Are apple seeds classified as dangerous

This weekend it was a mixed breed husky, not one of the controversial "fighting dogs". It was even the family dog ​​that knocked over a pram in Cottbus and bit an eight-week-old child to death.

In contrast to similar attacks in previous years, the dog was probably not trained by its owners to attack and aggression.

Nevertheless, the case seems to confirm what dog experts have been saying for a long time: It is not the breed of a dog that determines its aggression, but the right way of dealing with the owner and the animal.

In spite of the federal law for the "fight against dangerous dogs", which has been in force for ten years, attacks by dogs on people continue to occur.

In August 2009, an American Bulldog attacked a four-year-old boy and bit him in the head. The child survived seriously injured. Shortly before, a 14-year-old girl in Magdeburg had been bitten in the hip by a Staffordshire terrier. The owner of the dog disappeared with the animal without paying any attention to the victim.

On September 10, 2009, it was a St. Bernard who bit a five-year-old girl in the face. On the same day, a mixed breed pit bull terrier attacked its owner and bit his arm and stomach. His master had reprimanded him for attacking a puppy that was new to the household.

Last December, two Rottweilers attacked a 67-year-old on company premises. In the same month a Doberman first injured his master and then attacked a father with his three children.

The same races over and over again

Reports of such incidents seem to keep repeating the same breeds of dog: Bull Terriers, American Staffordshire Terriers, Staffordshire Bull Terriers, and Pit Bull Terriers, to name a few. These are races that are classified as dangerous by law in Germany.

In addition to these breeds, the federal law for combating dangerous dogs also includes "their crossbreeds and dogs that are certain according to state law". State authorities are allowed to expand the list.

The dogs on these lists are commonly known as "attack dogs". If one looks at the breeding history of some breeds, this name could be justified.

Pit bull terriers, bull terriers, and staffordshire terriers were once bred to withstand gruesome dog fights. The Mastino Napolitano, which is on the list in some federal states, was bred in ancient Rome to fight in the circus or to rage on the battlefield. The Dogo Argentino, also classified as dangerous in some federal states, was bred in South America to hunt big cats. And yet: it is not the history of breeding that makes dogs dangerous.

"One cannot fix the term attack dog to the breed. Breeds consist of many individuals with an individual life history and individual social way of life with their humans. And that is what matters: How were the animals raised? How well and reliably can they be of theirs People are influenced in their behavior?

A dangerous dog is a creature that is not generally socialized, has not learned any rituals in dealing with people, knows no taboo zones and is not aloof from people. The breed only plays a subordinate role, if at all, "says ethologist Dorit Feddersen-Petersen from Christian-Albrechts-Universität in Kiel, a globally recognized expert in dog behavioral research.

But why then does the legislature explicitly designate these races as dangerous?