses a threat to the stability of Europe;

36. Calls for closer coordination between the ENP and Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP) actions aimed at strengthening the links between internal and external security and addressing various aspects of the Security of the ENP countries and the EU goes hand in hand; Stresses that the review of the ENP and the revision of the EU security strategy must be coherent and fully coordinated;

37.    

38.    

39. Reminds the Member States of their obligations under the EU Common Position on Arms Exports (944/2008), which, among other things, urges them to refuse an export license for military technology or equipment to any neighboring country if there is a clear risk that Military technology or equipment that is intended for export, could be used to exercise internal repression, as well as to carry out domestic reprisals, to commit serious violations of international humanitarian law, to provoke or prolong armed conflicts or to existing tensions or conflicts in the countries of final destination to aggravate, or for the purpose of aggression against another country or for the violent enforcement of a territorial claim;

40. Stresses the need to actively support and promote peaceful conflict resolution and reconciliation policies in the post-conflict period in the EU's neighborhood, using various means and instruments depending on the added value they can bring ; Believes that such measures should include the work of EU special envoys, confidence-building programs, re-establishing dialogue, mediation, promoting people-to-people contacts and CSDP missions; calls on the HR / VP and the EEAS to develop innovative measures and approaches including public communication strategies and informal consultations to support dialogue and reconciliation; Notes that the EU delegations have a key role to play in setting up early warning systems through the creation of close-knit prevention networks with the various civil society organizations;

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42. Urges the EU to use the spirit and past experience of European integration in regional conflicts, since bilateral issues must be resolved peacefully and good neighborly relations and regional cooperation are fundamental elements of the ENP; calls, in this regard, for the involvement of citizens and the engagement of public actors in horizontal partnerships and partnerships with counterparts from the Union, as well as engaging with society and the younger generation as a factor for change;

Promotion of regional integration

43. Stresses the importance of the regional dimension of the ENP and the need to promote and contribute to regional synergies and integration through regional cooperation programs; Stresses that improved economic cooperation among ENP countries is necessary in order to achieve stability and prosperity in neighboring European countries;

44. Calls, in this regard, for the EU's bilateral relations with the countries of the European Neighborhood Policy to be supplemented by a multilateral dimension by increasing the number of activities and initiatives in this context and strengthening cross-border projects, developing programs to promote people-to-people contacts the development of incentives to promote regional cooperation is given more emphasis and active dialogue with civil society is further improved; Considers that the future ENP should provide an inclusive regional platform to discuss human rights issues in line with the core principles of the ENP;

45. Calls for a systematic human rights impact assessment, including the gender perspective, from trade contracts and financial support from the EU to programs and projects under the ENP;

46. ​​Calls for the existing cooperation platforms, such as the Union for the Mediterranean and the Eastern Partnership, to be strengthened through the revised policy in order to continue to support regional integration, provided that the priorities set by the partners are in line with a particular policy area Certain sub-regional issues such as mobility, energy or security are dealt with and the partners are brought closer together in terms of economic standards and legislation; is of the opinion that the multilateral structures of the ENP should be consolidated and made more strategic;

47.Emphasizes the important role of multilateral assemblies, such as EURO-NEST and PV-UfM, as forums for political dialogue and as an instrument to promote ownership in the context of neighborhood policy, and urges them to increase their engagement in this area in an appropriate and effective manner ;

48. Stresses the added value of parliamentary diplomacy and the regular bilateral interparliamentary meetings that the EP holds with counterparts from neighboring countries as a tool for exchanging experiences and assessing the status of each country's relationship with the EU; Encourages the national parliaments of the Member States to hold their bilateral interparliamentary meetings under the ENP as this is a means of ensuring a coherent approach;

49. Emphasizes the importance of the Conference of Regional and Local Authorities of the European Union and Eastern Partnership countries (CORLEAP) and the Euro-Mediterranean Local and Regional Authorities Assembly (ARLEM), which enables local and regional representatives to enter into a dialogue with the EU institutions and develop economic, social, local and territorial cooperation;

50. Stresses that the development of regional civil society platforms, such as civil society forums in the framework of the Eastern Partnership and the Southern Neighborhood, strengthens the engagement of various stakeholders in promoting democratization and the economic reform agenda in the neighborhood;

Neighbors from neighbors

51. Recalls the need to develop strong partnerships with neighboring countries; Stresses the importance of ensuring that the ENP is part of the EU's broader foreign policy and recognizing the other strategic actors who have influence on the neighborhood, namely the 'neighbors of the neighbors' and international and regional organizations in which inter alia, issues of common interest and mutual concern, including regional and global security, are discussed through existing bilateral frameworks or multilateral dialogues, where appropriate and important;

52. Emphasizes that the EU should realistically look at the various political options of its partners and the modalities of how to build bridges with its neighbors at different levels and to counter the foreign policy of third countries in its neighborhood, ensuring that it is up to the EU and its sovereign partners to decide how to continue to shape their relationship;

53. Calls on the EU to develop effective support mechanisms for ENP partner countries that have an ambitious European agenda and as a result suffer from retaliation, trade pressures or overt military aggression by third countries; reiterates its view that while the ENP is not directed against other strategic actors and that it rejects the idea of ​​a zero-sum geopolitical game in the neighborhood, the EU must make credible commitments and provide solid political support to partners who work more closely with it want to vote;

54. Calls on the EU to draw on, and actively involve, the expertise of regional organizations to which its neighbors belong, such as the Council of Europe, the OSCE, the African Union, the relevant regional offices of the United Nations and the League of Arab States to work with them to address regional conflicts; Points out that these are important fora for partners to engage in implementing reforms, addressing human rights concerns and regional issues - for which they should be more responsible - and promoting democratization;

