What is the obesity rate in Mexico

IFB Obesity Diseases

Over half of the adults in Germany are overweight, almost a quarter are even pathologically overweight (obese). Around 15 percent of children and adolescents are overweight and six percent are already obese. V. a. the group of obese and very obese people is growing.

Developments in Adults

According to the DEGS study by the Robert Koch Institute (2008-2011), 67.1 percent of men and 53 percent of women are overweight with a body mass index (BMI) over 25 kg / m2. Obese with a BMI over 30 kg / m2 are 23.3 percent of men and 23.9 percent of women in this country (age 18 to 91 years). In 1998 the proportion was around 19 percent for men and 22.5 percent for women. The greatest increase in obesity for men and women is in the 25 to 34 age group - the young people who grew up with computers and many entertainment media. (Source: www.degs-studie.de)

Developments in Children and Adolescents

In Germany, according to the KIGGS study (2003-2009) by the Robert Koch Institute, 15 percent of children and adolescents between the ages of 3 and 17 are overweight. Overweight is determined using the body mass index and the so-called percentile curves for children and adolescents. There are 1.9 million overweight children and adolescents in this country. Compared with the reference values ​​from 1985 to 1999, there is an increase of 50 percent.

Around 6 percent of children and adolescents are even obese. This means that around 800,000 of the 1.9 million girls and boys are pathologically overweight or obese. The proportion of obese children and adolescents has doubled compared to the reference values ​​from 1985-1999. The proportion of overweight children increases with age: while 9 percent of 3- to 6-year-olds are too heavy, it is already 15 percent for 7 to 10-year-olds, and finally 17 for 14 to 17-year-olds Percent. (Source: KIGGS Children and Youth Health Survey; www.kiggs-studie.de)

Social status has an impact on weight

Children and adolescents from socially disadvantaged families have a higher risk of being overweight. Among these, children from migrant families have a higher proportion, especially if they come from Turkey, Central and Southern Europe and Poland. (Source: KIGGS Child and Youth Health Survey; www.kiggs-studie.de)

Obesity worldwide

In the US, the rates of obese people are slightly higher than in Germany: two-thirds of Americans are overweight and 36 percent of adults are obese, as is 17 percent of children. France and Switzerland are a bit leaner, while there are around 25 percent obese people in the UK population.

The increase in overweight people has long been not just an American and European problem, but a global one: Studies showed that in 2008 around 1.5 billion people around the world were overweight or obese. Not even half a human life before, namely in 1980 it was only about half of that. Researchers at Tulane University (USA) estimate that there will be 3.3 billion overweight people worldwide by 2030.

The obesity frontrunners also include the Pacific Islands, Mexico and the Gulf States; while Brazil, China and South Africa are catching up strongly. In many developing countries, too, the rate of overweight women is already higher than the rate of underweight. The connection between the growing economic power of a country and an increasing body weight in the population is particularly striking. Children of malnourished mothers, especially the new generations in emerging countries, are particularly at risk for the development of pathological obesity.

Consequences of obesity

Effective therapies are still lacking - there is no remedy for the obesity problem in sight. This is dramatically v. a. because of the secondary diseases of being very overweight. The World Health Organization (WHO) leads z. B. 44 percent of sugar diseases and around 40 percent of certain cancers are due to obesity. Obesity is a major health and financial burden for those affected and for society. The “Economist” assumes that an obese person causes around 40 percent higher health costs than a person of normal weight.

The German Obesity Society cites direct treatment costs for obesity of over 85 million euros for 2003 and around 11.3 billion euros for secondary diseases. The indirect costs z. B. for absenteeism amounted to 1.4 to 1.6 billion euros.

Subsequent diseases such as fatty liver, vascular and heart disease, diabetes and high blood pressure can, for. B. are inadequately identified and treated in emerging countries. The situation there is paradoxical: the increased prosperity changed diet and lifestyle in many places, there were a large number of overweight people with the aforementioned concomitant diseases, but little has changed in terms of inadequate health care.