What is a human body

Human body

English: human body

1 definition

The human body is the material component of man. It is an organic construct composed of cells that has a genetically defined, complete shape.

2 background

A body can be animate or inanimate (dead). An inanimate human body is called a corpse, and is then legally considered an object. Without the metabolic processes that serve to maintain it, the body quickly loses its shape and is subject to decomposition. He then turns into a carcass. An exception to this is the artificial preservation of the body as an anatomical preparation or as a mummy.

The body only becomes a "being" or, more precisely, a "living being" through the presence of metabolic processes, i.e. the life within it, the basic building blocks and functional processes of which are encoded in the DNA. As further elements of being human, psychological processes appear, which are referred to as spirit or consciousness. In religion, the soul is also introduced as a human entity that is independent of the body and that has no material correlate.

3 classification

The human body can be roughly anatomically divided into morphological segments, the so-called body parts (e.g. arm, leg, head). The limbs protruding from the trunk are called extremities. In addition to this roughly topographical division, the body is divided into several organ systems by the systematic anatomy. These include:

4 body and science

The human body has been the subject of intense scientific research for centuries. The scientific evaluation of the body is never "neutral", since it is a question of self-observation in which the human being makes parts of his subject into objects. The findings are therefore often influenced by ethical, religious or philosophical elements.

Anatomy deals with the structure of the body, physiology and biochemistry with its control and metabolic processes, and genetics with information processes. The diseases and dysfunctions of the body, as well as their cure, are the subject of medicine. In addition, there are a myriad of other subject areas that deal with specific aspects of the human body, e.g. nutritional science.

5 Physical Integrity

The integrity of the body and its inviolability represent a high ethical value in human society, which is reflected in numerous laws that are intended to protect this integrity. Any interference with the physical integrity is considered to be bodily harm.

Any medical intervention that disrupts physical integrity - even the relatively banal puncture of a vessel - is from a legal point of view bodily harm. Medical action only loses its illegality if the patient has given his / her consent.