What screams I'm new to California
California will require e-quotas for commercial vehicles from 2024
From 2024, California will require manufacturers to sell a gradually increasing proportion of electrically powered trucks, vans and pickup trucks until 2035. By 2045, every new commercial vehicle in the US state should be electric.
The corresponding regulation "Advanced Clean Trucks" has now been passed by the California Air Resources Board (CARB). In addition to the ZEV quotas for cars that have existed in California for several years and the resolution that all Californian transport companies may only buy fully electric buses from 2029, there are now also requirements for the electrification of trucks, vans and pickup trucks, which belong to the commercial vehicles in the USA.
First of all, to explain: Classes 2b and 3 are light to medium-sized trucks with a maximum gross vehicle weight of 4.536 (2b) and 6.35 tonnes (3), respectively. This includes some versions of the Chevrolet Silverado, GMC Sierra or the Ford models F-250 and F-350. The F-150, which is popular in the USA and which is also to come as an electric version, weighs 3.856 tonnes and is a "light" class 2a vehicle - and is therefore not affected by the regulation.
Classes 4 to 8 are also graded according to weight - up to 7.257 tons, up to 8.845 tons, up to 11.793 tons, up to 14.969 tons and finally class 8 everything that is above. The "tractors" are the tractor units, which are also known as semi-trucks.
Specifically, the quotas will start between five and nine percent in 2024, depending on the class. In 2030 it will be between 30 and 50 percent, in 2035 for commercial vehicles in classes 4 to 8 it will even be 75 percent. California is thus particularly targeting the heavy pickups, the largest versions of these models fall into classes 5 or 6. However, this segment also includes smaller trucks such as the Peterbilt 325 - i.e. vehicles that are rated as 7.5-tonne in Europe. Trucks would be classified. Here, three out of four vehicles sold in 2035 will have to be electric. For the heavier semi-trucks, California will cap the e-quota at 40 percent from 2032.
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This means that California is giving the semi-trucks, which are often used on longer routes, gentler regulations for switching. However, California intends to adhere to the overall goal of only allowing emission-free commercial vehicles from 2045. While some of them speak of a "new era of trucking", according to the US media, criticism of the specifications has been raised elsewhere, for example from providers of alternative fuels or the Diesel Technology Forum. The high costs and unknown factors such as the range and durability of the batteries were criticized.
With the regulation, the state wants to achieve that the climate targets and air quality standards are still achieved, especially in the Los Angeles area and the San Joaquin Valley. According to a statement from CARB, only two of the 30 million vehicles registered in California are class 2b-8 commercial vehicles, but these are responsible for 70 percent of "smog-causing pollution" and 80 percent of soot emissions.
The regulations could develop radiance far beyond the borders of California: In the passenger car sector, the California ZEV mandate is already being adopted by more and more states, as reported.
truckinginfo.com, forbes.com, arb.ca.gov, arb.ca.gov (factsheet)
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