Why are all Tamils ​​not Hindu

Religion in Sri Lanka

Home »Culture and People» Religion

What beliefs are there in Sri Lanka?

Most of the Sri Lankan residents are Theravada Buddhists (69%). In addition, about 15% of the population are Hindus. The Muslims, mostly descendants of the Moors, profess Islam with 9%. Mainly Sinhalese and Tamils ​​profess Christianity with 7%. You belong to the Roman Catholic Church.

The ethnic distribution of the population of Sri Lanka is reflected in the distribution of religions: The Sinhalese are for the most part Buddhists, the Tamils ​​are mostly Hindus and the Moors are exclusively Muslim. There are also Christian minorities among Tamils ​​and Sinhalese.

A Hindu temple in northern Sri Lanka

That was from the 8th to 11th centuries Mahayana spread. Buddhists in Sri Lanka have belonged to the Theravada school since the 12th century. Because Sri Lanka is a Buddhist country in the predominantly Hindu South Asia, Sri Lanka has a special position. Buddhism is given a special position in the Sri Lankan constitution. Accordingly, the state is obliged to "protect and promote" Buddhism. Shaivism is the most widespread belief among the Hindus in Sri Lanka and among the Tamils ​​on the Indian mainland. The Muslims of Sri Lanka are mainly Sunnis. As a result of the Portuguese proselytizing during the colonial period, Catholicism dominated the Christians, but there were also Anglicans (Curch of Ceylon) and Protestant groups.

The Teaching of Buddhism came to Sri Lanka in the 2nd century BC. The then ruling king converted to Buddhism and had the Sri Mahi Bodhi planted in Anuradhapura. This is a sprout of the tree under which Siddhartha Gautama is said to have found enlightenment. The basis of Buddhist teaching is the way of the middle, which is shaped by the four noble truths. Hinduism, on the other hand, is the only world religion that cannot be traced back to a Creator. It emerged from the caste system, Brahmanism and the sacrificial cult. The oldest scriptures are the Vedas. From around the 5th century AD, individual verses were probably also recorded in writing, but they were still regarded as secret Brahmanic knowledge.