Policy objectives and instruments

A diversified offer: priority areas

55. Calls for the EU, together with its partners, to examine and define priorities for enhanced cooperation and integration in various policy areas, such as economic and human development, conflict and disaster prevention, infrastructure and regional development, the environment, trade and competition policy, and SMEs , Migration, security and energy and energy efficiency in order to create an area of ​​prosperity, stability and good neighborliness;

56. Believes that the objective of coherence between EU internal and external policies, as well as the close and growing links between certain internal and external issues, should be reflected in the new ENP;

57. Believes that greater cooperation in the area of ​​the future digital single market, support for e-government reforms and open government solutions are instruments for involving citizens;

58. Emphasizes the importance of the free movement of people and supports the improvement of mobility within the neighborhood in a safe and carefully designed environment through visa facilitation and liberalization, especially for students, young people, artists and scientists; Calls on the Commission to further improve neighborhood mobility partnerships in cooperation with the Member States and to develop opportunities for circular migration programs that would open safe and legal routes for migrants; calls on the EU to make a clear distinction between asylum seekers fleeing persecution and irregular economic migrants; Condemns the trafficking in human beings, which mostly affects women, and stresses the importance of increased cooperation with partner countries to combat it;

59. Calls on the Commission to pay attention to the gender equality perspective when promoting vocational and academic training and in the context of circular migration programs with neighboring countries, in order to promote the participation of women in their economies;

60. points out that high unemployment, especially among young people, a lack of free access to information, social exclusion and poverty and the lack of protection of minority rights combined with low political and socio-economic participation by women, poor governance and high Corruption is the root cause of instability and calls for engagement that goes beyond deep and comprehensive free trade areas; Points out that the mere prospect of trade and free trade agreements is no longer sufficient to strengthen our partnership with our neighbors, particularly the southern Mediterranean countries; Draws attention to the lack of regional economic cooperation between the EU's neighboring countries and calls for subregional initiatives to be set up in order to increase trade between them;

61. Emphasizes the importance of investing in projects for youth, women and future leaders by making full use of the Erasmus + scholarship opportunities for student and teacher exchanges between ENPs - to support countries and the Member States with the aim of training future leaders from both the ENP countries and the Member States and to continue promoting academic and educational projects - such as the College of Europe - that have already proven themselves in this area;

62.    

63. Believes that more emphasis should be placed on the use of technical assistance programs such as TAIEX or Twinning and that partners should be involved in Union programs such as Erasmus or Horizon 2020, as they are at different levels for knowledge sharing and contribute to the development of networks and form the basis for the creation of a common neighborhood space;

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65. Stresses that a successful ENP should also ensure ownership of the Member States, including by expanding flagship initiatives; therefore calls on the Commission to strengthen political coordination and joint programming of grants and to provide mechanisms to facilitate the exchange of information between Member States and EU structures on the ENP countries and consultation between Member States, EU structures and the To promote neighboring countries; Believes that EU financial and technical assistance should be linked to the successful implementation of specific benchmarks in the reform process, on the basis of which further support will be allocated;

Assessment and visibility

66. Emphasizes that action plans, which are established in close partnership with partner country authorities and in consultation with civil society organizations, should focus on the implementation of a limited number of realistic priorities and that their implementation on a regular basis or as circumstances change justify should be assessed, the policy options could be agreed upon jointly; Draws attention to the importance of developing a process of consultation with civil society organizations on the setting of benchmarks;

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68. Believes that EU aid should be made more visible so that the population in partner countries and in EU Member States can clearly see the benefits of EU support; Calls on the Commission to devise a specific mechanism for delivering EU humanitarian aid to neighboring countries, which is different from the model used in third countries around the world and which ensures the high visibility of the EU and its political agenda, among other objectives becomes; Stresses the importance and need for a mechanism to ensure transparency in EU financial assistance;

69. Calls on the EU to strengthen its capacity to counter misinformation and propaganda campaigns against itself and its Member States aimed at reducing their unity and solidarity; calls on the EU to increase its visibility in order to show its support and commitment for and in the partner countries; Stresses the importance of promoting objective, independent and unbiased information and freedom of the media in ENP countries and the need for efforts towards strategic communication in the EU's neighborhood, including about its values ​​and goals by developing a comprehensive, effective and systematic communication strategy under the revised policy;

70. Calls on the EU to increase its presence in partner countries and to make greater use of interactive audiovisual tools and social media in the respective national languages ​​in order to reach society as a whole; Calls on the Commission to develop a clear communication strategy aimed at societies in the ENP countries in order to bring them closer to the benefits of the association agreements and deep and comprehensive free trade areas as tools for modernizing their political systems and economies;

71. Instructs its President to present this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the governments and parliaments of the ENP countries, the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Union for the Mediterranean, the League of Arab States, the African Union, the Council of Europe and the OSCE.

(1)

JOIN (2015) 6 final http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/DE/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52015JC0006&from=de.

(2)

http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/DE/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52011DC0200&from=EN.

(3)

http://eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2011:0303:FIN:de:PDF.

(4)

http://eeas.europa.eu/enp/pdf/pdf/com03_104_de.pdf.

(5)

Conclusions of the Council (External Relations) of 18 February 2008, http://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-6496-2008-INIT/de/pdf.

(6)

OJ C 87E, 7.4.2004, p. 506.

(7)

OJ C 104E, 30.4.2004, p. 127.

(8)

OJ C 287E, 24.11.2006, p. 312.

(9)

OJ C 282E, November 6, 2008, p. 443.

(10)

OJ C 296E, October 2, 2012, p. 105.

(11)

OJ C 296E, October 2, 2012, p. 114.

(12)

OJ C 168E, 14.6.2013, p. 26.

(13)

Texts adopted, P7_TA (2013) 0446.

(14)

Texts adopted, P7_TA (2014) 0229.