What should your teachers learn

Desired career as a teacher: Would that be something for you?

For many, the teaching job scores above all through the security. So that is first and foremost, of course Civil servants meant - because teachers "for life" are almost permanent. In addition, civil servants do not pay any social security contributions, so that much more remains of their gross wages than employees in companies and companies. The choice of profession also seems to be certain in other respects: As a student, you know everyday school life from your own experience - You can therefore logically imagine what the everyday work of a teacher looks like than with a chemical laboratory technician, sociologist or lawyer. The regular working and vacation times and that too often Easier implementation of part-time work or parental leave than in classic business jobs make the teaching profession even more attractive.

But the work "behind the scenes" is also extremely demanding: The mental and physical stress is enormous. Teachers fight with many Specifications, expectations and requirements from different sides (from the curriculum to the parents), have to master different (conflict) situations every day and have more and more to do besides the pure preparation of the lessons. The Educational effort increases, because teachers are no longer just conveyors of knowledge, but educators, caregivers, (learning) advisors and coaches all rolled into one. For a long time, teachers are also Lone fighter, and after school they spend a lot of time preparing of the next lessons, the Correct of tests and work and the documentation. Large classes, the constant noise level, the risk of self-exploitation and burn-out and few opportunities for advancement can make the job frustrating. And: when teachers call in sick, it is Representation more difficult than in many other jobs.

On the other hand, teachers also get a lot in return: you work with children and young people who accompany, encourage and support them and whom they help in their development. The teaching job is therefore also a kind of social commitment with a lasting effect. For most teachers, their job is not just a job, but a calling - a (in the true sense of the word) meaningful work in which you can shape, move and achieve a lot.

Checklist: What should you as a (prospective) teacher bring with you?

If you want to become a teacher and be happy in the job in the long term, you should ...

  • have a positive attitude towards the job, school and students;
  • enjoy working with children and young people;
  • to be enthusiastic about a subject (read: for his subjects) and to be able to infect with this enthusiasm;
  • be ready to "dig into" the (teaching) subject matter and become an expert in their field;
  • Being able to explain and convey content well and with pleasure;
  • see yourself as a consultant, supervisor and companion and not just as a broker;
  • be empathetic and socially competent;
  • be able to deal with completely different people, characters and cultures without prejudice;
  • advocate respect and good cooperation;
  • Bring patience and a high tolerance for frustration;
  • have strong nerves and thick fur;
  • Bring assertiveness, self-confidence and the ability to deal with conflict;
  • standing in front of groups and being able to talk;
  • being open and approachable without wanting to be friends with everyone;
  • work as a lone warrior and be able to motivate yourself;
  • be organized and also master self and time management.

Of course, even experienced teachers first had to grow into the profession. So if you were excited about the last presentation or get a little nervous at the thought of teaching 30 students, don't worry. However, if you can't find yourself at all in most of the points on the checklist, or if you break out in a sweat of fear just thinking about having to talk to parents at some point, then you are probably better off in another job.

How do you become a teacher?

In general, lateral entrants can also become teachers under certain conditions - but this is often difficult depending on the federal state, type of school, needs and subject. The classic way to become a teacher is still to become a teacher as a mix of pedagogical knowledge or skills and the (teaching) subjects you choose. Even with your studies, you decide on the type of school you will later take, for example by deciding on elementary school or the teaching post for vocational colleges.

After studying in itself This is followed by the preparatory service, the so-called clerkship, which usually lasts another 24 months and ends with the 2nd state examination. As a teacher, you are of course never completely finished with your learning - even "seasoned" teachers continue to train and develop alongside their jobs.

How can you find out if the teaching profession is right for you?

Most universities now have Practical phases very early in the course planned, in which you can experience everyday teaching life "up close". But you can also do it for yourself before you start studying, for example test whether you can and want to work well with children and / or adolescents.

You can babysit primary school children, give tutoring or get involved in clubs or your church as a youth or group leader. If you have teachers among relatives or friends, hole them up with questions - or speak to your own teachers. As a student, you are at the source and you can have all your questions answered first hand!


Professional portrait teacher: "Working with students is fulfilling - and exhausting!" ", ARD, http://www.ard.de/home/themenwoche/Berufs_Portraet_Lehrer_ARD_Themenwoche_2016/3558452/index.html

"The School Improvers - Part 6: What Qualities Does a Good Teacher Have to Have?" by Jan Friedmann, Hauke ​​Goos and Lena Greiner, Spiegel online, http://www.spiegel.de/lebenundlernen/schule/lehrer-welche-elösungen-brauch-ein-guter-paedagoge-a-995973.html

"Reality check: dream job teacher?" by Carola Sonnet, karriere.de, http://www.karriere.de/karriere/traumberuf-lehrer-9791/

"Teacher training course: Desired career as a teacher - pure safety thinking?" by Anne-Ev Ustorf, Süddeutsche Zeitung, http://www.sueddeutsche.de/bildung/lehramtsstudium-seitenwechsel-1.2940786