Is America a country or a continent


American alliances and trade agreements

From a tectonic point of view, America consists of 3 continental plates: North America, South America and the Caribbean plate, on which parts of the mainland also lie. For political reasons, however, North and South America are more often divided into two parts. Especially in Europe, however, the division into North, Central and South America prevails. According to the M49 standard, the United Nations only speak of North America and a combined region "Latin America and the Caribbean", which in turn is subdivided into Central and South America and the Caribbean.

A point of contention arises occasionally with the assignment of Greenland to Europe or America. Greenland is a territory of the Danish Kingdom and therefore belongs politically to Europe. Geographically, however, Greenland is part of North America. The US state of Hawaii, on the other hand, belongs politically to America, geographically and culturally, however, to Polynesia.

Overall, the double continent has a north-south extension of over 15,600 kilometers and stretches from the arctic Cape Morris Jesup in Greenland to the Chilean Cape Horn. Canada, the USA and Brazil are by far the largest countries.

Discovery and naming

America was not discovered until 1492 by Christopher Columbus, who assumed, however, to have landed in India. Amerigo Vespucci was the first to discover the Brazilian mainland and also gave its name to the continent. Incidentally, the name of the indigenous people as "Indians" is based on Columbus' error. However, the term is not used in America itself. There they mostly speak of "Native Americans".


After the discovery of America around 1500 AD. more and more areas of the continent were colonized. The indigenous peoples of America were pushed back further and further. We know this as Indian reservations from numerous films, whereby Indians in the true sense also include the indigenous people of South America. Other indigenous peoples are the Eskimos or the Mayas.

With colonization, numerous Europeans came to the continent and founded ever larger cities. As early as the early 16th century, an estimated 12 million slaves were bought in West and Central Africa and transported across the Atlantic by ships. This did not end until the middle of the 19th century.

Most widely used languages ​​in America

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