Where's a meteor crater

Huge boulders regularly rush towards the earth at unbelievable speed. Most of them just miss the earth. However, some hit the surface of the earth. Approximately 170 impact holes have been discovered to date. Some have left devastating marks. These are the most spectacular meteorite craters in the world.

Impact craters are created when a meteorite, asteroid or comet crashes onto a planet or moon. In the history of our solar system, all planets have been bombed by meteorites. The traces of these fire projectiles are clearly visible on the surface of the moon, for example. On Earth, erosion and tectonics change the impact holes over time. So far, around 170 impact holes have been discovered on Earth. Their diameter ranges from ten meters to 300 kilometers. They are up to two billion years old.

Kaali crater, Estonia

A meteorite hit the earth around 7,500 years ago. It left a crater over 100 meters wide in the middle of the Estonian island of Saarema. The consequences of the meteorite impact were devastating and resembled a small atomic bomb. The entire forest of the island burned at that time. The meteorite shattered at a height of about five to ten kilometers and caused many small pieces to rain on the earth. The largest of these parts left a hole over 20 meters deep, now known as the Kaali Crater. There are also eight smaller craters. The Kaali meteorite crater field on Saaremaa is the rarest natural monument in Estonia and the most demanding crater field in Eurasia. The crater also appears in many Estonian myths and stories.

The Red Ridge, Namibia

It's a gigantic hole in the middle of the Namib Desert. The crater in southern Namibia, created by a meteorite impact, is around 130 meters deep and 2.5 kilometers in diameter. However, it is covered with a 100-meter-thick layer of sand. The crater is clearly visible. A meteor the size of a truck formed the bay. Together with the orange-red color of the desert, the crater is more reminiscent of the surface of Mars than of the local planets.

Wolfe Creek Crater, Australia

A circular impact crater in the middle of the Australian outback. The Aborigines knew the huge hole, which they call "Kandimalal", long before the Europeans discovered it in 1947. About 300 thousand years ago, the meteorite hit Australia at high speed. The monster rock weighed about 50 thousand tons and left a crater about 900 meters wide that filled with sand over the years.

During the rare heavy rains, water collects in the crater, which quickly evaporates again, leaving behind dissolved mineral salts.

Visitors can reach the crater via the unpaved Tanami Track, the central link between Halls Creek and Alice Springs in the Red Heart of Australia.

Barringer Crater, Arizona

The Barringer Crater is the most famous and best preserved impact crater on earth due to the desert climate. The meteorite struck Arizona at incredible speeds about 50,000 years ago. The huge opening in the earth is named after Daniel Barringer, who was the first to recognize that the crater was created by a meteorite impact. To this day, the crater is privately owned by his family and is known as Meteor Crater or Arizona Crater. The gigantic gap measures an impressive 1,200 meters in diameter and 170 meters deep.



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