Is there a belt-fed AK 47

The AK-12 is a Russian assault rifle with a chamber of 5.45 × 39 mm, which was designed and manufactured by the Kalashnikov Group (formerly Ishhmash). This makes it the fifth generation of Kalashnikov rifles. [4]

AK-12
AK-12 5.45 × 39 mm assault rifle
ArtAssault rifle
place of originRussia
Service history
In service2018 - today
Used byPlease refer user
Production history
DesignerMikhail Kalashnikov, Vladimir Zlobin, Sergey Urzhumcev
Designed2011
ManufacturerIzhmash (now Kalashnikov concern)
Produced2018 [1]
variantsPlease refer variants
Specifications
Dimensions3.3 kg [2]
length945 mm (37.2 in)
(725 mm shaft folded) [3]
Barrel length415 mm

cartridge5.45 x 39 mm (AK-12, AK-12K)
7.62 × 39 mm (AK-15, AK-15K)
5.56 × 45 mm NATO (AK-19)
actionGas operated, long stroke gas piston, twist lock
fire rate600-650 rounds / min
Muzzle velocity880–900 m / s (2,887–2,953 ft / s) (AK-12)
715 m / s (2,346 ft / s) (AK-15)
Effective shooting range500 m (point target)
800 m (area target)
Maximum firing range3,150 m
Feeding systemAK-12, AK-12K:
30-round magazine with detachable box
45-round magazine with removable cardboard box from the RPK-74
60-round magazine with removable coffin
95-round magazine with removable drum from the RPK-16
AK-15, AK-15K:
30-round magazine with detachable box
40-round magazine with removable box from the RPK
75-round magazine with removable drum from the RPK
Tourist AttractionsIron backup sight and integrated Picatinny rail for various optical sights

Kalashnikov Concern also offers a variant of the AK-12 with a chamber of 7.62 × 39 mm, which, at the request of the Russian military, can be used as a AK-15 known is, and a variant with a chamber of 5.56 × 45 mm, which on request as AK-19 designated is used by international customers. Compact versions of the AK-12 and AK-15 are also in development, namely the AK-12K and the AK-15K with a shorter barrel.

The AK-12 project was started in 2011 by the IZHMASH factory which, as a private company, became part of the Kalashnikov corporation to participate in the "ratnik" trials carried out by the Russian army. [5] It was further developed by Kalashnikov Concern and modified several times during its development and evaluation phase in order to meet the standards of the Russian military and to allay the concerns of the Russian army regarding the costs and problems with the fully automatic fire of the earlier prototype models. Several revisions have been made to improve the "area of ​​defects" discovered on the earlier prototype models released by the AK-200 were derived . These were later in favor of the tried and tested and improved AK-400 abandoned, which became the final model of the AK-12. [6]

history

On May 25, 2010, Russian media released a statement from the Russian Defense Ministry that the AK-12 rifle will be tested in 2011. The early prototype model (AK-200) was presented to Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin during his official visit to inspect the products of the Izhmash arms factory in Izhevsk, and it appeared to be a simple AK-74 (so in a 5.45 × 39 -mm cartridge chambered). The prototype of the Izhmash was equipped with a large capacity 60-year-old coffin magazine. On the early prototype model, the traditional positions of the cocking handle, safety lever and fire selector remained unchanged, but the production model of the AK-12 included revisions to all of these features. [ Quote needed ]

In January 2012, the Russian Deputy Defense Minister announced that the Russian Army would not buy the AK-12 because it had millions of surplus AK-74 assault rifles and concerns about Izhmash's financial position. Even so, the Russian Defense Ministry began rifle trials on November 2, 2012. It has been tested for effectiveness when exposed to freezing cold, desert heat, moisture, dust and shock. [7] By November 23, 2012, around 80 percent of the studies had been completed. In these initial tests, it was found that the AK-12 had a "number of defects". The specific issues were not revealed as they were considered "Developer's Confidential Information". Izhmash reported that the bugs could be fixed and that the trials precisely highlighted the weaknesses in the design for changes. [8] The preliminary tests of the AK-12 were completed on November 30, 2012. Izhmash then worked to fix the problems with the rifle that arose during the trials. Although the Russian Army said it would not introduce a new rifle in the near future, state acceptance attempts were due to begin in June 2013 [9] and to be completed in mid-2013. Series production should begin at the end of 2013. [10] Izhmash 30 manufactured prototypes for state studies. The company announced that it has the capacity to produce 1 million rifles per year for buyers. [11]

