Chinese Americans only eat Chinese food
China and Covid-19: 16 Myths and Facts – but not only there – lies, myths and conspiracy theories are rampant. Each pursues a specific goal: to denigrate and discredit the political or social opponent, a country, a nation, a religion. Of this "Infodemy" China is particularly affected. In the following, we have compiled the 16 most common untruths and half-truths about China and Covid-19 and refuted them on the basis of scientific findings and argumentation. We want something more this way Objectivity, honesty and sincerity bring into the debate.
Myth # 1: China has grown the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus in laboratories.
Fact: The SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus is of natural origin.
l SARS-CoV-2 is a new type from the coronavirus group that has been known for decades. The WHO notes that all available evidence suggests that SARS-CoV-2 is of natural animal origin and is not an artificially created virus. Where exactly the SARS-CoV-2 comes from has not been conclusively scientifically clarified. There are currently only speculations about possible connections with bats and pangolins. https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses
l The Berlin virologist Prof. Dr. Christian Drosten and 26 other renowned international scientists reject in an article in the medical journal „Lancet" the theory of laboratory origin strictly. https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)30418-9/fulltext
l In mid-March, researchers led by the Swedish microbiology professor Kristian Andersen published their analysis of the SARS-CoV-2 in the renowned specialist magazine "Nature MedicineThe researchers consider a laboratory scenario to be implausible and emphasize that SARS-CoV-2 is not the product of targeted manipulation. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-020-0820-9
l Gunnar Jeremias, head of the interdisciplinary research group for the analysis of biological risks at the University of Hamburg, contradicts conspiracy theorists: "You can't make something like this in the best laboratory in the world!", He says in an interview with the initiative "Faces of peace" clear. https://www.faces-of-peace.org/gunnar-jeremias/
Myth # 2: The SARS-CoV-2 escaped the laboratory of the Wuhan Institute of Virology (WIV) in an accident.
Fact: The WIV has nothing to do with the origin of the SARS-CoV-2.
l The National Biosafety Laboratory of the WIV has biological protection level 4 (BSL-4, comparable to the high security laboratory S4 of the Robert Koch Institute in Berlin), which is certified for handling the deadliest pathogens in the world. The laboratory is located about 30 kilometers from downtown Wuhan. Nothing can leak out of the high-security laboratory that is not allowed to leak out.
l Mr. Yuan Zhiming, deputy director of the WIV and head of the laboratory, introduced April 2020 in an interview with CGTN clear, the SARS-CoV-2 did not come from the WIV under any circumstances. Before handing over the first samples from Covid-19 patients on 30. December 2019 there was no SARS-CoV-2 in the laboratory. So far, no one in the WIV has been infected with SARS-CoV-2. Mr. Yuan said it was understandable that his laboratory in Wuhan might create associations with people. But it is bad when some try to deliberately mislead people. The claim that SARS-CoV-2 could come from the WIV is purely speculative. The interview can be viewed here: https://news.cgtn.com/news/2020-04-21/CGTN-Exclusive-Where-was-the-coronavirus-from--PSnZAjM98Y/index.html
l Dr. Peter Daszak is President of EcoHealth Alliance, a not-for-profit organization based in New York. He examines emerging infectious diseases around the world and has been working with the WIV for 15 years. In an interview with "DemocracyNow"on April 16, 2020, Dr. Daszak said:" The idea that this virus escaped from a laboratory is pure nonsense. There was no cultivated virus in the WIV laboratory that had anything to do with SARS-CoV-2 So it's just not possible. " https://www.democracynow.org/2020/4/16/peter_daszak_coronavirus
l The conspiracy theory about the escape of Covid-19 from the WIV is a targeted disinformation weapon of the Trump administration, write the US journalists Max Blumenthal and Ajit Singh in a detailed article. The dimension of this targeted disinformation campaign is comparable to that of alleged Iraqi weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, which were never found, but which provided the pretext for the US invasion of the country. https://thegrayzone.com/2020/04/20/trump-media-chinese-lab-coronavirus-conspiracy/amp/?__twitter_impression=true
Myth # 3: The novel coronavirus is a Chinese virus because it comes from Wuhan.
