Can American nationalism be saved?


Mangol Bayat-Philipp

To person

Ph. D., born 1937; Professor emerita; Lecturer at the universities of Shiraz (Iran), Harvard, Iowa, Bonn, Jerusalem and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Address: 199 Coolidge Ave., Unit no.504, Watertown, MA 02472, USA.
Email: [email protected]

Publications including: Mysticism and Dissent: Socio-Religious Thought in Qajar Iran, Syracuse 1982; Iran's First Revolution: Shi'ism and the Constitutional Revolution, Oxford 1991; Iran's First Revolution (i.E.).

A historical overview of Iran-United States relations since 1953 is given. US politics shows that human rights and democracy have not always been at the center of bilateral relations.


Translation from English: Martina Boden, Winsen (Aller). Richard Cottam, US-Iran Relations: Areas of Tension and Mutual Interest, in: H. Amirahmadi / E. Hoogland (Ed.), U.S.-Iran Relations.

"On August 19, 1953, the American government made a mistake of truly tragic historical proportions. We participated in the overthrow of the regime in Iran (...) which, I think, was our natural strategic and ideological ally (...) ) The Eisenhower administration misunderstood (...) the situation and eliminated a liberal-nationalist elite by supporting the implementation of the coup against Dr. Mosaddeq. "1 Richard Cottam, the American expert on Iran in the 20th century, put it , 1994 at a symposium in Washington, DC At the time of the coup, he was a young career diplomat and one of the few who spoke out against the US government's policy on Iran. By 1994, most government officials and scholars, conservative or liberal, had come to the same conclusion. [1]

The Cold War is over and a new world order is slowly emerging, if not yet clearly defined. The destruction of the old bipolar system and the still amorphous character of the new world order have not only created a power vacuum. Small nations like Iran in particular were gripped by a feeling of great insecurity and vulnerability. The change in status from the dependent state, which was under the protection of the leading power of the free world, to the "rogue state" that threatens Western interests cannot be explained by the Islamic Revolution of 1979 alone. The revolutionary regime in Tehran has not managed to establish itself as an assertive military-economic power, which would correspond to the aggressiveness of its political rhetoric. In fact, the country is now a much weaker state. What is the logic of American-Iranian relations after the end of the Cold War?