On September 16, 2013, the deputy chairman of the Russian Military-Industry Commission announced that from 2014 the Russian army would receive AK-12 assault rifles with a chamber of 5.45 mm and 7.62 mm. The new rifle will be put into service along with the new handguns, machine guns and sniper rifles. The AK-12 base platform allows nearly 20 different modifications to be converted into other configurations. State court proceedings were due to start in autumn 2013. [12] On September 23, 2013, the tabloid wrote Izvestiya, however that, according to an anonymous source, the AK-12 has not been accepted or even subjected to state tests due to deficiencies in preliminary tests [13] [14] The AK-12 was three previous of AK models and standardized assault rifles to replace the Russian military. The government's rejection of the AK-12 was due to senior commanders saying they had millions of AK-74 models in stock and didn't need a new rifle. However, legal proceedings for law enforcement agencies continue. [fifteen]

However, on December 23, 2014, the Russian Army announced that both the AK-12 and A-545 had passed state lawsuits and are being put into service for assessment with operational units. Both weapons were expected to be operationally tested by Russian forces from March 2015. [16]

On September 6, 2016 it was reported that Kalashnikov Concern presented the final production model of the AK-12, which is derived from the proven AK-400 (basic prototype) and has replaced the earlier prototype models. Two basic models were introduced, the AK-12 with a chamber of 5.45 × 39 mm and the AK-15 with a chamber of 7.62 × 39 mm. Kalashnikov Concern also unveiled a new automatic weapon housed in a 5.45 × 39mm cartridge. The RPK-16 is based on the traditional Kalashnikov layout and design and has several novel technical and ergonomic features derived from the AK-12 program. [17] It was also reported that the final production model of the AK-12 and AK-15 took part in troop trials with the Russian Army, where it competed against the Degtyarov A-545 and A-762 assault rifles. [18] The AK-12 has completed its operational tests and passed the military field tests in June 2017. [19] [20] [21] Both the AK-12 and AK-15 completed testing in December 2017. In January 2018 it was announced that the AK-12 and AK-15 have been adopted by the Russian military. [22] [23]

Before the United States' sectoral sanctions against the Russian defense industry in July 2014 [24] [25] made The United States' civil arms market accounts for 90% of civil arms sales from Kalashnikov Concern. [26] In 2014, Kalashnikov Concern planned to sell 200,000 Russian-made weapons to the US market through its only US distributor, the RWC Group. [26] Through The sale of Russian-made Kalashnikov weapons to the United States has significantly reduced both the production costs of current Kalashnikov weapons and the development costs of future Kalashnikov models purchased by the Russian government. [27]

The tests of the AK-12 were completed in December 2017. The weapon was adopted by the Russian army in January 2018.

In August 2018, the Armenian Ministry of Defense announced that it had secured the rights to manufacture the AK-12 and AK-15 in Armenia. [28]

design

AK-200 prototype model

The abandoned proposed prototype model of the AK-12, which is based on the prototype design of the AK-200

The abandoned prototype model, based on the AK-200, uses the same gas-powered long-stroke piston system as the previous Kalashnikov rifles, but many features are fundamentally different from the other rifles in its family. The light version offers the possibility of changing the caliber by swapping the barrels. It is housed in a 5.45 × 39mm cartridge, as in the standard configuration, and can be changed to either a 7.62 × 39mm or a 5.56 × 45mm NATO cartridge. Other intermediate calibers are also expected. The heavy version will accommodate the larger 7.62 × 51 mm NATO cartridge. It is carried by the standard 30-round AK-74M magazines and can also accommodate the 45-round magazines of the RPK-74. The Soviet chamber version with 7.62 × 39 mm is compatible with the 30-round magazine of the AKM and the 40-round box magazine of the RPK as well as the 75-round drum magazines. The magazines made specifically for the painted prototype model of the AK-12 include a 30-round magazine with a bolt lock actuator, a 60-round quad-stack magazine, and a 95-round drum. [29]

