Based on the outcome of the Indian education system

German educational server

Education in India

With more than a billion inhabitants, India has the second largest education system in the world (after China). Its school and science authorities, united under the umbrella of the Ministry of Education, are responsible for the administration of 35 states and federal territories (BT). According to statistics, a third of the population is under 15 years old. But contrary to the image of a young, economically emerging state with internationally leading technical universities and software companies, national and international studies show that ...


the country faces a multitude of challenges. Reforms and measures primarily affect the education system, which is structured as follows:

According to optional pre-school offers, children between 6 to 13/14 years of age must formally go through an 8-year (23 states / UT) or 7-year (12 states / UT) elementary education. It is completed in two types of school: the ´´Primary´´ and the ´´Upper Primary´´ or ´´Middle School´´. This is followed by the 4 or 5 year old ´´Secondary´´ or ´´Higher Secondary Education´´ (preparatory to vocational or college). Placement tests enable further training in tertiary educational institutions such as universities and colleges or polytechnic universities. More detailed information on degrees and content can be found in the article by Lang-Wojtasik (see below).

Despite the millennia-old history of various educational institutions in Hindu temples, the structure of today's educational system goes back to the ´´colonial legacy´´ - India gained independence in 1947, and since 1950 it has been a parliamentary democracy.

Disparities in the education system can be seen not only between the respective states or BT, but also between rural and urban areas and between private or state educational institutions. National, multilateral and bilateral cooperation projects focus on different development directions, including:

  • The fight against illiteracy and the social disadvantage of economically weak groups, women and marginalized groups such as the Dalits, for example through voluntary services or the establishment of distance learning institutes
  • In 2009 the right to free and compulsory schooling was enshrined in law. However, state educational institutions can only come close to doing justice to the number of pupils in terms of the quality of education and equipment for teaching and teaching. State-funded and purely school-financed private schools offer an alternative, but on the other hand are also responsible for deepening socio-economic disparities.
  • The rapidly developing economy requires qualified professional training. However, less than a quarter of state education expenditure, which accounts for 10.5% of the total state budget, goes to the promotion of the secondary school sector.

If you want to deal in more detail with the education system of India, this is the essay "Education in India" (2013) recommended by Gregor Lang-Wojtasik, which we can offer online at this point with the kind permission of the publisher.
The dossier provides information on the following aspects of education in India:

General information on education

bpb Dossier India: Expansion, Quality, Justice. Challenges of the Indian education system

"India's government has formulated the groundbreaking principle of 'expansion, quality, justice' in the field of education. However, so far only expansion has been successfully mastered. .]

Education and Research: India (BMBF / International Cooperation)

The website, which is maintained on behalf of the BMBF, offers a comprehensive overview of education and research in India, as well as cooperation programs with Germany and other countries. There is also some basic information about the country itself.
Table of Contents:
- General country information
- [...]

Education in India (GIZ country information portal)

The German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ) provides an overview of India on its country information portal (LIPortal). Under the section Society and Culture you will find an overview of the Indian educational system as well as important features and developments: university development, [...]

Links On Education - National Portal of India

The section ´´Education´ of the National Portal of India is divided into the educational areas elementary (primary level), secondary and higher secondary (secondary level I and II), higher (university) and adult education (adult education). After selecting an area, you will find links and brief descriptions of websites [...]

Country Dossiers: India - International Bureau of Education (Unesco)

The country dossier of the International Bureau of Education of Unesco (IBE) offers statistics (from the World Data on Education - WDE) and national education reports, documents from education policy and education planning / administration, a bibliography (some with full texts) and links to further informative [...]

DAAD country information: India

Germany; India
The website of the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) offers information about exchange and cooperation with India in the field of education: information on education and science in India, studying and living in India, country situation, data sheet, addresses, experience reports, articles and analyzes, [. ..]

Education in India.

The following article tries to describe the cornerstones of the Indian education system in the context of historical and social aspects. Following on from this, the history of Indian education is presented (Chapter 2). The third chapter takes a detailed look at today's education. In the fourth chapter, current [...]

Education policy (ministries, authorities, other national bodies)

Ministry of Human Resource Development - India

The Ministry brings together two major areas of education, namely the Department of School Education and Literacy on the one hand (including: Elementary, Secondary, Adult, Vocational Education and Teacher Education) and the Department of Higher Education on the other (including: University and Higher Education, Technical Education, [...]

Planipolis - Education Plans and Policies: India

The Planipolis database offers official documents in full text on educational policy and planning in the member countries of Unesco. For India one finds documents from the year 1968 (in the same document as 1998). Planipolis is an offer from the UNESCO International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP). [Summary: [...]