Fact: The novel coronavirus is called SARS-CoV-2 and Wuhan is where the Covid-19 disease was first reported. But it is not necessarily the place of origin of the SARS-CoV-2.
l The first cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection were observed in Wuhan in December 2019, at that time it was called pneumonia of unknown cause. But the exact place of origin of the virus has not yet been conclusively determined scientifically. It often happens that the place where a new virus was first found is not where the virus originated. The AIDS / HIV virus, for example, was first reported in the USA, but its origin is most likely in West Africa: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIDS#Entstehungstheorien And the Marbug virus, which was first discovered in the Hessian town of Marburg, most likely originated in Uganda: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marburg-Virus#Geschichte
l To avoid denigration and stigmatization, the WHO issued recommendations in 2015 on how to name new human infectious diseases and pathogens. Place and country names should be avoided as well as names of people and animals or terms that could cause fear and panic. https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/163636/WHO_HSE_FOS_15.1_eng.pdf Therefore, the novel coronavirus received on 11. February 2020 officially the name SARS-CoV-2.
l The renowned science magazine "Nature"exclaims in an editorial on Jan. April 2020 to stop the coronavirus stigma immediately. Continuing to associate a virus and the disease it causes with a certain place is irresponsible and must be stopped. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-01009-0
l In fact, the Covid-19 pandemic is fueling racism and discrimination, especially against Chinese and Asian-looking people. Attacks on people of Asian origin are also increasing in Germany. https://www.tagesspiegel.de/themen/reportage/entfesselter-rassismus-in-der-coronakrise-er-sAGEN-man-muesse-mich-mit-sagrotan-einspruehen/25750740.html
Myth # 4: China already knew about the outbreak of the corona epidemic in mid-November 2019 and kept the outbreak secret for 45 days.
Fact: The Chinese authorities received on Jan. December 2019 the first report from Cases of lung disease of unknown cause and raised the first epidemiological alarm on December 31, 2019.
l On December 27, 2019, Dr. Zhang Jixian, director of the Hubei Hospital's Respiratory Disease and Intensive Care Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Jianghan District of Wuhan City, Report of three patients with pneumonia of unknown cause. That day, a government agency in China first learned of a possible outbreak. In this interview, Dr. Zhang the specific course of the reporting and showed the first patient files http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-04/16/c_138982435.htm
l Through epidemiological studies based on PCR tests, Chinese scientists were able to identify the first patients with Covid-19 in December in Wuhan. These findings were published on January 24th in the renowned specialist magazine „Lancet" released: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)30183-5/fulltext
l Three days after the initiation of the epidemiological investigation, the Health commission the city of Wuhan on Dec. December 2019 raised an epidemiological alert and recommended wearing protective masks. On that day, a total of 27 cases of pneumonia of unknown cause were reported to the agency, 7 of them severe. http://wjw.wuhan.gov.cn/front/web/showDetail/2019123108989
l Colds, flu waves and pneumonia are not uncommon in winter. Detecting and identifying a novel, serious outbreak of a new infectious disease with flu-like symptoms in a city of 11 million people is no easy task. The WHO therefore expressly praised the performance of Chinese doctors and health authorities in quickly identifying the novel coronavirus in the middle of the flu season. https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)30420-7/fulltext
Myth # 5: China hushed up the outbreak of the corona pandemic for a long time, making global spread possible in the first place.
fact: China has always informed the domestic and global public about the outbreak of the epidemic to the best of its knowledge and belief, has taken the strictest quarantine measures within a very short time and thus given the rest of the world at least 6 weeks to prepare for the pandemic.
l China fulfilled its obligation very early on to report the novel disease progression to the WHO.
O On December 31, 2019, China informed the WHO about cases of pneumonia of unknown cause in Wuhan.