The broken prototype model of the AK-12 is ergonomically very different from its predecessors. It features a telescopic butt stock that aligns with the barrel for better recoil control and a stock lock that folds it on either side of the rifle. It has a height-adjustable rubber cheek piece and a piston plate. The cocking handle moves forward and can be attached to either side for two-handed use. The receiver is foldable and stiffer with a Picatinny rail for mounting the optics. There are several other accessory rails on the weapon, including on either side, bottom and top of the handguard (in line with the receiver for a longer monolithic rail) and on top of the gas block. There is also an eyelet under the gas chamber that can be used to mount a GP-34 grenade launcher, and another under the sight holder that holds a bayonet. The rear iron sight is located further back on the receiver and can be adjusted to aim when the shaft is extended or folded. The magazine release is in the same position but can be used by the trigger finger to remove magazines. In contrast to earlier AK rifles, the safety switch for the dust cap has been replaced by a two-handed fire protection switch. It has four positions safe, semi-automatic, three-round burst fire and fully automatic fire. Other improvements include a smaller ejection opening, a more ergonomic pistol grip, an improved rifle and a muzzle brake with 22 mm thread, with which rifle grenades can be fired according to NATO standards. [29] [30]

The fully automatic rate of fire of the broken prototype model of the AK-12 is 600 to 650 rounds per minute. A unique feature of the prototype is its ability to fire at a rate of 1,000 rounds per minute on its three-hour hyper-burst setting. [ Quote needed ]

Final production model

The final production model of the AK-12 is based on the proven AK-400 prototype. A major technical change of the AK-400 prototype compared to conventional AKs was the free floating of the barrel from the handguards. In all earlier AK rifles, the lower handguard of the rifle was mounted directly on the barrel with a handguard holder made of pressed steel. As a result, a force exerted on the handguard affects the zero of the rifle. The AK-400 prototype has the handguard attached to the receiver and a redesigned, stiffer, and non-removable gas tube, so the barrel remains relatively isolated and flexes and vibrates freely for greater accuracy. The AK-12 is chambered in 5.45 × 39 mm. Due to Russian military requirements, Kalashnikov Concern also offers the rifle in a 7.62 × 39 mm cartridge, which is referred to as the AK-15. Work is also underway on short-run versions of the AK-12 and AK-15, which will be referred to as the AK-12K and AK-15K. [31]

The final production model will remove the Russian Army's concerns about the problems with fully automatic fire and the cost of the earlier prototype models, and it is expected to be significantly cheaper to build. It also incorporates many of the same improvements developed for the earlier prototype models of the AK-12, but also improves the strength and durability of some of the rifle's components. [18] The distinctive, quick-release muzzle brake features a large expansion chamber, two symmetrical vertical cuts at the front end of the brake, and three non-symmetrically positioned vent holes to counteract the rise and fall of the muzzle, as well as lateral shifting to the right, crown-shaped glass breaker at the end. A flat plate near the end of the brake creates forward thrust when leaking exhaust gases hit its surface, greatly reducing recoil. [32] The rifle has an ergonomic pistol grip with an internal storage space for the maintenance kit, a retractable, side-folding, telescopic 4-position shoulder stick that is adjustable via the length of the train and the height-adjustable butt pad, and a storage space for a three-part cleaning stick and a Free-floating hand protection with ventilation holes. The dust cap firing mode and safety selector lever are similar to previous AK rifles, but additions have been made to allow the lever to be manipulated with the right index finger or left thumb. This type of selector lever has been and is sold as a spare part outside of Russia and is known in the US as a cancer-style safety device. The AK-12 utilizes a range and windage adjustable aperture type rear tangent sight irons calibrated in 100 m (109 km) increments from 100 to 800 m (109 to 875 km). The visor is a jacketed post that can be adjusted to the height in the field. [33] The Warsaw Pact's side dovetail rail for mounting optical sights on older AKs and other small arms has been replaced by a Picatinny rail for mounting sights. The rifle can also be equipped with a quickly detachable silencer and a bayonet. To further increase the combat effectiveness of the rifle, it can be equipped with a 40-mm grenade launcher GP-25 / GP-34 with one shot. [ Quote needed ]