Indian Institutions of Higher, School and Literacy Education

This page of the Indian Ministry of Education takes you to registers with names, postcodes and websites of central (government) higher education and school institutions in the country. With the help of the right sidebar, further lists of universities sorted by topic can be called up, among others. to Indian Institutes of [...]

National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE)

The main task of the NCTE is to ensure the planned and coordinated development of the teacher education system in India, the regulation and compliance with norms and standards in teacher education and related issues. The teacher training programs are for all teachers from school to [...]

National University of Educational Planning and Administration (NUEPA)

The National University of Educational Planning and Administration (NUEPA), based in New Delhi, is a central authority under the Indian Ministry of Education (MHRD) and emerged in 1966 from the Asian Regional Center for Educational Planners and Administrators installed by UNESCO.
The tasks of the NUEPA include the [...]

National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT)

In addition to the University Grants Commission (UGC), NCERT is an authority of the Indian Ministry of Education and is involved in creating standards, guidelines and textbooks. It acts as an advisory and coordination body for the Indian central government and its member states with regard to school pedagogical research and [...]

Education reports, statistics, performance studies

Chapter 29. EDUCATION - Social Sector - India Statistics

The Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation offers statistics on education here (see> Social Sector> Chaper 29 Education). Also under other menu items on the left you can find isolated facts and figures on the education sector. [Summary: Editorial Office Education Worldwide]

District Information System for Education (DISE)

DISE is a statistical system for collecting and analyzing statistical data in education in India. The site offers extensive data and reports from all regions and educational areas in India (including District Report Cards, State Report Cards, School Report Cards, Flash Statistics, Analytical Reports, Rural / Urban [...]

Unesco Institute of Statistics: India

The Unesco Institute for Statistics (UIS) offers the latest basic data on education in India. There are statistics on the following areas of education:
* General information
* Education System
* Participation in education
* Progression and completion in education
* Education expenditures
* [...]

Education GPS (OECD): India

This interactive website of the OECD makes it possible to compare India's education statistics with the OECD average as well as with results from other countries. For other countries there is also the possibility of comparing the results of various international performance studies (PISA, PIAAC, TALIS, ...). Possibly [...]

State of Literacy (in: Census of India 2011)

The report from 2011 provides extensive information on the status of literacy in India on 40 pages. Chapter 6 "State of Literacy" is part of the publication: "Census of India 2011. Provisional Population Totals. Paper 1 of 2011. India Series 1" and is published by the Government of India, Office of the Registrar General & [... ]

Associations and professional societies

All India Association for Educational Research (AIAER)

The Indian Association for Educational Research (AIAER) has existed since 1983 and has over 3,700 members. In addition to promoting and developing educational research through conferences, seminars and discussion groups, particularly with regard to India, the commitment also aims to disseminate information and results.

Association of Indian Universities (AIU)

The AIU promotes cooperation between Indian universities in a variety of ways (the goals are listed under "Objectives"), represents their interests in national university policy and supports the member universities in their tasks and services. On the one hand, the homepage offers information [...]

India Didactics Association (IDA)

The India Didactics Association (IDA) is the association for the education industry in India. The IDA connects the state institutions, the companies and service providers of the education sector and the employees in the education system on a common platform. With a network of more than 62,000 members from the [...]

Education Promotion Society For India (EPSI)

EPSI sees itself as a mediator in educational issues between government, science and industry in India. The website offers information about the society itself, as well as recommendations on various educational issues ("recommendations"), some conference papers or a newsletter. [Summary: Editing Education [...]

Indian Public Schools' Conference (IPSC)

The term "conference" is meant here rather as a "union", whereby the Indian Public Schools' Conference (IPSC), according to its own description, means an association of a certain type of school, and not all schools that describe themselves as "public". The IPSC has existed since 1939 and meanwhile 79 [...]

German engagement in India

Germany and India: partners in education and research (Federal Ministry of Education and Research)

Germany; India
A brief overview of the cooperation between the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research and India. In addition, the site offers further links [Summary: Redaktion Bildung Weltweit]

German Cooperation Programs: India (as of July 2014) (BMBF / Cooperation International)

India; Germany
[Attention: the page comes from the internet archive and is no longer up to date - as of July 2014]
´´With the initiative 'India and Germany - Strategic Partners for Innovation', the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) supports German-Indian cooperation.´´ The website, which [...]