O From January 3, 2020, China regularly informed the WHO, its neighbors and other countries such as the USA about the progress.
O The pathogen SARS-CoV-2 was finally identified on January 8, 2020.
O On January 12, China made five complete genome sequences of the SARS-CoV-2 available to the global platform GISAID and shared the genetic data with the WHO.
O The development of the PCR test kit was completed on January 16.
O On January 20, based on well-founded epidemiological studies, China confirmed the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 from person to person.
The WHO confirms exactly this timeline: https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/08-04-2020-who-timeline---covid-19
l The claim that China was covering up something suggests that the Chinese authorities have recognized and understood that the disease is dangerous and yet did not deal transparently with this finding. But that is not the truth. At the time of the outbreak, there was hardly any scientifically usable evidence that the novel viral disease could be the start of a dangerous epidemic. Immediately after the final confirmation of human-to-human transmission and a likely expected higher case mortality rate than normal flu, the Chinese government immediately alerted the public and took uncompromising containment measures. On January 23, Wuhan was completely cordoned off and on January 25, Hubei Province, which has a population of 60 million, was also cordoned off.
l When Wuhan was sealed off on January 23, 2020, there were 571 confirmed cases in China and 10 confirmed cases in the rest of the world, none of which were in Europe. https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200123-sitrep-3-2019-ncov.pdf?sfvrsn=d6d23643_8 When China on Jan. January 2020 suspended all tourist trips abroad, there were 2,741 confirmed cases in China and 37 confirmed cases in the rest of the world, including 3 in Europe. https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200127-sitrep-7-2019--ncov.pdf?sfvrsn=98ef79f5_2 On 23. In February 2020, a month after the lockdown of Wuhan and Hubei Province, there were 78,811 confirmed cases worldwide, only 2.2 percent of them outside of China. https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200223-sitrep-34-covid-19.pdf?sfvrsn=44ff8fd3_2 Until then, there were hardly any effective preventive measures anywhere in the world except in East Asia.
l It was the Trump administration that downplayed and downplayed the dangerousness and seriousness of the Covid-19 epidemic until the beginning of March 2020, although at this point in time clear warnings from China with rapidly growing infection numbers had been in place for a month and a half and in a historically unprecedented lockdown Hubei province with 60 million inhabitants was cordoned off. In addition, the New York Times published an in-depth research on April 11th: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/11/us/politics/coronavirus-trump-response.html
Myth # 6: China has arrested doctors who warned the world about the virus early on to cover up the outbreak.
Fact: No doctor in China has been arrested for warning of an epidemic outbreak. Doctors who reported a possible outbreak have been recognized by the state.
l In the late afternoon of December 30, 2019, the ophthalmologist Dr. Li Wenliang sent a patient scan and some messages to a private chat group he had with some colleagues. He claimed that there were "seven confirmed cases of SARS". He advised doctors to take better protection and asked not to divulge this information. Nevertheless, his testimony quickly circulated on social media as a screenshot. The police got him then summoned on January 3, 2020 and reprimanded him to stop spreading rumors, because sa (false) statement that it was SARS could have triggered a mass panic. Then he returned to work. In mid-January, he became infected during patient treatment. His illness was diagnosed on Jan.1. January confirmed as Covid-19 by a PCR test. On February 7th, Dr. Li despite intensive treatment efforts. The National Health Commission expressed condolences publicly on the same day. http://www.nhc.gov.cn/xcs/s3574/202002/680b01ada7604820a155dd7e9fd89ba6.shtml
l Dr. Li was not a "whistleblower" . He did not notify public health authorities, nor did he warn the public about wrongdoing or cover-up. Dr. Zhang Jixian had already informed the health authorities of the city of Wuhan on December 27, 2019 about an accumulation of unusual virus cases. The city government was already three days before Dr. Li was active in the cases and examined them with due care. December issued the first public warning. Dr. Zhang was recognized by the government and received a national award.