The design of the final production model of the AK-12 has more to do with the existing AK-74M than its earlier prototype models, but will not be a retrofit to existing assault rifles. Several improvements have been made to the AK-12's receiver, including an improved and far more rigid top cover surface and a new free-floating barrel. [34] The final production model of the AK-12 reportedly outperforms the existing AK-74 by at least the margin required by the Russian government. [18]

The final production model of the AK-12 has a cyclical rate of fire of around 600 to 650 rounds per minute. [35] The three-lap hyper-burst feature of the earlier prototype models was replaced with a traditional two-lap burst feature in the final production model. [36]

variants

AK-12

An updated AK-12 with a redesigned polymer stock, pistol grip, trigger guard and new visor at the ARMY 2020 exhibit. These new upgrades are also included in the AK-19

The final production model of the AK-12 is based on the prototype of the AK-400, which is said to be more reliable, more accurate and better suited to the latest military demands of Russia. [5] The AK-12 has a chamber of 5.45 × 39 mm, a barrel length of 415 mm, a maximum firing range of 800 m and a standard magazine capacity of 30 cartridges. There is a Picatinny rail on the top of the receiver for mounting various optical visors, as well as the top, bottom and sides of the handguard for mounting various accessories. The new box magazines are backwards compatible with 5.45 × 39mm magazines and have an angle of inclination on the lower rear part to ensure a stiffer and more stable contact with the ground when the pistol is resting on the magazine. It also has witness windows at positions 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 laps to show the number of laps currently loaded.When the new cardboard magazine is fully loaded, a pin protrudes from the base plate, which enables visual and tactile identification of the loaded magazine in the bag. The AK-12 is also compatible with previous 5.45 × 39mm boxing magazines from the AK-74, RPK-74, and the 95-round drum magazine from the RPK-16. [ Quote needed ]

An updated AK-12 was revealed during the ARMY 2020 exhibition. The updates are not a major redesign, but instead focus on ergonomic improvements such as a lightweight, L-shaped, side-folding, 6-position polymer shoulder stock that is adjustable via draw length, an ergonomic polymer pistol grip and trigger unit, and an updated rotating diopter tail View. [37] [38]

AK-12K

During the ARMY 2017 exhibition, Kalashnikov Concern showed prototypes of the AK-12K, a short-barreled variant of the AK-12. [39] [40] [41]

AK-15

AK-15 equipped with a Russian holographic visor

The AK-15 is a variant of the AK-12 with a chamber of 7.62 × 39 mm. Both the AK-12 and the AK-15 were developed by the Kalashnikov group as part of the "Ratnik" program and accepted into Russian military service. The only difference between the AK-12 and the AK-15 is their caliber. [ To edit ] The AK-15 has a combat weight of 4.16 kg (9.17 lb), a full length of 1,066 mm (42.0 in), a barrel length of 415 mm (16.3 in), a muzzle velocity of 715 m / s, a maximum range of 800 m and a standard magazine capacity of 30 rounds. [42] The AK-15 is also compatible with previous 7.62 × 39mm boxing magazines from AKM, AK-103 and RPK. [ Quote needed ]

AK-15K

During the ARMY 2017 exhibition, Kalashnikov Concern showed prototypes of the AK-15K, a short-barreled variant of the AK-15. [39] [40] [41]

AK-19

Birdcage lightning suppressor with slots for a quick detachable silencer like the one used on the AK-19

The AK-19 was unveiled during the ARMY-2020 exhibition of the International Military Technical Forum and is a variant of the AK-12 that, at the request of potential international customers, is housed in a NATO with a 5.56 × 45 mm chamber. [43] It was later unveiled to the public during IDEX 2021. Like the updated AK-12, which was also unveiled during the ARMY 2020 exhibit, the AK-19 features a redesigned L-shaped polymer stock and a redesigned pistol grip and trigger guard and a new rotating diopter sight. The AK-19 also has a birdcage-type lightning suppressor that has slots for a quickly detachable silencer. [44] The rifle weighs 3.35 kg (7.39 lb), a barrel length of 415 mm (16.3 in), a full length of 935mm (36.8 in), a barrel twist rate of 178 mm (7, 0 in), and a standard box magazine capacity of 30 rounds. [45] [46]