Country cooperation: India (International Office of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, BMBF)

Germany; India
The website offers information about the official German cooperation in education and research with India. This includes, among other things, information on funding opportunities for India, the political framework, priorities and highlights of German-Indian cooperation and much more. There is also [...]

German House for Research and Innovation - DWIH New Delhi (Germany, Land of Ideas)

India; Germany
The German Science and Innovation Houses (DWHI) were brought into being by the government of the Federal Republic with the participation of the Federal Foreign Office and the Federal Ministry for Education and Research. The institute homepage in New Delhi is aimed in particular at Indian students, researchers and [...]

DFG Office India

India; Germany
"In addition to advising on existing cooperation projects, researchers from both countries in particular are to be brought together who offer high potential for cooperation in terms of excellence and complementarity. The DFG liaison office takes on these tasks together with the existing Indian partner institutions, [...]

Literature on Education in India

Education in India.

The following article tries to describe the cornerstones of the Indian education system in the context of historical and social aspects. Following on from this, the history of Indian education is presented (Chapter 2). The third chapter takes a detailed look at today's education. In the fourth chapter, current [...]

Literature on India from 2012 from the pedagogical specialist portal

The pedagogical specialist portal offers a comprehensive search across several education-relevant and Germany-wide databases, as well as two important international databases. [Summary: Editorial Office Education Worldwide]

Literature on the educational system and history of India from the pedagogical specialist portal

The pedagogical specialist portal offers a comprehensive search across several education-relevant and Germany-wide databases, as well as two important international databases. [Summary: Editorial Office Education Worldwide]

India Education Review

The India Education Review provides information on current developments and events in the Indian education sector. The articles are written in a more journalistic style, even though the authors are often professionals from the education sector. In addition to classic articles, there are also interviews, opinions and case studies. [...]

BRICS cooperation in India

IBSA Trilateral: India-Brazil-South Africa Dialogue Forum

India; Brazil; South Africa, Republic
The dialogue forum between India, Brazil and South Africa emerged from the 'Brasilia Declaration' in 2003. About once a year, the three heads of government meet in specially established summit meetings, and the foreign ministers of the [...]

Ciência sem Fronteiras

Brazil; International; China; India; Russian Federation
"Ciência sem Fronteiras" (Science Without Borders) is a large-scale scholarship program run by the Brazilian government. Up to 100,000 Brazilian students are to be funded by 2014/2015 and complete part of their studies abroad. The [...]

Bilateral / Multilateral Documents - Ministry of External Affairs, India

India; International
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of India offers a search for bilateral and multilateral agreements between India and other states. You can search for specific countries or keywords such as "education". [Summary: Editorial Office Education Worldwide]

We have selected the following agreements for you in the field of education on the website of the Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs / category "Bilateral / Multilateral Documents". Please note that the list does not claim to be complete.

China-India Relations> Education Cooperation

China; India
Information page of the Chinese Embassy in India. The site offers information for Indian students who want to study in China, about language courses, but also about other news about cooperation between India and China in the field of education. [Summary: Editorial Office Education Worldwide]

Russian Center for Science and Culture, New Delhi, India

Russian Federation; India
The center offers residents of major Indian cities the opportunity to get to know the Russian language, art, culture and science. (whereby science plays a rather subordinate role). It offers a library and video library with Russian literature and films, contact to the Institute for [...]

Russian-Indian Scientific and Technological Center

Russian Federation; India
The Russian-Indian Scientific Technology Center (RI STC) was founded as a long-term program based on political decisions in 2007 in Moscow. "The goals of the center are mainly:
- Support basic research
- Experience with the technological and scientific exchange [...]

Russia & India Report - Indo-Russian Cooperation

India; Russian Federation
Russia & India Report is part of the international news portal ´´Russia Beyond the Headlines´´, produced by the daily newspaper Rossiyskaya Gazeta, the official gazette of the Russian government. The excerpt linked here mainly concerns articles on Indo-Russian cooperation. The [...]

Center for Indian Studies in Africa (CISA)

India; South Africa, Republic
"The Center for Indian Studies in Africa (CISA) was established in 2007 at the Witwatersrand University (Wits), Johannesburg. In 2009, the center received a generous grant from the Mellon Foundation to set up a chair in Indian Studies and scholarships for students.
CISA promotes [...]

Other things about India

Education for all in India

The website offers extensive information on Indian statistics, initiatives, programs, events, legal regulations, etc. to achieve the goals of the "Education for All" initiative. Education for all is based on a declaration at the "World Conference on Education for All" in Jomtien, [...]