l On February 7th, 2020 the National Supervisory Commissionto send an investigation team to Wuhan to investigate Dr. Li Wenliang to investigate. On March 19, the team released the results of their investigation and held a press conference. http://www.ccdi.gov.cn/toutiao/202003/t20200319_213880.html As a result of the investigation, the Wuhan City Police Department issued a circular stating that the reprimand to Dr. Li had not been legally compliant and revoked the reprimand.
l Dr. Li Wenliang was a good doctor and a member of the Chinese Communist Party. On April 2nd, the Chinese government gave him the highest honor. The death of Dr. However, Li was instrumentalized by the USA and hyped into an anti-communism campaign without any reference to facts. With the machinations behind the scenes, a detailed research of the "Independent Media Institute" deals: https://independentmediainstitute.org/growing-xenophobia-against-china-in-the-midst-of-coronashock/?from=singlemessage&isappinstalled=0
Myth # 7: China has veiled and embellished its numbers of people infected with corona and corona deaths.
Fact: China has always handled its numbers of infected and dead people transparently and has complied with its reporting obligations to the best of its knowledge and belief.
l As of April 20, 2020, 50,333 people infected with corona and 3,869 deaths in connection with corona were registered in the city of Wuhan. This corresponds to a case mortality rate of 7.69 percent, which is already high in a global comparison.
l The relatively low numbers of corona infected and corona deaths across China are due to the timely introduction of comprehensive, strict and thorough measures as well as the immediate closure of the airports and train stations in the city of Wuhan. According to a study of "Science"Without the above measures, there would have been more than 700,000 corona infected people in China. https://science.sciencemag.org/content/early/2020/03/30/science.abb6105?rss=1
l Since the outbreak of the Covid-19 epidemic, the Chinese central government has sent around 42,000 medical professionals from all over China to Hubei Province and built two special hospitals with a capacity of 2,500 intensive care beds in Wuhan within just two weeks to ensure local medical care . In addition, 19 exhibition halls and sports arenas were converted into temporary hospitals with around 30,000 beds, in which all confirmed cases of infection were admitted with a milder course. All suspected cases and direct contact persons were accommodated in quarantine hotels. In this way, all chains of infection could be broken and the unchecked spread of the epidemic contained. That has, for example Handelsblatt acknowledged in this comment: https://www.handelsblatt.com/meinung/kommentare/kommentar-europa-lernt-nicht-aus-chinas-und-suedkoreas-erhaben-in-der-corona-bekaempfung/25675546.html
l On April 17, the Wuhan city government corrected the number of corona deaths from 2,579 to 3,869 because the Chinese Infection Protection Act contains clear provisions on the publication and revision of information about infectious diseases. And after the Covid-19 epidemic in Wuhan was largely brought under control, the Wuhan authorities set up an epidemiological task force to review in detail each of the confirmed cases of infection and death. Data revision for highly infectious diseases is common international practice. The revision of the data in Wuhan ultimately led to the new, current figures, which China then immediately submitted to the world public. The WHO also commented positively that China "left no death undocumented".https://www.cnbc.com/2020/04/17/who-says-china-revised-coronavirus-infection-data-to-leave-no-case-undocumented. 8: China manipulates the World Health Organization (WHO) so that it does not criticize China.
Fact: The WHO as an independent organization of the United Nations with 194 member states cannot be manipulated.
l Of the 21 members of the WHO governing body in Geneva, only one is from China: Dr. Ren Minghui. He has been WHO's Associate Director General for HIV / AIDS, Tuberculosis, Malaria and Neglected Tropical Diseases since January 2016. https://www.who.int/dg/who-headquarters-leadership-team
l The USA was the largest donor of the WHO until the suspension of payments was proclaimed. If you add up membership fees and donations, China only ranks 6th in the ranking of the most important donors. https://www.who.int/about/planning-finance-and-accountability/financing-campaign
l WHO staff are medical professionals and public health experts with years of epidemic control. Their work is based on science, evidence and technical expertise.
l Not only China, but almost all member states support the work of the General Director Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus expressly. https://www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---20-april-2020 The claim that the WHO chief is by "the grace of China" and that China put him in office is unfounded.
