Should the schools bring beating back
Corporal punishment and Co .: What no longer exists in schools today
When Maresi Lassek went to school, some teachers used a cane. The girls were hit on the hand, the boys on the bottom.
"That was in 1959 and continued after that," says Lassek, whose parents had moved with her from Austria to Bavaria and who went to school there. Corporal punishment has long been taboo.
From the jaw clamp to the removal of the smartphone
School is always changing, as this example shows particularly blatantly. Today, teachers are more likely to take smartphones away from students as punishment, give them homework or not allow them to go on excursions.
Much of what was once normal in schools no longer exists: Saturday classes, matrices, the subject of calligraphy. And then there are things that are likely to disappear sooner or later, like the Polylux, card rooms - and yes, even printed books. A look into the past and future of schools:
When you went to school on Saturday
In the past it was sometimes said on Saturday: Off to school! "That was compulsory in the GDR, for example," says Lassek, who is the federal chairwoman of the primary school association. As a rule, the five-day week applies today, and SATURDAY LESSONS are history.
A classic GDR term is the POLYLUX, students in West Germany know it more as OVERHEAD PROJECTOR. The device throws notes, diagrams or drawings on the wall, which are applied to transparent foils - it is, so to speak, the analogue predecessor of the projector. And it is precisely because of this that it will soon be threatened with extinction, predicts Heinz-Peter Meidinger. However, it is still in use in schools that are not well equipped digitally.
Meidinger works as the headmaster of a grammar school in Deggendorf, Bavaria, and is president of the German Teachers' Association. What is happening to the Polylux today happened to the MATRICES in the eighties: They were replaced by better technology. Up until then there were no copiers in schools. When teachers wanted to duplicate sheets for the class, the stencil printers were used.
Fine writing was once a subject
One subject that many teachers and parents may wish for sometimes back is SCHÖNSCHREIBEN. "That doesn't exist anymore," says Maresi Lassek. Maybe it should happen again? In any case, teachers repeatedly criticize the handwriting skills of students in the country in surveys.
The POETRY ALBUM has only marginally to do with handwriting. But even these little books are no longer what they used to be. Today the pages are structured and thus provide a corset in which you have to answer: name, hobbies, favorite food, a corner for a small portrait picture, favorite subjects, et cetera. Maresi Lassek still knows the poetry albums, the pages of which were simply white. "Then you had to design everything yourself."
When Meidinger graduated from high school in 1974, CALCULATORS appeared for the first time. But they couldn't be compared with the graphics-capable devices that exist today. At the time, they were bulky, barely affordable for the large number of schoolchildren, and had few functions. "We had the son of a chief doctor in the class, he had one," says Meidinger. "It could calculate a maximum of sine and cosine and cost 1000 D-Marks."
Calculators are still there. But what they can do, smartphone apps can now also do. Is the next replacement imminent here at some point? In any case, school principal Meidinger thinks that pocket calculators are playing less and less of a role today.
Slide rule and logic blocks in math class
A relic from the past are SLIDERS, also called RAKES. "These have disappeared from math lessons, as have the logical blocks," says Maresi Lassek. With the colorful shapes, students should one day learn set theory.
Aids have not only changed in mathematics lessons. English or Spanish lessons often took place in LANGUAGE LABORATORY. In these special rooms, every seat was equipped with headphones, cassette recorders and microphones. They were connected to the teacher's desk. "It was a revolutionary way for the teacher to play foreign language texts to the students on their headphones," says Heinz-Peter Meidinger. When students completed a lesson with a tape, the teacher could switch to individual seats and then listen to whether the pronunciation was correct, for example.
In some schools the laboratories still exist, but they have usually been replaced by computer rooms. How digitization is changing schools is not only evident here. The classic maps, for example for geography lessons, are used less and less, as Maresi Lassek says. "You will be replaced by the projector today."
Classic boards and whiteboards are now also available as interactive versions. And SCHOOL BOOKS, which make the school backpack difficult, could soon be a thing of the past. "There will certainly be hardly any printed school books in ten years", says Heinz-Peter Meidinger. Then they tend to work with digital e-books. The advantage here: They can be updated more easily if the course content changes and can be enriched with additional information at any time. (dpa)
Survey by the VBE and the Schreibmotorik Institut on handwriting
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