Derivatives

AK-200 rifle family

The development of the AK-200 family of rifles stopped around 2011 but resumed around 2016. The AK-200 series is a little heavier and less advanced compared to the AK-12 series, but also cheaper. Beginning in 2018, the 200 series Kalashnikov assault rifles, which include an entire family, will be offered for export sales and domestic law enforcement agencies. The AK-200 rifle series is based on the AK-100 rifle series and the AK-12. They can be chambered in 5.45 × 39mm, 5.56 × 45mm NATO, and 7.62 × 39mm and use a barrel and gas system assembly similar to that of the AK-74M. Improvements to the AK-12 include Picatinny rails, a new pistol grip, a new adjustable stock, and a new flash hider. [47] They are fed by 30 round magazines and can be compatible with RPK and RPK-74 drum magazines. [48]

The models are identified as follows:

AK-200 series assault rifles are supplied to government customers in Russia and can also be exported. [49] On March 3, 2019, Russia and India inaugurated a plant that produces AK-203 assault rifles. [50] [51]

AK-308

AK-308 equipped with a suppressor

The AK-308 is a combat rifle that will be developed in 2018 at the request of potential international customers outside of Russia. It is based on the design of the AK-12 and is housed in a 7.62 × 51 mm NATO (.308 Winchester). The basic Kalashnikov assault rifle design, intended for intermediate calibrations, has been stretched and reinforced to handle the extra bolt thrust of a full power ammunition. It has a 415 mm long barrel, a weight of 4.1 to 4.3 kg with an empty magazine and a capacity of 20 cartridges. In addition, the AK-308 uses a diopter line of sight. It can attach accessories that are also used by the AK-12. The total length of the rifle is between 880 and 945 mm. [52] [53] [54] [55]

RPK-16

RPK-16 with a 95-round drum magazine and a silencer

The RPK-16 squad's automatic weapon (the number 16 indicates the year 2016, when development first began) is Kalashnikov's answer to the "Tokar-2" program, in which it stood against Degtyaryov's submission. In 2018, the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation signed a contract to procure the RPK-16 and is expected to take over the role of the RPK-74 in the Russian armed forces. [56]

The RPK-16 has a 5.45 × 39mm chamber equipped with the traditional gas-powered Kalashnikov long-stroke piston system and incorporates several novel technical and ergonomic features derived from the AK-12 program. B. a Picatinny rail on top of the receiver for mounting various optical sights and on the bottom of the hand guard for mounting the removable Picatinny rail bipod instead of the fixed bipod of the RPK-74, an ergonomic pistol grip and a foldable buttock and two main barrel lengths; a barrel of 550 mm long (when used or configured for the role of light machine gun) and a short barrel of 370 mm (when used or configured for the role of assault rifle). [57] Its design allows it to have interchangeable kegs that can be easily removed and the ability to quickly attach a detachable suppressor. It has a combat weight of 6 kg, a full length of 1,076 mm, a cyclic rate of fire of 700 rounds per minute and an accuracy range of 800 m. It mainly uses a 95-round drum magazine and is backwards compatible with boxing magazines of the AK-74 and RPK -74. [ Quote needed ]

After feedback on the performance of the weapon, the Kalashnikov group has started development of the belt-fed light machine gun RPL-20 (20 for 2020), which is also chambered in 5.45 × 39 mm and with a very similar rate of fire. Kalashnikov Concern has so far created at least one functional prototype. [58] [59] If adopted, the weapon will be the first light machine gun used by Russian forces since the RPD that is not magazine-fed or has the standard Kalashnikov pattern, which, unlike theirs, does not make it an automatic troop weapon makes predecessors.

gallery

  • The final production model of the AK-12 (GRAU 6P70), which is intended for industrial mass production

  • Another shot of the final production model of the AK-12

  • The AK-15 (GRAY 6P71) is equipped with a Russian holographic visor and a silencer

  • An updated AK-12 with a redesigned rotating diopter sight

  • An updated AK-12 with a redesigned lightweight L-shaped polymer shoulder stick, plus a polymer pistol grip and trigger guard assembly

  • The canceled proposed prototype model of the AK-12