Myth # 9: China is preventing Taiwan from joining the WHO, putting the health of the people in Taiwan at risk.
Fact: Taiwan is part of China and not a member of the United Nations. It is therefore not justified under international law to join the WHO. Nevertheless, technical cooperation between the WHO and Taiwan is guaranteed.
l The WHO is a specialized agency of the United Nations. Only member states of the United Nations are eligible to join WHO. Taiwan is neither a sovereign state nor a member of the United Nations, but a part of China. It is therefore not qualified for membership in the WHO.
l The agreement between China and WHO under the International Health Regulations 2005 (IHR), an IHR contact point was set up in Taiwan to give the regional health authority access to WHO health information. Technical cooperation between the WHO and Taiwan is running smoothly. From the beginning of 2019 to March 2020, a total of 24 experts from the Taiwan region took part in 16 specialist meetings organized by the WHO.
l For the Chinese central government, the health of compatriots in Taiwan is a priority. Since the outbreak of the Covid-19 epidemic, the Chinese government has kept Taiwan's health authority up to date. As of April 13, the Chinese central government had notified the Taiwanese health authority in 127 notices about the Covid-19 epidemic. Health experts from Taiwan were invited to Wuhan in mid-January to see for themselves.
l The fact that Taiwan will be released by Nov. April 2020 a total of only 426 confirmed Covid-19 cases and 6 of them reported deaths, shows that the health of residents in Taiwan has nothing to do with being a WHO member.
Myth # 10: Taiwan announced the WHO on December 31. December 2019 warned of a risk of human-to-human transmission of the novel coronavirus, but was ignored.
Fact: Taiwan did not warn the WHO, only asked the WHO for further information following the announcement by the Wuhan city government.
l When the lung diseases of unknown cause in Wuhan on Jan. December 2019, the health authority in Taiwan asked the National Health Commission of China for more information on the same day and received a corresponding answer. On the same day, Taiwan sent an email to WHO, which has now been published (see below). This email did not contain any warning or information that there was a risk of human-to-human transmission. Basically, the content of the email coincides with the information that the Wuhan city government had already reported.
l The WHO has emphasized several times that it was not a warning from Taiwan, but simply a request to keep an eye on developments in Wuhan. The email from Taiwan was not the first to mention the cases of illness in Wuhan. The WHO commented on the timing in a press conference on April 20, 2020: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/media-resources/press-briefings (from minute 15)
l The first Covid-19 case in Taiwan was only confirmed on January 21, 2020. Until then, Taiwan had no clinical knowledge of any human-to-human transmission of SARS-CoV-2. What scientific content and what plausibility could a warning from Taiwan have had without the diagnosis of a specific case?
Myth # 11: China is responsible for the outbreak of the pandemic and has to pay compensation to the states and people affected by it.
Fact: The virus is a common enemy of humanity and China is also a victim of the outbreak. Claims for compensation have no legal basis.
l The virus is a common enemy of all humanity and can break out anytime, anywhere in the world. Like all other countries hit by the pandemic, China is a victim - and not a perpetrator.
l International law provides that a country can only be held liable for certain damages if it has committed an "international tort" and has violated its international obligations. With a series of very early and effective measures, China has met its international obligations in the Covid-19 pandemic fulfilled (see timeline under Myth 5) It was not until January 30 that the WHO declared the Covid 19 epidemic to be "Public Health Emergency of International Concern"- one month after the first report from China - which suggests that there was no delay in reporting from China.
l According to applicable international law and International Health Regulations 2005 are Not to hold states liable for the outbreak of a pandemic. If China were made responsible for the spread of Covid-19 and obliged to pay compensation, who would then be made liable for the economic damage caused by H1N1 (swine flu), HIV (AIDS), BSE (mad cow disease) etc.? https://www.justsecurity.org/69394/covid-19-and-international-law-must-china-compensate-countries-for-the-damage-international-health-regulations/
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